I. INTRODUCTION. The IEEE Color Book standards series include 13 Moreover, it provides complete The IEEE Buff Book presents complete information on. 15 كانون الثاني (يناير) Complete IEEE Color Book Standards Series ISBN: n/a | Various | Publisher: IEEE | | PDF | 81Mb Complete IEEE Color Book Standards. The IEEE Color Books Industrial Power Pack. nearly two decades, the IEEE Color Books Standards series has earned its reputation as an essential resource for IEEE Std (The Buff Book - Protection and Coordination) The IEEE Color Books: Complete Standards Series VuSpec CD-ROM incorporates the
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volumes that comprise the IEEE Color Books standards series. Table of Contents. • IEEE Std (R), IEEE Red Book. • IEEE Std , IEEE. The VuSpec Contains 13 volumes that comprise the IEEE Color Books standards series: IEEE Std (R), IEEE Red Book / IEEE Std , IEEE. The IEEE Color Books are developed and revised by the technical committees of the reviews, updates, augments and publishes the Color Book Set as required. Please refer to the IEEE Standards Collection™ for more information.
Because each of the 12 IEEE Color Books and the draft IEEE Color Book addressed in this overview deals with a different aspect of electrical power production, distribution, and utilization in industrial and commercial power systems, it can be an intimidating process to sift through each book to determine its applicability. Furthermore, the rapid globalization of the power industry now requires familiarity with numerous technical standards, including those developed by the International Electrotechnical Commission IEC and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IEEE. Information on how to contact the working group chair for each IEEE Color Book, at publication of this paper, is provided in the Appendix. The objective of this paper is to provide a summary for each book to enable an understanding of what is included in each book. The summary gives a general overview of the purpose, as well as some of the topics covered by each book. Industry demands reliable electrical systems to avoid costly downtime.
The information that have been extracted from codes, objective of this document is to provide a summary for standards, and other technical literature are included in this each of the books to understand what is entailed in each publication for illustrative purposes. Information on book. The summary will give a general overview of the system planning, voltage considerations, short circuit purpose of each book and some of the actual topics current calculations, protection, grounding, and harmonics contained in the chapters of each book.
The different are a few of the issues addressed in this book. No other sections of this document represent the different books by publication contains so much useful, authoritative their IEEE Standard number and their IEEE Book Color with information on electrical design for industrial facilities.
Extensive information is presented on many different The grounding of electrical systems is vital to the electrical aspects. From a power distribution point of view, efficient and effective operation of industrial and information is given on load requirements, voltage commercial power systems. That is why electrical considerations, power sources and distribution systems.
A thorough investigation of requirements, and energy management. Thus, the IEEE grounding problems and methods for solving these Gray Book focuses on all electrical aspects of commercial problems are presented.
This provides electrical engineers facilities. The advantages and disadvantages of grounded versus ungrounded systems are discussed. Information is System protection and coordination serve to minimize given on how to ground the system, where the system damage to a system and its components in order to limit the should be grounded, and how to select equipment for the extent and duration of any service interruption occurring grounding of neutral circuits.
Connecting the frames and on any portion of the system. The IEEE Buff Book deals enclosures of electrical equipment to the ground system is with the proper selection, application, and coordination of addressed.
The fundamentals of making the the components which constitute system protection for interconnection between the electrical equipment and industrial plants and commercial buildings. It is an excellent ground rods, water pipes, etc. Even problems resource for power system protection and coordination.
The information is arranged in a convenient step-by-step format, so it is easily understood. It is a valuable, comprehensive sourcebook for IV. One of the main design features involves the quick dependence on adequate and reliable electrical systems. This book will allow feature is to obtain a reduction of the short circuit current the engineer to better understand the special requirements to minimize damage to the system, its components, and the of commercial facilities and the Codes that govern them.
Another design feature is The IEEE Gray Book provides extensive information on the provision of alternate circuits, automatic throwovers, each of the various specialized subjects involved in and automatic reclosing devices. These design features for planning the power system of a new or modernized system protection are the focus of the IEEE Buff Book. It provides Further, they demand assurance of maximum return on commercial and industrial facility designers, operators, and capital investments in the power system.
Power system owners with guidelines for assuring uninterrupted power.
One chapter is a general fundamentals of power system studies, the most common discussion of the needs for and the configuration of studies for design or operation of a power system, and the emergency and standby power systems. Another chapter basic computational methods with key information on the lists the power needs for specific industries.
Several various types of computer systems and their requirements. Thus, the IEEE Orange Book is an This book will help ensure high standards of power system excellent source for emergency and standby power reliability and maximize the utilization of capital investment.
The planning, design, and operation of industrial and VIII.
The power system analyses discussed in the IEEE Brown Book The design of reliable industrial and commercial power can help answer many questions about an existing system, distribution systems is important because of the high cost such as the impact of expansion, the stability of the system, associated with power outages and their significant impact the load distribution of the system, etc.
Chapters are on society. It is necessary to consider the cost of power devoted to different types of studies and indicate what is outages when making decisions for new power distribution needed and how to prepare for the different studies.
The IEEE Gold studies, stability studies, motor-starting studies, harmonic Book aims to provide credible data concerning equipment analysis studies, switching transient studies, reliability reliability and the cost of power outages so that these studies, cable ampacity studies, ground mat studies, trade-off studies can be conducted.
Therefore, the IEEE Brown Book is an excellent sufficient information so that reliability analysis can be sourcebook for power system analyses. Information included in the book is the result of extensive surveys of reliability of electrical VII. In this book, electrical for reliability issues.
However, protection engineers have evolved a series of generally accepted guidelines for which currents apply to which kinds of protective devices, and these guidelines are detailed in subsequent chapters. Accordingly, this chapter discusses only the calculation of short-circuit currents for evaluating the time-current performance of relays, fuses, low-voltage circuit breaker trip devices, and other protective equipment.
Another way of looking at short circuits is to consider the geometry of faults. Most modern power systems are three-phase and involve three power-carrying conductors. A fourth con- ductor, the neutral, may or may not carry load current depending upon the nature of the loads on the system. The number of conductors involved in the short circuit has a bearing on the severity of the fault as measured by the magnitude of short-circuit current; normally, a fault involving all three-phase conductors called the three-phase fault is considered the most severe.
Other geometries include single phase-to-ground faults, phase-to-phase faults, double phase-to-ground faults, and open conductors. Z s and Z c are the impedances of the source and circuit, respectively, while Z l is the impedance of the load. The load imped- ance is generally the largest of the three, and it is the principle determinant of the current magnitude.
Load impedance is also predominantly resistive, with the result that load current tends to be nearly in phase with the driving voltage. A short circuit may be thought of as a conductor that shorts some of the impedances in the network while leaving others unchanged. Industry demands reliable electrical systems to avoid costly downtime. This book is valuable to the power-oriented engineer with limited industrial-plant experience.
It can also serve as a reference for engineers responsible for the electrical design of industrial facilities. The IEEE Red Book enables the engineer to better understand the special requirements of industrial facilities and the codes that govern them.
It is not intended, however, as a replacement for the many excellent engineering texts and handbooks commonly in use, nor is it detailed enough to be a design manual. It should be considered a guide and general reference on electrical design for industrial plants and buildings. The IEEE Red Book provides detailed procedures for planning the electric power distribution system of an industrial plant.
Moreover, it provides complete information on electrical design criteria to ensure safety and preservation of property. Tables, charts, and other information that have been extracted from codes, standards, and other technical literature are included in this paper for illustrative purposes. Information on system planning, voltage considerations, short-circuit current calculations, protection, grounding, and harmonics are a few of the issues addressed in this book.
No other publication contains more useful, authoritative information on electrical design for industrial facilities. A thorough investigation of grounding problems, and the methods for solving these problems, is presented. In presenting these problems and solutions to electrical engineers worldwide, the IEEE Green Book provides a basic framework for applying fundamental principles to specific work situations and applications. The problems of system grounding, which include connection to ground of neutral, of the corner of the delta, or of the midtap of one phase, are covered.
The advantages and disadvantages of grounded versus ungrounded systems are discussed. Information is given on how to ground the system, where the system should be grounded, and how to select equipment for the grounding of neutral circuits.
Methods for connecting the frames and enclosures of electrical equipment to the ground system are addressed. The fundamentals of making the interconnection between the electrical equipment and ground rods, water pipes, etc. Even problems relating to static electricity and lightning, as well as sensitive electronic equipment, are covered in the IEEE Green Book. The IEEE Gray Book offers information to help engineers to better understand any special requirements and codes that govern electrical systems in commercial facilities.
The IEEE Gray Book provides extensive information on each of the various specialized subjects involved in planning the power system of a new or modernized commercial structure. It is a helpful resource for the power-oriented engineer with limited commercial-building experience. This comprehensive source will alert the electrical engineer or designer to the many problems encountered in designing electrical systems for commercial buildings.
Extensive information is presented on many different aspects of electrical systems. Information is given on load requirements, voltage considerations, power sources, and distribution systems from the point of view of power distribution.
Once power enters the commercial facility, other issues such as services, vaults, electrical equipment rooms, wiring systems, system protection and coordination, lighting, and electric space conditioning become pertinent, and are addressed. Additional issues associated with the commercial facility covered in the IEEE Gray Book include transportation, communication systems planning, facility automation, expansion, modernization, rehabilitation, special occupancy requirements, and energy management.
The IEEE Buff Book deals with the proper selection, application, and coordination of the components that constitute system protection for industrial plants and commercial buildings. The IEEE Buff Book presents complete information on protection and coordination principles designed to protect industrial and commercial power systems against any abnormalities that could reasonably be expected to occur during the course of system operation.
The information is arranged in a convenient step-by-step format for easy comprehension. It is a valuable sourcebook for use at the system design stage, as well as in the modification of existing operations for better system protection. In achieving this goal, certain design features must be utilized. One of the main design features involves the rapid isolation of the affected portion of the system, while maintaining normal operation elsewhere.
Another design feature reduces the short-circuit current to minimize damage to the system, its components, and the utilization equipment it supplies.
Yet another design feature provides alternate circuits, automatic throwovers, and automatic reclosing devices. Furthermore, these managers demand assurance of maximum return on capital investments in the power system. Power system studies are used to ensure that this maximum return is achieved, and the IEEE Brown Book is a valuable source of information about the purposes of, and techniques involved in, power system studies. The IEEE Brown Book ties together the essential fundamentals of power system studies; the most common studies for design or operation of a power system; and basic computational methods, including key information on the various types of computer systems and their requirements.