application, see the UFT Tutorial for GUI Testing of Web applications, available from the UFT PDF or Help window. This section includes descriptive properties that UFT uses to identify the object during a run session: 7. Save the object. Descriptive Programming in QTP - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File . txt) or read online for free. Descriptive programming in QTP. Get Instant Access to PDF File: #68cd7e0 Qtp Descriptive Programming Unplugged: Master Object Identification Techniques By Tarun Lalwani.
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QTP scripts can execute only if the objects are present in the Object Repository. of the Objects are created using Descriptive programming when testers want. Check when to use DP, syntax of descriptive programming, tips and tricks hi all i am new to qtp and shall i have any user quide pdf. if any one. There are two ways to create descriptive programming statements: Using description objects; Using description strings. Using description objects. By using this.
The article uses an illustrative approach to help you understand the difference between Object Repository and Descriptive Programming code. And also to guide you through the process of creating descriptive programming code. Simple enough? Before we begin answering the above queries, let us first see the structure of a line of code in QTP and understand how Object Repository fits in there. Once you are clear with this concept, understanding and using Descriptive Programming in your script becomes very very easy.
But lets say that you ignore the browser that has Google opened. But here when you spy the objects in Google page, it will be shown properly only. You will not get WinObject for the objects. I am getting ans unrecoverable error. Below is the error message displayed: Cannot find the "[ WebEdit ]" object's parent "[ Browser ]" [class Browser].
Verify that parent properties match an object currently displayed in your application. Then again you need to open if it is not open. What sort of articles are yo looking out for in Advanced QTP? Also, there would not be many articles specific to QTP Anish i just went through all comments and am wondering what i did wrong. I copied the code from the end of the first section and pasted to QTP. Cannot find the "[ WebEdit ]" object's parent "[ Browser ]" class Browser. Set "automation repository"".
Keyword Driven Framework qtpscripts. I am a newbie to QTP. I love the way you explain the topics. Its just awesome ……. With the help of images, its very easy to understand…. The thing is…After creating a user it is shown as a link in user page.. I wrote a function to check whether the link exist or not..
Here is my function: Page "Title: Create MyObjct "micclass". If MyPg. Link MyObjct. Browser "MyBrowser". Page "MyPage". Link "html tag: These are the two properties QTP using to identify and click on it. I checked in OR.. Set "quicklearnqtp". Thankyou so much for your nice explanation,can you please explain loops and conditional statement.
I started learning QTP, when i tried parametrizing for the login screen of the flight app for the first row it is working fine but when it comes to the second row it is showing the error as below and i tried with Maintenance run mode as well.. Cannot find the "Agent Name: Line 5: WinEdit "Agent Name: How does QTP handle dynamic object incase none of the objects say all are labels on the application as no unique property. I answered as smart identification and ordinal identifies.
Interviewer replied that smart identification is wrong. QTP Tutorial 9: Part 2 Tech Lessons. Your information about qtp is really interesting. Also I want to know the latest new techniques which are implemented in qtp. Can you update it in your website? To answer ur question , u can use Visual relation identifier. By this method u can identify ur dynamic object with the nearby static object.
I am getting an error message like this while running the code for google search Cannot find the "[ WebEdit ]" object's parent "[ Browser ]" class Browser. Also HP MyFlight Sample Application opens up every time i am trying to run this code which searches with a string in google.
Why is this happening.
I am working with QTP Is the above error message coming because of this window 3. Also how can i get the properties of objects i mean do we always use Object Spy for the same?
I am trying to test a script using following syntax: Browser "micclass: Page "micclass: WebEdit "html id: Set "" The test runs and passes but the value""doesn't get entered. Hello Sir, After the time process the script will automatically closes how? This is excellent information. It is amazing and wonderful to visit your site. Thanks for sharing this information,this is useful to me….
Thank you for taking the time and sharing this information with us. It was indeed very helpful and insightful while being straight forward and to the point. Nice Work Pillai.. Perfect Explanation…. Thanks Nithi.. Nice post. Thanks Ravish.. Expected ' ' Line 4: Hello Pravs… There are minor syntax errors in the code.
All these are very common minor mistakes which occur when you start with scripting. Hi Anish , regarding the 2nd query its solved ….. Superb article well explained and excellent for beginners in QTP. Thank you Suraj.. I'm glad that you found the article useful.. Thank you Anand.. HI Anish, First of all need to thank for the article it was exceptional but at line 11 i. Thank you Jayachandra.. For the error, can you provide the exact error message that you got? Hi Jayachandra, I ran the code in my system and it worked fine.
Can you check the following thing. If it still doesn't work, try the below code and see if it works. Let me know the result. Set "automation repository" 'Click on Search button Browser "title: Hi Anish …can u post script to click on a particular link if u know.. Hi, If you have the properties of the link, you can do it very easily. Hi Anish, I still recieve the similar error, and one more think i observed is when I tried to spy on Web Element for "html id" value is blank. Hi Jayachandra, Can you email me the screenshot of the object spy and the screenshot of the web browser when the error occurs?
Hi Pillai, It is really really very good article with pictorial representation which i never seen any other tutorial sites. Hi Bala.. Thank you for this wonderful feedback.. Hi Swathi, This line seems fine. Hi Div, In what sense do you want to block sites? Hi, Block in sense i should get winobject while spy those sites. Div, I'm not sure if such a functionality exists.
I have never used anything like this. Please let me know if this was helpful. Line : Hi, check whether your script close after first time process. Thanks, Uma. Hey Anish, this is Thangamani… You did a great job man..
Hey Mani…: How are you??? Long time…. Thanks Anish.
Sorry for the late response. But is it working now?? You can use these function in various actions directly , eliminating the need of adding object s in object repository for each action. This forms the basis of keyword driven framework approach.
When object repository is getting huge due to the number of objects being added.
Bulky object repository may decrease the performance of QTP while recognizing an object. Suppose we have a web application that has not been developed yet. Now for QTP to record the script and add the objects to repository, needs the application to be up, that would mean waiting for the application to be deployed before we can start making QTP scripts.
But if we know the descriptions of the objects that will be created, we can start-off with the scripts using Descriptive Programming. In such a case, you may use Descriptive Programming approach. On the Same Page: Now adding all 15 objects in the Object repository would not be a good programming approach since the object description would be the same except the index ordinal identifier.
We can simple go for Descriptive Programming. On Different Pages: Suppose a web application with several pages has 3 navigation buttons on each page. Now recording action on these buttons would add 3 objects per page in the repository.
For a 10 page flow, it would mean 30 objects which could have been represented just by using 3 objects. So instead of adding these 30 objects to the repository, we can write 3 descriptions for the object and use those descriptions on any page. It is not limited to a particular technology. In the examples that follow, we will use web based objects.
In this method, property: The general syntax for inline descriptive programming is:. Let us write an inline descriptive programming statement for username box of demo flight reservation application. We will create a DP statement in place of the recorded statement above. Here is the generic process that one should follow. For a browser object, there is no other property required in case you are dealing with a single browser.
Browser object shown above can be written as Browser "micclass: If you notice we have not written, miclass property-value pair for this object type.
Actually micclass is an implicit property which is taken automatically since QTP assumes that based on the test object type being referenced. In case of Browser or page object, you can provide any one such implicit property. Putting it all together, the statement above would look like this when written in Descriptive Programming. In UFT The copied values are formatted in standard DP syntax with line breaks between each property-value pair. You can paste the copied data to any document and then copy selected lines — after removing the line breaks- into a DP statement.
As a rule of thumb, you should use a minimum set of properties to identify an object. Properties collection does the same thing as string arguments.
It is my observation that people find 1st method easier to work with. The process of writing DP statements remains almost the same as inline DP. However, in this case the property value pairs are written as part of a description object. Note for advanced users: If the name value above was username and you wanted the last three digits as a regular expression, you could write the same statement as.
Both the forms described above support usage of Regular Expressions by default. Check our regular expressions guide if you wish to learn about them in detail. The first image shown at the top has a dynamic username. If you wish to identify that as a regular expression using inline descriptive programming, it can be written as. In the example mentioned above, if you wish to substitute a variable instead of using a regular expression, it can be written as. If you have 2 username boxes one below the other in mercury demo app, they can be written as —.
You can also optionally use index or location ordinal identifiers or similarity as one of the properties in an Insight object. Make sure to use micclass. Descriptive Programming provides a way to bypass object repository and gives a bit of flexibility to identify the object.
I recommend you to subscribe by Email and have new UFT articles sent directly to your inbox. LearnQTP is run, maintained and updated by me and my team. You can connect with me on twitter ajonit. We created dynamic description for object identification. It worked on my machine but not on his.
Page "". When you talk about DP, Smart Identification is ruled out. Would need to check the exact code to find out the issue. I have 2 tabs in my application with same properties. While using descriptive programming, can you please see if this is the correct way?
PbWindow "pbname: PbTabStrip "window id: Select "Address". Select "Location". Can any one help me with this below line of code. This is simple login with Descriptive Programming. As I m learning new can anyone help on this:. InvokeApplication "C: Browser "title: Page "title: WebTable "name: WebEdit "name: Set "a" Browser "title: WebButton "name: This blog post from Motti should answer your question. I am putting the relevant extract for your reference. So why do we need another layer in the hierarchy?
Why not just make the Browser object represent the top-level HTML document as well as the tab window? The answer is to preserve the test maintainability objective we described earlier. In order to prevent this, we created an artificial split so that the controls that appear under the same Page test object are logically grouped together. So if you have a login page and an accounts page you can find the username edit field without sifting through all the test objects that appear in the accounts page, because the appropriate controls are grouped logically.
Go to UFT Certification guide At the bottom , enter your name and email in the form provided and you will get instant access to the free sample mock paper. This is a great web page! Please give me a solution for finding link text in web application which is not possible to find by object spy and recording. Means in virtual machine. From my local machine connecting to Virtual machine , then i will start execution in virtual machine. Then can i minimize Virtual machine screen?
Is there any tool?
When I am using browser. Whether it is a session cookie or a persistant cookie. I want to automate my application windows based using descriptive programming. Im facing a problem where i want to double click on an object because its x,y values are dynamically changing.
How can I resolve this? Can anybody help??? Close Systemutil. Click Systemutil. Click End If Next. At what stage of testing life cycle we can start QTP scripting? In that case what can be the prerequisites?
How to handle that? Anything that is done with OR can be done with DP. All I can say is that prepare to enhance your knowledge not for the interview. Is there a way out?
Hi Anukar, I am fallowing you for QTP from so many days, I would like to thank you and your effort for keeping this blog so intense and intellectual, I have some basic question, it is related to qtp-version, [QTP v. I am not able to click on a web button through automation. The button works fine when running manually.
The button is also identified by QTP. It is highlighting the object on the application. Please see the properties of teh object below: It does not seem to be a problem, anyway, it does.
I faced a similar issue some time back.. Turn the Smart Identification False. I am new to QTP and following this website religiously to learn it.
But have a problem understanding a topic and was wondering if you could help in explaining it in a better way. Also, the name of the 3rd Ordinal is missing. Launch application, Create member … close application.
Sample Script to launch application: Exist 1 then Reporter. I have used the DP in my project. Now the objects property is changing frequently, SO i have to update the property of the same object in all test cases.
Is there any way that we can create the all objects in one place something like seleium using java and just use that object in test. Can you plz send me the test script to select the availability user link.
I am automating Oracle Apps. I need to automate one table. I need to verify the table values. I am unable to get the get the coloum value and get the row values. Please write your detailed query on forums. I was trying to write DP which has WebTable objects,but was not able to add run this code. Hi Ankur, Thanks for the simplified explanation of descriptive programming. I have a question about the following: If we refer to them as a web element then we will have to distinguish between the 2 using the index property.
To determine which property and value pairs to use, you can use the Object Spy: Spy on the desired object. In the Properties list, find and write down the properties and values that can be used to identify the object. So, how can I find out the complete list of properties associated with an object? As an example, I have pasted the properties using object spy of the username and the password webedit boxes of the first page of newtours.
Class Name: I have a Telerik control a weblist in my application and QTP doesn;t support that. Then how can I automate the weblist in my project. I tried recording but QTP is not identifying that control. Please help. Learning DL. Please help me Thanks. This last line of code gives this error.
Also tried the below variation but again getting the same error:. I want to compare two website…old and new…i want to copy text from old and new one and compare both text file.. And how does it help full in real time.
I have a javatable, through the object repository, QTP identifies the Javatable perfectly. But then if I use a descriptive string to identify the same javatable, QTP fails to do so.
It says object does not exist. HI, is there any way that we can click on retry button, of run time error box of qtp? Please give me that code. Hi, I am trying to capture. Could you please help. THank you. Webtable identification is taking more than 2 miniutes to identify and system hangs.
Am using QTP Can you tell how to uniquely identify the objects faster. I tried record and play, also changing the object identification properties to uniquely identify and still no use.
You can mail me at xeconio gmail. HI, plz send some of the challenges u faced in web application and how to find the hidden botton while scrolling in descriptive. If yes, how and what are the shortcomings? I want to read on the WebElement which is following the above hierarchy. So I will be very thankful if you will help me to get rid from this problem and provide me the solution.
I found most of the examples in Descriptive programming for web base applications. I have to go into the grid and should enter the values. Please help me in this. If any other information needed in the problem please tell me i will attach the same in the problem. This is chandra sekhar I am working on a dot net application, yes i am a learner in qtp,there will be a text area where the doc id is generated by the application,please let me know how to recognize that using qtp , i need that id for further processing of the application process please let me know its urgent.
Createobject and Description. Hi Ankur… exacellent job… really greate article. Appriciate your information that u have given abt DP. I have a problem, that is I need to get all the objects of an application into an excel sheet as how you get into your OR in QTP..
But not finding a solution to write a script, basing this excel sheet as an Object Repository and those objects which are stored in that Excel.. For example: I have webtable object that has 2 columns and 5 rows, so there are 10cells i.
Is there is any spl thing needs to be done for a descriptive programming for windows application. Hi Ankur, This is AnanthaKrishnan. Your are doing an Excellent service. If ever any doubt in that,i write to u ,please help me with your reply. I want to click on the WebElement which is following the above hierarchy. I used the following code but the code is not working. Here y is Inbox whatever number your mail is captured dynamically. But this code does not work at all. That is why I used wild character above.
If UCase Left allLinks i. I am using QTP to test a java application. The software I am testing has lots of the same fields but with different labels as per client requirements.
I have added an object in the repository and updated it to use a regular expression instead of a static value. I am just not wondering to have to put all objects in the repository. Thoughts anyone?