“Are you the author of the plays of William Shakespeare?” . private faith as well as literary works, historical documents and cultural history. Nonfiction Excerpt 1: Biography of William Shakespeare. William Shakespeare ( –) was an English playwright, poet, and actor who lived during the. This resource was produced using documents from the collections of The National Archives. William Shakespeare, also known as the 'Bard', was born in .
|Language:||English, Spanish, French|
|ePub File Size:||28.33 MB|
|PDF File Size:||18.19 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Sign up for free]|
William. S h ak esp eare: an overview of his life, times, and work an NAC English Theatre company format of its educational materials. We would William Shakespeare: Who was he, and why do we study him? .. William. Shakespeare (). England's genius. Compact Performer he was born in Stratford-Upon-Avon, on 23rd April ;his father was a glove-. Shakespeare was born and brought up in Stratford-upon-Avon. Life. Early life. William Shakespeare was the son of John Shakespeare, an alderman and a The document is now lost, however, and scholars differ as to its authenticity.
Stratford-upon-Avon, England English dramatist and poet The English playwright, poet, and actor William Shakespeare was a popular dramatist. He was born six years after Queen Elizabeth I — ascended the throne, in the height of the English Renaissance. He found in the theater of London a medium just coming into its own and an audience eager to reward talents of the sort he possessed. He is generally acknowledged to be the greatest of English writers and one of the most extraordinary creators in human history. His mother, Mary Arden, was the daughter of a wealthy landowner from a neighboring village.
Hathaway was from Shottery, a small village a mile west of Stratford.
William was 18 and Anne was 26, and, as it turns out, pregnant. Their first child, a daughter they named Susanna, was born on May 26, Two years later, on February 2, , twins Hamnet and Judith were born. Hamnet later died of unknown causes at age Scholars call this period the "lost years," and there is wide speculation on what he was doing during this period.
One theory is that he might have gone into hiding for poaching game from the local landlord, Sir Thomas Lucy. Another possibility is that he might have been working as an assistant schoolmaster in Lancashire.
It's generally believed he arrived in London in the mid- to late s and may have found work as a horse attendant at some of London's finer theaters, a scenario updated centuries later by the countless aspiring actors and playwrights in Hollywood and Broadway.
The King's Men By the early s, documents show William Shakespeare was a managing partner in the Lord Chamberlain's Men, an acting company in London with which he was connected for most of his career. Considered the most important troupe of its time, the company changed its name to the King's Men following the crowning of King James I in From all accounts, the King's Men company was very popular.
Records show that Shakespeare had works published and sold as popular literature. Although the theater culture in 16th century England was not highly admired by people of high rank, some of the nobility were good patrons of the performing arts and friends of the actors.
Actor and Playwright By , there is evidence William Shakespeare earned a living as an actor and a playwright in London and possibly had several plays produced. The September 20, edition of the Stationers' Register a guild publication includes an article by London playwright Robert Greene that takes a few jabs at William Shakespeare: " There is an upstart Crow, beautified with our feathers, that with his Tiger's heart wrapped in a Player's hide, supposes he is as well able to bombast out a blank verse as the best of you: and being an absolute Johannes factotum, is in his own conceit the only Shake-scene in a country," Greene wrote of Shakespeare.
Scholars differ on the interpretation of this criticism, but most agree that it was Greene's way of saying Shakespeare was reaching above his rank, trying to match better known and educated playwrights like Christopher Marlowe , Thomas Nashe or Greene himself.
Early in his career, Shakespeare was able to attract the attention of Henry Wriothesley, the Earl of Southampton, to whom he dedicated his first and second published poems: "Venus and Adonis" and "The Rape of Lucrece" By , Shakespeare had already written and published 15 of his 37 plays.
Civil records show that at this time he purchased the second-largest house in Stratford, called New House, for his family.
It was a four-day ride by horse from Stratford to London, so it's believed that Shakespeare spent most of his time in the city writing and acting and came home once a year during the day Lenten period, when the theaters were closed. Globe Theater By , William Shakespeare and his business partners built their own theater on the south bank of the Thames River, which they called the Globe Theater.
In , Shakespeare purchased leases of real estate near Stratford for pounds, which doubled in value and earned him 60 pounds a year. This made him an entrepreneur as well as an artist, and scholars believe these investments gave him the time to write his plays uninterrupted. Main article: Life of William Shakespeare Early life William Shakespeare was the son of John Shakespeare , an alderman and a successful glover glove-maker originally from Snitterfield , and Mary Arden , the daughter of an affluent landowning farmer.
His actual date of birth remains unknown, but is traditionally observed on 23 April, Saint George's Day. Grammar schools varied in quality during the Elizabethan era, but grammar school curricula were largely similar: the basic Latin text was standardised by royal decree,   and the school would have provided an intensive education in grammar based upon Latin classical authors.
The consistory court of the Diocese of Worcester issued a marriage licence on 27 November The next day, two of Hathaway's neighbours posted bonds guaranteeing that no lawful claims impeded the marriage.
It features a spear as a pun on the family name. The exception is the appearance of his name in the "complaints bill" of a law case before the Queen's Bench court at Westminster dated Michaelmas Term and 9 October Nicholas Rowe , Shakespeare's first biographer, recounted a Stratford legend that Shakespeare fled the town for London to escape prosecution for deer poaching in the estate of local squire Thomas Lucy.
Shakespeare is also supposed to have taken his revenge on Lucy by writing a scurrilous ballad about him. As used here, Johannes Factotum "Jack of all trades" refers to a second-rate tinkerer with the work of others, rather than the more common "universal genius". Biographers suggest that his career may have begun any time from the mids to just before Greene's remarks.
In , the partnership also took over the Blackfriars indoor theatre. Extant records of Shakespeare's property purchases and investments indicate that his association with the company made him a wealthy man,  and in , he bought the second-largest house in Stratford, New Place , and in , invested in a share of the parish tithes in Stratford.
In , the year before he bought New Place as his family home in Stratford, Shakespeare was living in the parish of St. Helen's, Bishopsgate , north of the River Thames. There, he rented rooms from a French Huguenot named Christopher Mountjoy, a maker of ladies' wigs and other headgear. Retirement from all work was uncommon at that time.
Mountjoy , a court case concerning the marriage settlement of Mountjoy's daughter, Mary. No extant contemporary source explains how or why he died. They tried to renegotiate the lease on the land, but Allen again refused. One night, several members of the company dismantled the Theatre and moved the timber across the Thames River to another spot.
There they built a new theatre called the Globe Theatre.
It could house up to 3, spectators and had a uniquely designed stage with a painted ceiling, columns, and stage wall. They had specially trained musicians who made special effects noises during the plays. They even had a cannon that fired blanks.
Later Plays Many of Shakespeare's greatest plays were written in the last half of his career. His success in the theatre, as well as his investments in land and the Globe, made Shakespeare a wealthy man. He purchased a large home in Stratford for his family called New Place.
Poetry Shakespeare also became famous for his poetry. His most famous poem of the time was Venus and Adonis. He also wrote poems called sonnets. A book of of Shakespeare's sonnets was published in