Spoken English Malayalam is very helpful app for learning to speak English with Malayalam. This app contains lessons that will give you special attention to. pdf. SPOKEN ENGLISH A Self-Learning Guide to Conversation Practice The present book, however, deals with spoken English in both its aspects: words. Malayalam lessons specifically geared to meet the language training needs of .. lead an English speaker to a basic control over Malayalam.
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Complete lessons for both beginner and advanced English students. The English portion of this Student Workbook for the Spoken English Learned Quickly . PDF Drive is your search engine for PDF files. As of today we have 78,, eBooks for you to download for free. No annoying ads, no download limits, enjoy . The app focuses native Malayalam speakers who like to speak English for expressing their ideas. Malayalam Spoken English app comes with wide variety of.
Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Prakash Akash. Audio cassette will not be sold separately. The former is usually focussed on English conversation, and the latter on English pronunciation.
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Let Sponsored. Malayalam Of for kathakal through. And the aim of the book is to improve their colloquial usage and pronunciation so that they may be able to communicate somewhat fluently, intelligibly, and optimally.
The knowledge of phonetic symbols provided in 'Signs and Symbols' at the beginning of the book is, however, obligatory, since almost every dictionary today records pronunciations in such symbols.
The key in 'Signs and Symbols' is self-explanatory and easy to follow, and it is expected that any motivated learner will be able to understand the values of signs and symbols given in it. A sincere attempt has been made to meet the requirements of the group of learners for whom the book is meant.
Nevertheless, the authors lay no claim to perfection, and there must ever be scope for improvement in a book of this kind. Practical suggestions for its possible improvement will therefore be welcome. Listen to it two or three times. TWO Now, open the book. Look at Section II of the Unit: Try to answer the questions; you may not be able to answer all of them.
Do not worry.
Study the footnotes if any , and the meanings of words and expressions given in Section III. Now, try again to answer the questions in Section II. Study Section IV: Communicating, and do the exercises suggested.
Grammar and Usage, and do the exercises suggested. Excuse me. I want to send this parcel, please. Do you want to send it by letter. It'd be three rupees fifty paise1 by letter post, and two rupees twenty-five paise by parcel post.
You'd better send it by letter post. It might be quicker. All right. Anything else I can do for you? Could you weigh this letter, please? It's just over twenty grams.
It'll cost you one rupee forty paise. Here're the stamps for the parcel and the letter. Will you affix them, please? I also want twenty inland letter sheets and ten stamped envelopes. By all means. But wait a minute, please. Let me first give you the receipt forthe parcel. Here's the receipt. And here's the postal stationery. Thank you very much. Can I leave the parcel there on the desk in front of you? But put the letter in the box over there. Oh, yes. If you are using the cassette, listen to the dialogue two or three times.
In writing, this will be: Read the dialogue again when you are not sure of the answer. Who are they? Do we know? What are they? Look carefully at the spelling of the word stationery.
Compare it with the word stationary, which sounds similar to the first word, but is different in meaning. Stationary means 'not moving'. Play the dialogue again on your cassette and listen to it. Note the way these words are said: Practise this sound with the help of the following words.
The syllable containing this sound is italicized if the word has more than one syllable. Listen to the dialogue again. Note carefully the pronunciations of the following words. One of the syllables in each word is accented, that is, emphasized or made prominent. You must have noted that these words are said like this: You must have also noticed that the letterp in the word receipt is not pronounced: You may find it a useful exercise to consult your dictionary and write down the pronunciations of all the words given in 2a.
For help, you may consult 'Signs and Symbols' given at the beginning of this book. Study this sentence: Counter Clerk: It'd be three rupees. But in speaking, we do not usually say the full form.
Instead, we use the contracted form It'd. Listen once again to the dialogue. Pay special attention to the pronunciation of the following contracted forms. Their full forms are given in brackets. Now note the pronunciations of the following contracted forms, and practise saying them correctly. Full form Contracted form Contracted form Pronunciation he would he had he'd hi: The following sentences are from the dialogue between Michael and the Counter Clerk at the post office.
Read them. Wait a minute, please. In sentence 2 , the Cleik is making a request to Michael—he is asking Michael to stick the stamps on the letter.
The Clerk is asking Michael to wait a little, in sentence 3. In our daily lives, we ask people to do something or other for us. We ask them politely and they will help us readily and cheerfully.
A request is a polite way of asking people to do something for us. Let us study some common ways in which we can make requests in English. Give me some money. Will you lend me some money, please?
Can you lend me some money, please? Could you lend me some money? Do you think you could lend me some money? Would you mind lending me some money? You will have noticed that 1 above is the least polite way of making a request, and 8 is the most polite.
In between, 2 to 7 are arranged in order of increasing politeness. Suppose you want to make the following requests. Choose the most appropriate ways from 1 to 8 in b above. Could you close the window? I should be grateful if you could give me a certificate of character. Ask your servant to download some postage stamps.
Ask your uncle to lend you his umbrella. Ask your little brother to lend you his bicycle. Ask your father to post a letter. Ask your mother to download something from the market. Study these sentences: A You can weigh these letters. B Can you weigh these letters? Sentence A states a fact; it is called a 'statement'.
Sentence B asks something; it is a 'question'. Have you noticed the difference in their word-order? So, the difference in the word-order is: Let us study a few examples of statements and questions. A She will come back this evening. A You are angry.
A They have arrived. Turn the following statements into questions. Say them aloud or write them down. We can start now. The boys will leave soon. They were late yesterday. She has finished her work.
He is very clever. Good evening, doctor. Good evening, sir. What's your trouble? I haven't been feeling well lately. What exactly is the problem? I often feel quite sick. Have had a lot of pain in the stomach for several days. I've also had severe headaches for over two days.
What's your appetite like? Not at all good. I don't feel like eating anything. I feel full up all the time. Have you had any fever? Well, I do feel feverish all the time. I've also had a bad taste in the mouth sincc I've been sick. All right, let me take your temperature first. Give me your wrist, please.
There's nothing wrong with the pulse. Now take off your pullover. And your shirt too. Loosen your clothes a little.
I'll examine you, if you lie down on that couch. Do you feel any pain here? Yes, some. And here? Oh, that's quite painful! You may get dressed now. I hope there's nothing serious, doctor? No, nothing serious. I'm prescribing two kinds of tablets. Take one before meals. And the other after meals for three days. Don't eat any fried or spicy food. Drink milk and have. And do take some rest. Do I need to stay away from work, doctor? No, not at all.
Just take it easy and have rest whenever you can.
Come and see me if the trouble does not go quickly. Thank you very much, doctor. Is the patient a man or a woman? Play the dialogue again and listen to it.
The syllable containing this sound is printed in italics if the word has more than one syllable. Note carefully the pronunciations of these words: Note the pronunciations, written in phonetic symbols, of the following words.
Write down the pronunciations of the remaining five words given in Section 2 above in phonetic symbols and say them correctly. Listen again to the dialogue. Pay special attention to the pronunciations of the following contracted forms.
I've I have haven't have not what's what is that's that is there's there is Their pronunciations, written in phonetic symbols see 'Signs and Symbols' at the beginning of this book , are: Now note the pronunciations of the following contracted forms and practise saying them correctly.
At the beginning of the dialogue, the patient and the doctor meet. What do they say to each other? At the end of the dialogue, the patient leaves the doctor after the consultation. When two people meet, they greet each other. They tell each other that they are happy to see each other.
In our own language, we use 'namaste' or a word which means the same. In English, the most common way of greeting is: It is used before noon, before lunch time. After that, people greet each other, saying 'Good evening', until bed-time. They are used between strangers, or by people who meet in official or business situations—like the patient and the doctor in our dialogue. When relatives or friends meet, they use more informal ways of greeting. Some examples are given below: This is a very informal way of greeting, used between close friends or relatives.
Hullo in writing, two more spellings are used: Hello and Hallo: This form of greeting is used between friends and relatives. It is also used for starting a conversation on the telephone, or to answer a telephone call. When people take leave of each other, they usually say 'Goodbye! Between friends, the common way of leave- taking is 'Bye' and 'Bye-bye!
Some people say 'Cheerio! But these are very informal expressions. What will you say in the following situations? Listen to the patient talking to the doctor.
He's saying: In these sentences, the patient is talking about something that is NOT happening. Such sentences are called 'negative' sentences.
If the person had been well, he would have said: This sentence is called a 'positive' sentence. Let us now compare the two types of sentences: A I have been feeling well. As you know, 'n't' is the short form of 'not'.
Let us look at a few more examples of negative sentences. Turn the following sentences into the negative. Good afternoon, madam. What can I do for you? Good afternoon, I'd like to look at some shirts. Cottons or synthetics, madam? Terycots, if you have some. Sure, madam.
Over here, if you don't mind. We have an excellent range of shirts in terycot. These striped ones are new arrivals. I rather fancy those blue ones with red stripes. But nowadays. Could you take them out, please? What's the collar-size, madam? Are you sure, madam? I'm sure. Here you are, madam. How much is it? That's two hundred and nineteen rupees ninety- five paise. Plus taxes. Would you like to try it on? Try it on? Could you gift-wrap it? You see, it's a gift to my husband on his birthday!
I see! Later Here it is! I've stuck on it a little card saying 'Happy Birthday! That's very kind of you, young man.
Good-bye, madam. Call again. If you are using the cassette, listen to the dialogue carefully two or three times. Is the shop assistant a man or a woman? Who is it for? Is the customer happy? Note the vowel sound only in the first syllable of the second word. The phonetic symbol generally used to indicate this vowel sound is fa: You must also have noticed that the letter r in all the above words is silent.
The syllable containing the sound is put in italics if the word has more than one syllable. Now write down the pronunciations of the remaining four words in 2 above in phonetic symbols. For help, you must consult 'Signs and Symbols' given at the beginning of this book. I'm I am they're they are don't do not Their pronunciations, given in phonetic symbols, are: Full form Contracted form Pronunciation you are you're jua we are we're wis does not doesn't 'dAznt did not didn't 'didnt V.
She said: But she was rather formal in doing so. She could have just said: Thank you! Some other ways are given below: These are informal and can be used between friends.
These can be. They are" neither very informal nor very formal. These expressions are rather formal. They can be used to thank strangers, and people who have helped you in an official capacity. This is a very formal way of thanking people. It is used mostly in writing. How do people accept thanks?
Between close friends there is no need to say anything at all! But when you really want to say something, you can use one of the following expressions: This is an informal way of accepting thanks. These expressions can be used in most situations.
These are slightly formal expressions. Imagine that you are in the following situations. What wili you say to thank, or to accept thanks? You are writing a letter thanking him. Study the following questions. Do you remember the questions we framed in Unit 1? They were: Can we start now? Will the boys leave soon?
Compare the two types. A What can I do for you? B Can I help you? Question A starts with the word 'What'. Question B does not use any such word. Let us look at a few more questions of the A type. Where are you going? When are you leaving?
How far is the place? Which is faster, the train or the bus? Who is your companion? You are leaving this morning, statement subject, verb In the question, the word-order is reversed. A part of the verb comes before the subject. Who or Which just takes the place of the subject.
Roshan is my companion. Ask the questions that will get you the following answers. Begin the question with the words given in brackets. We can start at 10 o'clock. What time? We can stay at the Taj. My uncle will give us the money. It will cost us a fortune!
How much? We are going by train. Why don't we come to the market more often? I don't find it a very enjoyable place. But I do. I want to come here every day. Come here every day, then. Who stops you?
You have nothing better to do. Now, don't shout, dear. I didn't say I will come here every day; I said I want to come here. Let's not argue any more. Let's quickly do the shopping and go home. The children must be getting impatient. OK, here's the shopping list. We'll first download toiletries and groceries and then go to the vegetable stall. That's right. Let's go to the department store next door.
What can I do for you, madam? We're new to this store and we don't know where things are. Can you tell us where the groceries are? And the toiletries? For the groceries turn right, madam, and then walk straight on until you come to the end of the corridor.
And for the toiletries, just turn left and you walk right into them. I want these 15 items. Please make me the bill quickly. I'll take only a minute, sir. Here's the bill. Most of the vegetables I wanted to download are stale. Some of them are even rotten. You should've thrown them away. Sorry, madam.
In fact, yesterday the wholesale market was closed, and so we couldn't bring in fresh supplies. But that doesn't mean you should sell rotten vegetables.
I won't come to this place again. Not until next week! The second half of the conversation takes place in one part of the market. Where does it take place? Why doesn't she? Each department sells a different kind of goods, stale: Play the conversation again and listen to it. The syllable containing the sound is put in italics, that is, in a slanting type if the word has more than one syllable. You must also have noticed that the letter r is silent in all the above words.
Listen to the conversation. Note the pronunciations, given in phonetic symbols, of the following words. Now write down the pronunciations of the remaining four words in 2 in phonetic symbols.
Listen once again to the conversation. Full form Contracted form Pronunciation they will they'll Qeil you will you'll ju: At the market Janaki complained about the rotten vegetables. The clerk at the counter apologized. When we have caused trouble to someone, we want to apologize to the person. The most common way of doing this is to say: I'm sorry. Let us study a few expressions that can be used for apologizing, a Sorry: This is very informal, and is used to apologize for small things, b I'mexpression This sorry: These expressions show the intensity of your apology.
I can't tell you how sorry I am. These are rather formal expressions of apology. What does one do when someone apologizes to him? Normally, he accepts the apology and tells the person not to feel sorry about what s he has done. The following expressions are used to accept an apology.
Don't worry. Not to worry. Don't worry about it. That's all right. Forget it! What do you say in the following situations, in order to apologize or to accept an apology? You are writing a letter of apology to the librarian, d You knocked down an elderly lady, while your were riding a bicycle on a busy road, e A fellow passenger stepped on your toe in the bus and apologized to you.
Study the following sentences. They are spoken by Janaki and Surendra in the market. I didn't say I will come here every day.
All the sentences above are 'negative' sentences. In Unit 2 At the Doctor's , we discussed one way of forming negatives.
The examples were: We aren't ready. They won't call us back. This can't be done easily. In these examples, we added not n't directly to the verbs.
Positive Negative I have. I have not haven't. We are. We are not aren't. They will. They will not won't. This can. This cannot can't. We can add not n't directly to the verb, if the verb is one of the following. But look at the following sentences. I find it a very enjoyable place. I said I would come here every day. But that means you should. The verbs in these sentences are: Look at the list of 'helping verbs' in the box above. Are these verbs 'helping verbs'? No, they are not.
So, we cannot add not n't directly to the verbs. What do we do, then, to form negatives? Positive Negative I find. I do not don't find.
I said. I did not didn't say. We have used do, does and did, and added not to them. Study a few more examples: We know the answer.
She knows how to swim. You tried very hard. I want to return these four books.
But two of these were due on Monday. You're late by three days. I'm afraid you'll have to pay the fine. Oh yes, I know that. I was sick and have not been able to come to college these four days. You condone the delay under special circumstances, don't you? And my sickness is a special circumstance, isn't it? Yes, it is. But you should talk to the librarian.
My duty is just to charge the fine if it is due according to the rules. Very well, I'll see the librarian. Meanwhile, please issue me with these two books. Oh, wait a minute. I want another book too. Let me go to the racks and find out that one also. OK, I'll wait and lend you all the three together. Here's the book I wanted.
Now please issue them. Would you sign here, please? And here also? Oh, I want to point out something. In this book, one page is missing. It's page You can have a look. How callous! I must stamp page to indicate that page has been torn out. Is this necessary? Yes, very necessary. Otherwise this may be blamed on you, or the next borrower after you.
Thanks very much. This expression shows surprise.
The clerk is saying: What is the reason? Or is he only following the rules? Do you like him? The syllable containing the sound is printed in italics if the word has more than one syllable. One of the syllables in each word is accented, that is, emphasised or made prominent. Now write down the pronunciations of the remaining words in Section 2 in phonetic symbols and say them correctly. For help, you may consult your dictionary, and 'Signs and Symbols' given at the beginning of this book.
Pay special attention to the pronunciations of the following expressions. You have learnt the pronunciations of the following contracted forms in Units Say them aloud as many times as you can. I will don't do not isn't is not V. The student returned the books to the library three days late. The counter clerk told him: You'll have to pay the fine. You should talk to the librarian. I must stamp page He is also saying that it is his duty to stamp page Words like have to, should and must express necessity and obliga- tion.
Other expressions used for the purpose are: Let us study the different ways used to express obligation and necessity. This means: It's necessary for me to. I'm obliged to. We must get up early tomorrow. We had to start early yesterday.
Needn't means: You mustn't smoke in the cinema. Mustn't means: These are my orders. You ought to look after your old parents. It is your duty. You should take less sugar. That's the proper thing for you to do. There are some differences in their use, as you will have noticed in the above examples.
So it is necessary for me to leave soon. You're obliged to report it to the police, d You are not allowed to take dogs inside the bus. You can pay when the postman delivers the parcel. In the library, the counter clerk says the following sentences. This may be blamed on you. Suppose the clerk wants to say the opposites negatives of these sentences. What will he say? He will say: You are not aren't late. You should not shouldn't talk.
I must not mustn't stamp. This may not be blamed on you. You will have noticed that the negatives have been formed by adding not directly to the verbs. In Unit 4 we saw that this is possible only when the verb is one of the 'helping verbs'.
We listed 24 such helping verbs in that unit, see page 32 2. Helping verbs have many uses. One of them is in forming negatives, as we saw in 1 above, and in Unit 4. We saw this in Unit 1. Let us summarize: If the verb is a helping verb, we can 1 form the negative by adding not directly to the verb, and 2 frame questions by inverting the subject-verb order. He will return the book. What can I do for you, sir? I want a woollen suit made.
Would you like to download the cloth from us, sir? I've brought the suit-length with me. Here it is. All right May I take your measurements, sir? I'd like a tight-fitting suit. Right, sir. Now, how long will it take you to get the suit ready? About three weeks, I think. It takes longer at this time of the year because of the holiday rush, you know. That'll be all right But I'd like to have it before the end of the month. All right, sir. Would you prefer one inside pocket in the jacket, or two?
I want three. Two on the left and one on the right. And would you also like a hip-pocket in your trousers, sir? No, not really. Very well, sir. Will you call in for a fitting next Tuesday? I'd rather come on Wednesday.