The New National Building Code - Free download as Word Doc .doc), PDF File BUILDING CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES (P.D. ) referred to as the IRR. 2. Failure to engage an architect/civil engineer to undertake full time supervision. National Building Code of the Philippines: and, Its revised implementing rules and regulations approved by the Department of Public Works and Highways on. Full text of the National Building Code of the Philippines (Republic Act No. ) - Featured on the Internet by the Chan Robles Virtual Law Library.
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P. D. (National Building Code of the Philippines) .. The assignment of the members of the technical and administrative staff shall be on full-time basis. Institute a National Building Code of the Philippines”, the same does not . the services of such number of consultants, experts and advisers on full or part-. 3/31/ National Building Code Philippines Chapter 1 General Provisions . such number of consultants, experts and advisers on full or part-time basis.
PDF k Send by e-mail 1In current literature, most discussions on resource nationalism have focused on its causes and manifestations Clarke and Cummins, particularly its impact on industry and investment patterns on the producing country and the risks on the part of investors Bremmer and Johnston, ; Emel, Huber and Makene, ; Ernst and Young, In certain cases, these global-national landscapes are characterized by long-term extractive industry dependency that restricts policy options of the producing country Kohl and Farthing, There is scarce understanding about whether a resource nationalist position of a state is shared or concurred, or conversely, challenged by its citizens. This paper deals with these issues by examining the case of the Philippines. The paper looks into constituent citizens confronting the centralized control of the State over mineral resources and their development and exploitation. I then proceed to look into the economic liberalization policy embraced by the Philippine state. This brings the discussion to the enactment of a new mining policy in
The developers of model codes urge public authorities to reference model codes in their laws, ordinances, regulations, and administrative orders.
When referenced in any of these legal instruments, a particular model code becomes law. This practice is known as adoption by reference. When an adopting authority decides to delete, add, or revise any portions of the model code adopted, it is usually required by the model code developer to follow a formal adoption procedure in which those modifications can be documented for legal purposes. There are instances when some local jurisdictions choose to develop their own building codes.
At some point in time all major cities in the United States had their own building codes. However, due to ever increasing complexity and cost of developing building regulations, virtually all municipalities in the country have chosen to adopt model codes instead. In Europe, the Eurocode is a pan-European building code that has superseded the older national building codes.
Each country now has National Annexes to localize the contents of the Eurocode.
The functions thereof are as follows: Assist the Secretary in the administration and enforcement of the provisions of the Code and its IRR. Review, evaluate and take final action on various technical and legal problems forwarded to the Office of the Secretary. General Powers and Functions of the Secretary 1. Formulate policies, plans, standards and guidelines on building design, construction, use, occupancy and maintenance, in accordance with the Code.
Issue and promulgate additional rules and regulations in the form of Memorandum Circulars to implement the provisions of the Code and ensure compliance with policies, plans, standards and guidelines and issue office guidelines or Memorandum Circulars to guide the actions of the Building Official in the performance of his duties and responsibilities. Exercise appellate jurisdiction over the decisions and orders of the Building Official. The order or decision of the Secretary shall be final and executory subject only to review by the Office of the President of the Republic.
Prescribe and impose the amount of fees and other charges as may be deemed necessary that the Building Official shall collect in connection with the performance of regulatory functions. Professional and Technical Assistance The Secretary may secure professional, technical, scientific and other services including testing laboratories and facilities from other agencies of the National Government when deemed necessary.
He may also engage and compensate within available appropriations, such number of consultants, experts and advisers on full or part-time basis, as may be necessary, coming from the government or private business, entities or associations to carry out the provisions of the Code and this IRR. Building Officials http: All Building Officials appointed or designated other than by the Secretary, shall continue to act as the Building Official until such time that the Secretary appoints the Building Official.
Qualifications of Building Officials No person shall be appointed as Building Official unless he possesses the following qualifications: A Filipino citizen and of good moral character.
A duly registered architect or civil engineer. A member of good standing of a duly accredited organization of his profession for not less than five 5 years endorsed or recommended by the accredited professional organization. Has at least five 5 years of diversified and professional experience in building design and construction. Ensure that all changes, modifications, and alterations in the design plans during the construction phase shall not start until the modified design plan has been evaluated and the necessary amendatory permit issued.
The review of architectural plans, designs, drawings, specifications, estimates and contract documents submitted as part of a building permit application should only be undertaken by a registered and licensed architect RLA in full accordance with R. See Communication Flow Chart, Fig. Fees 1. The Secretary, thru Memorandum Circulars, shall prescribe the rates of fees and formulate guidelines in the imposition and collection of fees.
Every Building Official shall keep a permanent record and accurate account of all fees and other charges fixed and authorized to becollected and received. Exemption http: Recording of Collections a. Every Building Official shall keep a permanent record and accurate account of all fees and other charges fixed and authorized to be collected by him.
Figure II. As with Figure II. Again, the review of architectural plans, designs, drawings, specifications, estimates and contract documents submitted as part of a building permit application should only be undertaken by a registered and licensed architect RLA in full accordance with R. He shall render the reports required under the Centralized Accounting System.
Disposition of Collections a. Pursuant to Sec. B and Special Account No. Original - to be retained by the bank branch. Triplicate - to be retained by the bank branch for submission to the Provincial Treasury Fiscal Examiner assigned to the province where the bank is located.
Local Treasurer. In cases where there is no bank auditor assigned in a particular locality, confirmation shall be undertaken by the officer designated by the Head of the Bank branch. The reports shall be prepared by the Local Treasurer in five copies, distributed as follows after verification by the field auditor: Triplicate with validated quadruplicate remittance advices to the DPWH-CO Accountant for posting to the corresponding subsidiary ledgers.
Quadruplicate to be retained by the Local Treasurer.
Quintuplicate local office accounting file. The Local Treasurer shall certify all the copies of the report and submit the first three 3 copies to his Field Auditor within three 3 days after the end of the month for audit. Crediting of Accounts of Local Treasurer In the monthly report of collections, specifically at the back thereof, is a statement of account current showing the accountability of the Local Treasurer.
The DPWH-CO Chief Accountant shall cross-check the validated quadruplicate remittance advices attached to the duplicate copy of the monthly report of collections against the remittances made by the Local Treasurer with the National Treasury or any of its authorized depository banks as appearing in the statement of account current.
Safeguards i. Upon receipt of the monthly abstract of remittances from the National Treasury, the remittances appearing therein shall be counter checked by the DPWH-CO Chief Accountant against the credits already given the collecting officers concerned and any discrepancies discovered in the process shall be verified and adjusted immediately.
In case of retirement or resignation by the Local Treasurers, their clearances shall be held in abeyance until their remittances have been fully cleared by the National Treasury. Centralized Accounting System i. Said office shall set up and maintain a separate set of books of accounts to be used solely for transactions pertaining to the implementation of the provisions of the National Building Code and its Implementing Rules and Regulations.
All deputized disbursing officers shall render the following reports: Report of Checks Issued together with duplicate copies of checks issued for submission to the Treasury Provincial Fiscal Examiner in the region. The Department Chief Accountant shall adjust obligations quarterly to actual liquidations as required.
Deputized disbursing officers shall prepare other statements or reports as may be required from time to time by the proper authorities. The Deputized Disbursing Officer DDO shall render a monthly report of accountability for checks issued during the month and the balance at the end of the month.
Copies of said report shall be distributed as follows: Turnover of Accountability i. In case of change, transfer, resignation or retirement from the service of the Building Official, an inventory of all money and property accountabilities shall be taken jointly by the outgoing and incoming Building Official and a receipt passed on the basis of such inventory. Such inventory shall be certified as accurate by the said officers, witnessed by the local auditor thereat.
The preceding procedure shall also apply to a deputized disbursing officer other than the Building Official with respect to money and property accountabilities in his custody. Other Provisions i. Implementing Rules and Regulations In the implementation of the provisions of the Code and its IRR, the Secretary shall formulate necessary rules and regulations and adopt design and construction standards and criteria for buildings and other structures.
Such standards, rules and regulations shall take effect after their publication once a week for three consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation. Administrative Fines 1. Imposition of Administrative Fines a. The Secretary or his duly authorized representative may prescribe and impose fines not exceeding ten thousand pesos P10, Unauthorized change, modification or alteration during the construction in the duly submitted plans and specifications on which the building permit is based.
Determination of Amount of Fines a. In the determination of the amount of fines to be imposed, violations shall be classified as follows: Light Violations - P 5, Penalty i. Without prejudice to the provisions of the preceding sections, the Building Official is hereby also authorized to impose a penalty or surcharge in the following cases in such amount and in the manner as hereunder fixed and determined: Penal Provisions It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation, to erect, construct, enlarge, alter, repair, move, improve, remove, convert, demolish, equip, use, occupy, or maintain any building or structure or cause the same to be done contrary to or in violation of any provision of the Code.
Dangerous and Ruinous Buildings or Structures Dangerous buildings are those which are herein declared as such or are structurally unsafe or not provided with safe egress, or which constitute a fire hazard, or are otherwise dangerous to human life, or which in relation to existing use, constitute a hazard to safety or health or public welfare because of inadequate maintenance, dilapidation, obsolescence, or abandonment; or which otherwise contribute to the pollution of the site or the community to an intolerable degree.
Abatement of Dangerous Buildings When any building or structure is found or declared to be dangerous or ruinous, the Building Official shall order its repair, vacation or demolition depending upon the degree of danger to life, health, or safety. This is without prejudice to further action that may be taken under the provisions of Articles and to of the Civil Code of the Philippines.
Structural Hazards a. Whenever any portion or member or appurtenances thereof is likely to fall, or to become detached or dislodged or to collapse and thereby injure persons or damage property. Whenever any portion thereof has been wrecked, warped, buckled or settled to such an extent that the walls or other structural portions have materially less resistance to wind or earthquake than is required in the case of similar new construction.
Whenever the exterior walls or other vertical structural member lean or buckle to such an extent that a plumb line passing through the center of gravity does not fall inside the middle one-third of the base.
Fire Hazards a. Whenever any door, aisle, passageway, stairway, or other means of exit is not of sufficient width or size, or is not so arranged as to provide safe and adequate means of exit in case of fire and panic.
Unsafe Electrical Wiring a. All wiring systems or installations which do not conform to the rules and regulations embodied in the latest Philippine Electrical Code.
Unsafe Mechanical Installation http: Mechanical systems or installations which do not conform to the rules and regulations embodied in the Philippine Mechanical Code. Lack of or improper operation of required ventilating equipment or air-conditioning systems.
Improperly installed or lack of protection and safety provisions on steam, gas and fuel supply lines. All sanitation and plumbing systems or installations which do not conform to the rules and regulations embodied in the Code on Sanitation of the Philippines and the Revised National Plumbing Code. Inadequately maintained or improperly used sanitation and plumbing facilities. Infestation of insects, vermin or rodents and lack of adequate control for the same.
Lack of adequate garbage and rubbish storage and removal or disposal facilities. Source of pollution. Architectural Deficiency a.
Insufficient amount of natural light and ventilation due to inadequate open spaces such as courts and yards as required. Inadequate sizes of rooms and space dimensions and window openings. Other Remedies The rights, actions and remedies provided in the Code and in the IRR shall be in addition to any and all other rights of action and remedies that may be available under existing laws.
In case the owner should ask the Building Official for a reconsideration on his order, same shall be given not more than not more than fifteen 15 days within which to render his final decision appealable to the Office of the Secretary.
The decision of the Secretary on the appeal shall be final. After such period, said building materials of the building thus repaired, renovated or removed shall be sold at public auction to satisfy the claim of the OBO.
Building Permits 1. Permits supplementary to a Building Permit shall be applied for and issued by the Building Official. These include Ancillary and the Accessory Permits.
Ancillary Permits The Ancillary Permits duly signed and sealed by the corresponding professionals and the plans and specifications shall be submitted together with the duly notarized application for Building Permit.
The Building Permit is null and void if not accompanied by the Ancillary Permits. Public buildings shall be exempt from payment of building permit, inspection, another fees. The duly licensed architect or engineer engaged by the owner to undertake inspection and detailed supervision of the construction shall periodically certify that the construction conforms to the plans and specifications submitted in the application for a building permit.
Upon submission of such periodic certifications during the progress of construction, the Building Official shall periodically issue the required authority to continue with the subsequent phases of construction, without prejudice to his right to conduct on his own initiative any inspection of the said construction.
Upon completion of the construction, the said duly licensed architect or engineer shall submit to the Building Official the final certification that the building conforms to the provisions of the Code and with the detailed plans and specifications submitted.
The proper Certificate of Occupancy shall be issued to the applicant within seven 7 days from completion of the requirements for inspection and occupancy and payment of any and all fees therefor, unless the building Official or his Deputy issuing the Certificate shall show cause in writing why the Certificate should not be issued and shall indicate thereon the particular provisions of the Code violated or the particular requirements not complied with.
Within fifteen 15 days from receipt by the applicant of the advice from Building Official or his Deputy authorized to issue the certificate why the certificate should not be issued, or why the certificate is suspended or revoked, the applicant may appeal the non-issuance, suspension, or revocation thereof, to the Mayor of the chartered city or municipality, or the Governor of the province where the building for which the certificate is being applied for is located.
Said appeal shall be decided within fifteen 15 days from receipts thereof, otherwise, the applicant may bring the matter to the proper Court of Justice for final disposition. The building may be occupied only upon issuance of the Certificate of Occupancy. Fire zones are areas within which only certain types of building are permitted to be constructed based on their use, occupancy, type of construction, and resistance to fire.
If a building or structure is located in more than one fire zone and more than one-third of its total floor area is in a more restricted fire zone, then the entire building shall conform to the requirements for the more restricted area. Any building or structure moved within or into any fire zone shall be made to comply with all the requirements for buildings of that fire zone.
Temporary buildings or structures conforming to the requirements of this Code, used for the protection of the public around and in conjunction with construction work may be erected in any of the fire zones: Provided, that such work is allowed by special permit from the Building Official and such is used only for a limited period of time. For the purpose of this Chapter, the center line of an adjoining street or alley may be considered an adjacent property line.
Distance shall be measured at right angles to the street or alley. Designation of Fire Zones a The Secretary shall classify each type of fire zone in accordance to use, occupancy, type of construction, and resistance to fire subject to the provisions of this Code. Such division shall be in accordance with the local physical and spatial framework plans or the recommendation of the local city or municipal development body.
Chapter 2. Materials and systems of fire-resistive purposes shall be classified according to their fire-resistive ratings as determined by internationally accepted testing methods, subject to the provisions of this Section. Square-edged boards may be used is the layers are laid at right angles with each other. The supporting beams for such floors shall be not less than 15 centimeters 6 inches in minimum dimension.
Steel joist floors shall have from one to four-hour fire-resistive rating based on internationally accepted standards of engineering.
Materials required to be flame-proofed shall be treated with a flame-retardant having flame-spread rating of 50 less as determined by the "Tunnel Test". Finishes for interior walls and ceilings of any building shall be classified according to their flame-spread characteristics using the internationally accepted "Tunnel Test" or other equivalent test for fire protection.
The class of materials according to flame-spread characteristics shall be determined for each occupancy group. The smoke density shall not be greater than that obtain from the burning of untreated wood under similar conditions when tested in accordance with the "Tunnel Test" in the way intended for use.
The products of combustion shall be no more toxic than the burning of untreated wood under similar conditions.