Human Factors Design Guidelines for Multifunction Displays. 6. erforming Organization Human Factors Design Handbook (Woodson,. Tillman, & Tillman. View Table of Contents for Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics Human Factors Engineering and Systems Design (Pages: ). Human Factors Design Handbook [Wesley Woodson, Peggy Tillman, Barry Tillman] on portal7.info *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Practical guidelines.
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Human Factors Design Handbook Wesley Woodson, Peggy Tillman, Barry Tillman This Human Factors Design Handbook book is not really ordinary book , you have it then the world is in your hands. Tillman ebook PDF download. Human. Handbook of human factors and ergonomics/edited by Gavriel Salvendy. — 4th ed. His main research deals with the human aspects of design, operation. Foreword. The Human Factors Design Guide (HFDG) for Acquisition of practice is consistent with metric standard and handbook sources.
The components of this system are the person s involved in health management e. Interactions are represented by the double arrows in the model. A diabetes management example can be used to illustrate the model. In this case, we examine the interactions involved when an older man with diabetes uses a glucometer in his home to track his glucose level with the goal of maintaining his serum blood glucose within recommended limits in order to prevent complications. The man performing the task may have low health literacy, visual problems, and some mild cognitive impairment, and his caregiver may be his wife, who is close to him in age.
Chapter 4 presents several examples of this methodology. In health care, many tasks, especially those relying on the use of technology, draw heavily on cognitive capabilities with users required to receive, understand, evaluate, and act on information. For these, one might perform a cognitive task analysis, which can be conceptualized as task analysis applied to the cognitive domain. In this case the demands focus on the knowledge structures e.
Often, the analysis is performed by assuming a computational model of the relevant cognitive processes, and the specific analysis approaches depend on the model adopted. Many techniques are used for the collection of task data, including observation, interviews, questionnaires, and review of instruction manuals. The human factors literature is often used to find the range of capabilities in the appropriate population to compare with the task demands.
These tests may take the form of focus groups or usability testing with early mock-ups or mid-stage prototypes or final system components. Often in usability testing, a variety of prototypes or mock-ups are used. For example, in the early stages of usability testing, two-dimensional representations of a device or user interface a graphical, nonfunctioning version of a system or storyboards that describe in a series of images the steps involved in execution of a task may be used, whereas working prototype devices or fully interactive systems may be used in later stages of testing.
Frequently, especially in software engineering, human factors specialists use iterative prototyping, involving a series of tests with rough prototypes and short revision cycles National Research Council, In usability testing it is important to ensure that the participants are representative of the anticipated user groups and that the data collection techniques capture both the demands associated with the activities they will be performing and the relevant environmental contexts.
This is especially important with respect to health care systems for the home, for which the potential user groups are broad and diverse. Usability metrics include measures of effectiveness e.
Sources of Human Factors Data Human factors specialists rely on a variety of sources of information to guide their involvement in the design process.
This may initially include review of the existing literature, data compendiums, and design standards and guidelines. Databases that contain information on human capabilities are also available e. The document provides human dimension data and explains proper techniques for applying these data, which may vary depending on the complexity of the population to be accommodated.
The guide includes a long list of resources and references Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, In addition, a number of design standards and guidelines are available to guide the design process of medical devices and systems see Chapter 5. This includes the initial design of systems and system components to avoid problems and deficiencies, as well as the diagnosis and identification of problems with existing systems.
Thus, the concepts and methods of human factors have broad applicability to health care in the home. For example, human factors techniques can be applied to the design of health care equipment and technologies, such as medication dispensers, glucometers, nebulizers, blood pressure monitors, telemedicine technologies, and software interfaces for Internet health applications.
These techniques can also be applied to the design of instruction manuals and training programs to ensure that individuals or their caregivers have the information and skills they need to operate equipment and perform health care tasks. Human factors techniques can be used to inform the design of a home environment to ensure that lighting, layout, and space are adequate for the tasks being performed or the design of a neighborhood to help ensure that there is adequate and effective signage.
Human factors approaches are also relevant to the design of jobs for health care workers.
For example, human factors methods can be used to determine workflow, to coordinate work, to maintain scheduling and communication protocols, and to determine work requirements to ensure worker productivity, safety, and health. Human factors can have input into the broader organizational environment to help design and implement safety programs, certification protocols, or program evaluation methods.
In fact, the goals of human factors are commensurate with the goals stated in the report Crossing the Quality Chasm Institute of Medicine, for health system reform: safety, effectiveness, patient-centeredness, timeliness, efficiency, and equality.
There are numerous examples in the health care domain in which the application of human factors has resulted in reduced errors and cost, increased safety, efficiency, and effectiveness, and personal satisfaction. These examples include efforts to enhance safety and reduce medical errors e.
Human factors methods have also been applied to the design of medical equipment and devices e. This is in contrast to a more traditional reductionist approach, which focuses on one component of a system in isolation from the other components.
Using a traditional approach, the focus is typically on the physical or technical components of a system, with little regard for the human. For example, glucometer or medication instructions may be designed without considering how the persons using these instructions might vary in terms of age, cognitive and sensory capabilities, English literacy, health literacy, or stage of illness acceptance.
For example, such errors could include lapses in performing health promotion and disease prevention behaviors, not adhering to a prescribed treatment, ignoring warning signs of complications, and not sharing important information about health history, symptoms, or response to treatment with caregivers.
Other examples include potentially life-threatening events, such as misreading output from health monitoring equipment, altering equipment settings, turning off alarms, sustaining injuries due to poor body mechanics during lifting and transfers, or continuing intravenous IV antibiotic infusion in a person who is showing signs of allergic reaction. There are many types of human error, and the causes and consequences of these errors vary. Some errors and their consequences are preventable via good device or environmental design, whereas others must be handled through procedural or administrative solutions or through user education and training.
They also require knowledge of whether the fit among these system elements is adequate. In summary, applying human factors knowledge and techniques to the design of health care systems intended for use in the home can make the systems safer, more effective, and more efficient.
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Soares Neville A. Government works International Standard Book Number eBook - PDF This book contains information obtained from authentic and highly regarded sources.
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Sala-Diakanda and Marcelo M. Young and Neville A. Gutierrez and Rosemary R. Seva and Martin G. Goonetilleke, Channa P. Rooden and H. As users, we expect these products, no matter how simple or complex, to perform their expected functions in a safe, reliable, and eficient manner.
Unfortunately, this is not always the case, as designing consumer products that satisfy human needs and expectations is not an easy task. The goal of the human-centered design paradigm as applied to consumer products is to improve levels of user satisfaction, eficiency of use, increase comfort, and assure safety under normal use as well as foreseeable misuse of the product.
It is in this context that we are very pleased to pres- ent the irst volume of the Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics in Consumer Product Design.
In this Handbook, consumer products are deined as those goods used by the general public without any special training, skills, or supervi- sion.
Consumers are individuals of any age, gender, or physical condition with varying educational, cultural, and economic backgrounds. Consumer products are usually used in or around the home, in a social setting, rather than in a workplace environment with commercial needs. These features include: ease of use, ability to learn product functions, eficiency, comfort, safety, and adaptability, all of which meet the needs and contribute to consumer satisfaction.
The Handbook also aims to provide a comprehensive source of infor- mation regarding new methods, techniques, and software applications for consumer product design.