Learning Outcomes and Curriculum Links. Page 2. Overview of learning outcomes and links to UK curriculums. The Domesday Book: Background Information. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Domesday Book by Edgar Lee Masters Read this book online: HTML. The nine-hundredth centenary of the compilation of Domesday Book has made it the focus of For historians of government, Domesday Book represents in.
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Domesday Book. What can we learn about England in the 11th Century? 2. Lesson at a Glance. Suitable For: KS3, KS2. Time Period: Medieval Domesday Book is one of the most famous historical records held by The National .. Focus on Domesday contains a glossary and there is a printable pdf . The first online copy of Domesday Book of search for your town or village in Domesday Book, find population and tax records, and see the original.
Three sources discuss the goal of the survey: The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle tells why it was ordered:  After this had the king a large meeting, and very deep consultation with his council, about this land; how it was occupied, and by what sort of men. Then sent he his men over all England into each shire; commissioning them to find out 'How many hundreds of hides were in the shire, what land the king himself had, and what stock upon the land; or, what dues he ought to have by the year from the shire. And all the recorded particulars were afterwards brought to him. The list of questions asked of the jurors was recorded in the Inquisitio Eliensis. The contents of Domesday Book and the allied records mentioned above. The primary purpose of the survey was to ascertain and record the fiscal rights of the king. These were mainly: the national land-tax geldum , paid on a fixed assessment, certain miscellaneous dues, and the proceeds of the crown lands.
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Log in to Wiley Online Library. download Instant Access. View Preview. The Harrying of the North in under William laid waste to as much as a quarter of the land in the northern counties.
The countryside was scorched and villages were razed to the ground. It took generations to recover from this offensive. Evidence of William's harrying is the short entry for the northern county of Staffordshire. At 10 pages, it is the third shortest entry with only three towns.
Domesday Book has been rebound at least five times. This picture shows Great Domesday after its binding for its ninth centenary in Only a handful of settlements in the historical county of Cumberland were included in Domesday and these are found in Yorkshire's entry. Lancashire, Rutland and Westmorland were not established as counties until the late s; their holdings are found within other entries.
Lancashire's holdings for Domesday are included in both Cheshire's and Yorkshire's entries. The historical county of Rutland had its holdings listed as an appendix under the name "Roteland" to the Nottinghamshire section of Domesday.
The entries for Westmorland are included with Yorkshire's holdings. London and Winchester were also excluded from Domesday. Two pages in the Middlesex section are left blank where London, already the largest and richest town, might have been inserted, and Winchester, as the capital of England, could have enjoyed tax-free status excluding it from the survey. Some holdings and other towns are omitted or lost.
Additionally, misspellings make some entries difficult to distinguish. Several estates were also listed with the wrong county and some were included in the correct county and repeated in another county. Many villages appear twice as they belonged to more than one landholder. Given their prominence in society, it is interesting to note churches are largely ignored in Domesday. Apart from the archbishops and bishops listed as tenants-in-chief, monks and nuns are omitted and churches are hardly mentioned in the survey.
This might have been because the Church's records were available to the Crown. It might have also been because such records were not needed. Church lands were not subject to feudal dues. Taxes were paid on land upon marriage or inheritance.
Such taxes obviously would not apply to the Church. Such lands were considered mortmain meaning "in a dead hand". Holdings in Wales are also included in Domesday as the boundary between England and Wales was not fixed in the s. England held part of the northern coast of present-day Wales and these holdings are included in the entry for Cheshire.
To the south, Shropshire also has several Welsh holdings in its Domesday entry. In the s and 80s, Welsh raids ravaged Shropshire and the resulting destruction is mentioned in Domesday. The Domesday entry for Gloucestershire has five Welsh holdings located on the south coast. A total of Welsh places appear in Domesday. What Does Domesday Tell Us? Domesday is a very important document for understanding Norman England. Domesday reveals a country changed by the Norman invasion 20 years earlier, although Normans made up less than one percent of the population.
William granted lands directly to fewer than men in his reign, making them his tenants-in-chief. The dominance of the Normans is evident in Domesday by the extent of their holdings. Less than people, hardly any native to the land, controlled most of England. William and his family held around 17 percent of the land, with the Church holding just over a quarter of the land and the tenants-in-chief holding 54 percent.
This page from Great Domesday shows the entry for the New Forest, which was treated separately from its mother county of Hampshire.
The population in Domesday - including the omissions and errors - is estimated at one and a half million. Domesday was not a census and people were not usually named unless tenants-in-chief. The humbler classes were counted and women rarely appear. The properties of the two queens reverted to the Crown upon their deaths.
In the Danelaw counties, there were a large number of freemen a higher class of villager, with more land and obligations , while in the West Midlands, there were a large number of slaves. Several interesting occupations are recorded in Domesday, including one female jester and one gold embroidress.
Sixteen beekeepers and one vine dresser are also recorded; England's climate was milder then and there were 45 vineyards recorded in Domesday.
Interestingly, there is only one carpenter recorded. The landscape of England in was very different to what one sees today. Large areas along the coasts were undrained marsh and swampy river deltas. Why did the barons accede to it?
The Domesday survey was completed with astonishing speed — within six months of the Gloucester council. So what was in it for them? Something that they had yearned for throughout the long period during which England had been colonised was security of title.
The Domesday inquest created a great public stage on which to act out the ritual completion of the process of colonisation, and the records of the inquest constituted unassailable title to those loyal to the king.
In other words, the Domesday survey was a hard-nosed deal between the king and his barons. That deal was sealed at Old Sarum. This extraordinary event was most likely the climax to the Domesday survey. Exon Domesday was written at Old Sarum, and it was almost certainly there that all the records of the survey were delivered to the king. That was enough to persuade them to swear allegiance and pay homage to the king.
They did so in return for the land that William had granted them — with those rights now enshrined in the greatest charter of confirmation ever made in the medieval world. Why is Domesday Book so important? It is the earliest English document preserved by the government that created it. But its importance extends well beyond the origins of English red tape. Domesday Book is the most complete survey of a pre-industrial society anywhere in the world.
It enables us to reconstruct the politics, government, society and economy of 11th-century England with greater precision than is possible for almost any other pre-modern polity. Does Domesday Book help explain the causes of the Norman conquest? It certainly proves that pre-Conquest England was rich and effectively administered.
Forget those ideas. The population was large — there were at least two million people in Domesday England.
The landscape was intensively exploited. About 90 per cent of places on the modern map of England south of the Tees are recorded in Domesday Book. There was also heavy investment in agriculture. That was enough to cultivate about 3. A survey in reveals the cultivated area in England was then about 3. So there may have been almost as much land under plough by as at the start of the First World War.
Domesday Book also proves England was tightly governed. The survey could not have been made without the machinery of government that the Anglo-Saxons bequeathed to the Normans.
It confirms that England possessed a sophisticated system of coinage, an effective system of taxation, a hierarchy of public courts and a robust system of justice. But that is precisely why Duke William risked everything to invade England in What does Domesday Book reveal about the impact of the Normans in England? It provides irrefutable testimony to the fact that the Normans exploited the windfall of by displacing the English elite and extorting the peasantry.
The English nobility was virtually wiped out. Just 13 of them were English. The kingdom was now dominated by a new class of super-rich Frenchmen gorging on their success.
He kept no check on what he gave or received. His hunting was a daily devastation of his lands, for he thought more highly of followers and hunters than husbandmen or monks. A slave to gluttony, he staggered under a mountain of fat, scarcely able to move. Some English landholders continued to hold property in reduced circumstances as subtenants, but even they were in a small minority.