Free download of NCERT chapter-wise solutions for Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics given by expert teachers for latest edition books and as per. Social Science: Democratic Politics (2): Class 10th. Table of Contents. Unit I Chapter 1: Power sharing. Chapter 2: Federalism. Unit II Chapter 3: Democracy . Getting more marks in CBSE Class 10 Civics is now easy with study materials provided by TopperLearning. Access our numerous video lessons, revision notes .
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If Political Science is tree then civics is just a branch of it. In Class 10th, CBSE continued the second part of Democratic Politics book. As per the name, the book . UnderstandingEconomicDevelopment. NCERT/CBSE class 10 SocialScience book UnderstandingEconomicDevelopment. Download latest NCERT Book for Class 10 Civics. NCERT Books can be download in pdf format for Class 10 Civics. Download entire book or each chapter in.
You can view them online or download PDF file for future use. Power-Sharing ExerciseP. Give an example of each of these. Ans : Different forms of power sharing in modern democracies: Horizontal division of power: It is the sharing of power among the different organs of government. The division of government into the executive, the legislature and the judiciary is an example of horizontal division of power. In such a power sharing arrangement, different organs of government, placed at the same level, exercise different powers.
Ans : Industrialised countries can afford democracy but the poor need dictatorship to become rich. This statement is incorrect as can be seen from the examples of India and Zimbabwe.
In , India was included in the Third World nations, but now, it is one of the fast-growing economies in the world. This statement is incorrect.
The Minimum Wages Act enacted by the government and other policies which regulate the basic price at which agricultural producers and small industries sell their goods, have helped increase the per capita income of the country, thereby making its citizens more prosperous. This is not a wise option as in poor countries, the people cannot afford health and education services. This is not true as conflict can be eliminated only in an ideal situation.
In real democracies, though every person has one vote, there are divisions among the people. These divisions lead to conflict. A large number of farmers are committing suicide in different states of India. Following allegation of killing of three civilians in Gandwara in a fake encounter by Jammu and Kashmir police, an enquiry has been ordered. Ans : The challenge to democracy in the first statement is to provide equal status to all its citizens in spite of their caste.
The challenge to democracy in the second instance is providing farmers with subsidies which will help them to earn profits and have a satisfactory level of livelihood. Democracies need to ensure: A. He lost his ration card and applied for a duplicate one in January But the clerks and officials would not even look at him, leave alone do his job or bother to tell him the status of his application.
Ultimately, he filed an application under the Right to Information Act asking for the daily progress made on his application, names of the officials, who were supposed to act on his application and what action would be taken against these officials for their inaction.
The division of government into the executive, the legislature and the judiciary is an example of horizontal division of power.
In such a power sharing arrangement, different organs of government, placed at the same level, exercise different powers. This separation of powers ensures that no organ exercises unlimited power. Each organ checks the others, thereby putting in place a system of checks and balances.
The division of power between the Council of Ministers headed by the Indian Prime Minister, the Parliament of India and the Indian Supreme Court is an example of this kind of power sharing. Vertical division of power: It is the sharing of power among governments at different levels — a general government for the entire country and governments at the provincial or regional level. For example, in India, the Constitution defines the way power is to be shared between the Central or Union government and the various State governments.
There are certain matters on which only the Central government can take decisions, while there are others on which only an individual state government has an exclusive right for decision making.
Division of power among social groups: Power can also be shared among different groups which differ socially. This government is elected by people belonging to one language community Dutch, French and German-speaking , and has the power to take decisions regarding cultural, educational and language related issues.
The system of reserved constituencies in India is another example. Division of power between political parties, pressure groups and movements: Political parties are the organisations which aim to control power by contesting elections. In a democracy, citizens have the freedom to choose among the various contenders for power the different political parties or the different alliances comprising political parties.
Such a freedom of choice entails competition among the different parties, which in turn ensures that power does not remain in one hand, and is shared among different political parties representing different ideologies and social groups. Pressure groups and movements also share governmental power, either through participation in governmental committees or by influencing the decision-making process.
Ans : A prudential reason for power sharing is that it leads to an avoidance of conflict between social groups. Since social conflict often leads to violence and political instability, power sharing is a good way to ensure the stability of political order. In India, seats have been reserved in legislatures for the socially weaker sections keeping in mind this prudential reason for power sharing.
A moral reason for power sharing is that it upholds the spirit of democracy. In a truly democratic setup, the citizens too have a stake in governance.
In India, the citizens can come together to debate and criticise the policies and decisions of the government. This in turn puts pressure on the government to rethink its policies and reconsider its decisions. This active political participation is in keeping with the moral reason for power sharing. Which of these do you agree with and why? Give your reasons in about 50 words. Thomann - Power sharing is necessary only in societies which have religious, linguistic or ethnic divisions.
Mathayi — Power sharing is suitable only for big countries that have regional divisions. Ouseph — Every society needs some form of power sharing even if it is small or does not have social divisions. Power sharing not only prevents conflict between various groups in the society but it also inculcates a sense of worth in the citizens.