3 days ago PDF | This study aims to investigate students' rules and practices in how they maintain speaking fluency. Six students were the participants in. Richard Hallows: Learners of English often worry about speaking like a native speaker. .. When you speak English fluently, you are fluent (in, at, with) it. 3. (Do you speak English?) I speak a little English. (I speak a little English.) Have you lived here long? (Have you lived here long?) I have lived here two years.
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1 Topographic Surface Anatomy. STUDY AIMS. At the end of your study, you should be able to: Identify the key landmarks. To improve English speaking, the best thing to do is to talk with a native speaker. Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can Even people fluent in two or more languages have trouble switching. Why is automatic fluent speech important? Itʼs important because automatic English speaking is the key to getting results with English. Automatic speaking.
How to be fluent in English in 5 steps Wil Becoming fluent in English can seem like a daunting task. However, like any journey, the most difficult part is often taking the first step. Follow these five easy steps to make your English sound more fluent starting today. Smile and breathe No matter what your level of English, confidence is vital. When you speak English, smiling will make you feel more confident.
You can do this anywhere, anytime. Even try to use an English-to-English dictionary to look up words. That way you never have to use your native language and translate words. Read out loud, too. Use a Mirror Whenever you can, take a few minutes out of your day to stand in front of the mirror and speak. Choose a topic, set a timer for two or three minutes and just talk. The point of this exercise is to watch your mouth, face and body language as you speak.
Talk for the full two or three minutes. You can always look up how to say that word after the two to three minutes end. This will definitely help you find out what kinds of words or sentences you have trouble with. The more you stop, the less confident you sound and the less comfortable you become. Try the mirror exercise above, but challenge yourself to speak without stopping or stammering taking pauses between your words the entire time.
You can fill in the correct grammar and word rules as you learn them better. Word games like this will help you find the right placement for your mouth and tongue, and can even help your pronunciation. Use them to improve your fluency. Choose a short part of a show and repeat it line by line. Try to match the tone, speed and even the accent if you can.
Try to sound just like the native speakers on the show. FluentU is a great way to practice listening and repeating. This makes listening and repeating even easier. Just turn off the subtitles when you want a challenge! FluentU helps you learn fast with useful questions and multiple examples.
Learn more. At FluentU, you can decide how you learn. The more you listen to this authentic English, the better you will understand how to speak English naturally. Pay Attention to Stressed Sounds English uses stresses in words and sentences.
Listen to where native speakers place the emphasis when they speak.
Try to repeat it the same way to improve English stress in your own speech. Sometimes the placing the stress on the wrong syllable completely changes the word. Learn to hear the difference! Sing Along to English Songs Singing along to your favorite English songs will help you become more fluent. Once you can sing along to Taylor Swift and Jason Mraz , you can test your skills with something a bit more difficult: rap!
Rap is a great way to practice English because often the words are spoken like regular sentences. You wouldnt drink it. You shouldnt shout. You mustnt open the can. You shouldve read it. You canve it. Hes out of the town. He isnt in the room. Hes returned to house. He hasnt gone to the market. Hed written a poem. He hadnt spoken to them. Hell write a letter. He wont learn his lesson.
Hed beat the child. He not as Haznt as well as Hazn. Similarly, They are can be pronounced as Thear or Thea and so on. He doesnt have any book. He didnt say it. He couldnt appear for test. He willve finished his task. He ought to have a pen.
He wasnt there. He didnt play well. He hasnt finished his work.
Shes a good girl. She isnt a good player. Shes a beautiful woman. She hasnt any good book. Shed sung a sweet song. She hadnt any good dress. Shell dance in a group. She wont sing any song. Shed give thanks to them.
She wouldnt receive them. She couldve done it. She doesnt like ice-cream. She wasnt in the room. She hasnt broken it. Its me. It isnt me. It isnt good. It isnt mine. Its a coin. It hasnt any coin. Itd interesting poems. It hadnt good pictures. Itll be better. It wont be nice.
Itd be good to listen them. It wouldnt be better to leave it. Were too tired. We arent lazy.
Weve our books with us. We havent money at all. Wed lost our box. We hadnt run on the grass. Well drink chilled water. We wont go to the movie. Wed like to swim in the pool. We wouldnt like to see movie. We werent playing.
We dont like it. We havent gone there. We shallve written the letters. We werent present there. We havent received cheques. Theyre very crazy. They arent foolish. Theyve their note books. They havent their luggages. Theyd a little car. They hadnt match boxes. Theyll slip in the mud. They wont climb on the tree. Theyd write a letter. They wouldnt read their books. They arent there. They mightnt to fight.
They wouldve returned till They mightve given it. They arent painter. Thats good. That isnt good. Thatre beautiful. That arent interesting. Thats sense.
That hasnt any meaning. Thatve nothing to say.
That havent any common sense. Thatd some logic. That hadnt any logic. Thatll prove a good bet. That wont be a fair deal. Thatd do some magic. That wouldnt be useful. Heres your money bag. Here isnt your book. Herere some good novels. Here arent good flowers. Here isnt any plant. Theres a nice park.
Therere so many pots. There arent many people. Theres been a film show. There hasnt been any club. Thereve been a film show. There havent been a large crowd.
Therell be an essay competition. There wont be any puppet show. Thered be my singing. There wouldnt be my play. Hows your mother? Howre your brothers? Hows she slipped on floor? Howve they reached there? Howd he attend the party? Howll you send the money? Whats your name? Whatre your qualifications?
Whats driven you here? Whatve you missed in the park? Whatd she lost? Whatll be there? Whatll happen after it? Whatd be the price of that? What dyou do? Wheres my watch? Wherere your books? Wheres she gone? Whereve they played? Wherell you be? Whered be the next show? Whos incharge here? Whore the players? Whos broken it? Whove won the match? Wholl bat first? Whod be the captain? Whens the next train? Whenre her sisters coming?
Whens the course finished? Whenve the ministers visited? Whenll you come? Whend she appear for the interview? Neednt to go. Poor vocabulary can also create speech hardship for you, and you can be deprived of your expected results. It is, therefore, very necessary for you to build up a Vocabulary Bank upon that you can bank faithfully.
The base of the vocabulary bank is Central Words or Core Words. So, you are required to make your close relations with these words. Yes, it is an indispensable tool to gain required fluency. Now you can ask what are these Central words or Core words? To understand the Core words, pick your dictionary and find out how many pages it contains. For example, Chambers 20th Century Dictionary Edition contains pages of main words-pronunciationsmeanings part, and each page contains about 40 words.
It means there are more than 61, 40 words in English language as per the dictionary. And you can very well apprise that it is very difficult to be acquainted with all these words even for a well educated person. A well educated person too would not be able to recognise more than 20, words while he reads. Thus, his reading vocabulary limits at about 20, words. Can you tell how many words he would be able to use in writing out of these 20, words.
Hardly about 5, or 6, or upto the maximum extent of 10, words. Now you just think, out of these 5, to 10, words, how many words he would be able to use in his speech. Hardly about 2, words. Because words other than these 2, words are not very familiar to the organs of speech of even well educated person or an Englishman. Do you know the main reason behind it? The reason behind it is that he generally encounters with mostly words in writing only.
If that person thinks to speak words more than these 2, words, the listener can mark down him as crazy. That is why, in the course of conversation, no person tries to speak very technical or archaic words.
These words are meant only for reading and writing. Hence, you will rarely listen someone saying He is suffering with Icterus instead of He is suffer-ing with Jaundice. Thus, you can say that the speech vocabulary of a well educated or an Englishman is about 2, words. This vocabulary of frequently used words is called Central Words or Core Words vocabulary.
You should not under-mine this vocabulary of about 2, words that it is very short and can be easily mastered. You have to do subs-tantial efforts to make with it.
And once these Central words are mastered, you can combine the words among themselves in different style and can generate numerous idea-units or word-groups. Core words are the treasure of great generative skill that can give you gift thereof. You are supposed to grasp these Central words, and you would have a Ready to Use Vocabulary created with some of these Core words.
The Central words or Core words have been segregated in two groups, i. Therefore, in the Mono-syllabic words, there is no need to have stress on them. The syllable that you have to stress is the word itself. Now, let yourself acquaint with the mono-syllabic words. Frequently Used Mono-syllabic Words A a, ache, act, add, age, aid, aim, air, all, am, an, and,..
B back, bad, bag, bake, bald, ball, ban, band, bang, bank, bar, bare, bark, base, bath, bathe, be, beach, beak, beam, bean, bear, beard, beast, beat, bed, bee, beef, beer, beg, bell, belt, bench, bend, best, bet, bid, big, bike, bill, bind, bird, birth, bit, bite, blab, black, blade, blame, blank, blaze, bleed, blend, bless, blind, blink, block, blood, blot, blow, blue, blunt, blush, board, boast, boat, boil, bold, bomb, bone, book, boot, bore, born, boss, both, bound, bow, bowl, box, boy, brain, branch, brand, brass, brave, breach, bread, breadth, break, breast, breath, breathe, breed, breeze, bribe, brick, bride, bridge, brief, bright, bring, broad, brook, broom, brow, brown, bruise, brush, bud, bug, build, bulb, bull, bump, bunch, burn, burst, bus, bush, but, download, by.
C cage, cake, calf, call, calm, camp, can, cane, cant, cap, car, card, care, cart, carve, case, cash, cast, caste, cat, catch, cause, cave, cease, cell, chain, chair, chalk, chance, change, chap, charge, charm, chart, chase, chat, cheap, cheat, check, cheek, cheer, cheese, cheque, chess, chest, chew, chief, child, chill, chime, chin, chip, choice, choke, choose, chop, chum, ccite, claim, clap, clash, clasp, claw, clay, clean, clear, cleave, clench, clerk, click, climb, cling, clip, clock, close, cloud, clown, club, clue, clutch, coach, coal, coarse, coast, code, coil, coin, cold, comb, come, cone, cook, cool, cope, cord, cork, corn, corpse, cost, conch, cough, could, count, course, court, crack, craft, cramp, crash, crawl, craze, cream, creep, crew, crime, crisp, crop, cross, crow, crowd, crown, crush, crust, cry, cub, cuff, cup, cure, curl, curse, curve, cut.
D dam, damn, damp, dance, dare, dark, dash, date, dawn, day, days, dead, deaf, deal, dear, death, debt, deck, deed, deep, deer, den, dense, depth, desk, dew, die, dig, dim, dine, dip, dirt, dish, ditch, dive, do, dock, dodge, dog, doll, door, dose, dot, doubt, down, drag, drain, draw, dream, dress, drill, drink, drip, drive, drop, drown, drug, drum, drunk, dry, dub, duck, due, duet, dull, dump, dusk, dust, dwarf, dwell.
E each, ear, earn, earth, ease, east, eat, edge, egg, eight, else, end, err, eye. F face, fact, fade, fail, faint, fair, faith, fake, fall, false, fame, far, fare, farm, fast, fault, fear, feast, fee, feed, feel, fence, fetch, few, field, fierce, fifth, fight, file, fill, film, filth, find, fine, fire, firm, first, fish, fist, fit, fire, fix, flag, flame, flap, flash, flask, flat, flea, flee, fleet, flesh, flight, float, flock, flood, floor, flour, flow, flue, fluid, flush, fly, foam, fog, fold, folk, fond, food, fool, for, force, forge, fork, form, fort, foul, found, four, fourth, fox, frail, frame, frank, free, freeze, freight, fresh, fridge, friend, fright, frog, from, front, frost, frown, fruit, fry, fuel, full, fun, funds, fur, fuse.
G gab, gain, game, gang, gap, gape, gas, gasp, gate, gay, gaze, gear, get, ghost, giant, gift, girl, give, glad, glance, glare, glass, gleam, glide, glimpse, globe, glove, glow, glue, gnaw no , go, goal, God, gold, good, goods, grab, grace, grade, grain, grand, grant, grape, graph, grasp, grass, grave, graze, grease, great, greed, green, greet, grey, grief, grill, grim, grind, grip, groan, grope, ground, group, grow, growl, growth, grudge, grunt, guard, guess, guest, guide, guilt, gulf, gum, gust, guy gi.
H hail, hair, half, hall, halt, halve, hand, hang, hard, hare, harm, harsh, haste, hate, hatred, haul, haunt, have, hay, haze, he, head, heal, health, heap, hear, heart, heat, hedge, heed, heel, height, heir, hell, helm, help, hen, her, herd, here, hers, hide, high, hill, him, hint, hip, hire, his, hit, hive, hoarse, hoax, hoist, hold, hole, home, hook, hoot, hop, hope, horn, horse, hose, host, hour, house, how, howl, huge, hunt, hurt, hut.
I ice, if, ill, in, inch, ink, inn, is, it, its, itch. J jack, jail, jam, jar, jaw, jazz, jet, job, jog, join, joint, joke, joy, judge, jug, juice, jump, just.
K keen, keep, key, kick, kid, kill, kin, kind, king, kiss, kit, kite, kith, knee, kneed, kneel, knife, knit, knock, knot, know. L lace, lack, lad, lag, lake, lamb, lame, lamp, lance, land, lane, lap, large, last, late, laugh, launch, law, lawn, lay, lead, leaf, leak, lean, learn, least, leave, left, leg, lend, length, lense, lent, less, lest, let, liar, lick, lid, lie, life, lift, light, like, limb, lime, limp, line, link, lion, lip, lisp, list, live, load, loaf, loan, lock, lodge, log, long, look, loose, lord, lose looz , loss, lot, loud, lounge, love, low, luck, lump, lunch, lung, lux.
M mab, mad, maid, mail, main, maize, make, male, man, map, march, mark, marsh, mask, mass, mat, match, mate, may, me, meal, mean, means, meat, meet, melt, men, mend, mere, mesh, mess, midst, might, mild, mile, milk, mill, mince, mind, mine, miss, mist, mix, moan, mob, mock, mode, moist, mole, monk, month, mood, moon, more, mosque, most, moth, mount, mourn, mouse, mouth, move, mow, much, mud, mug, mule, mum, muse, must, mute, myth.
N nab, nail, name, naught, near, neat, neck, need, neigh na , nerve, nest, net, new, news, next, nice, nick, niece, night, nil, nine, ninth, no, nod, noise, none, noon, nor, norm, north, nose, not, note, noun, now, nun, nurse, nut, nymph.