DANTE ALIGHIERI THE DIVINE COMEDY VOLUME II PURGATORY TRANSLATED Purgatorio (Dante Alighieri) q. quaestio resp. respondeo Summa theol. Page 1. Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7. Page 8. Page 9. Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Project Gutenberg's The Vision of Purgatory, Complete, by Dante Alighieri This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no.
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JOSEF NYGRIN. PDF PREPARATION AND TYPESETTING . “Pythagoras escapes, in the fabulous hell of Dante,” says Sir Thomas. Browne, Urn Burial IV., . Bit earlier than promised, I’ve finished the Paradiso, so I bring you complete Dante Alighieri’s Divine Comedy in PDF for free download, as 3 separate eBooks – Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. Dante Alighieri’s Divine Comedy – Inferno (MB) This entry was posted in. As mentioned few days ago, in my post Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy - Inferno , PDF version available, I bring you Dante's Divine Comedy.
The second part of the poem begins with the invocation to the Muses to accompany his song. Dawn approaches and he feels renewed as he sees four stars into the heavens. Then he sees a dignified old man standing near him: Cato of Utica. He questions Dante end Virgil as he thinks they escaped from Hell. Virgil explains purpose of Dante's journey, and why He is still a still living man doing this journey. Cato, then, instructs Virgil to make sure Dante gets cleansed with a reed.
The first of the sins is Pride. Dante and Virgil begin to ascend this terrace shortly after 9 AM. The first example is of the Annunciation to the Virgin Mary , where she responds to the angel Gabriel with the words Ecce ancilla Dei "Behold the handmaid of the Lord," Luke . An example of humility from classical history is the Emperor Trajan , who, according to a medieval legend, once stopped his journey to render justice to a poor widow Canto X.
Also associated with humility is an expanded version of the Lord's Prayer : Our Father, You who dwell within the heavens but are not circumscribed by them out of Your greater love for Your first works above, Praised be Your name and Your omnipotence, by every creature, just as it is seemly to offer thanks to Your sweet effluence.
Your kingdom's peace come unto us, for if it does not come, then though we summon all our force, we cannot reach it of our selves. Just as Your angels, as they sing Hosanna, offer their wills to You as sacrifice, so may men offer up their wills to You. Give unto us this day the daily manna without which he who labors most to move ahead through this harsh wilderness falls back.
Even as we forgive all who have done us injury, may You, benevolent, forgive, and do not judge us by our worth. Try not our strength, so easily subdued, against the ancient foe, but set it free from him who goads it to perversity.
As they walk around the terrace, they are able to profit from the sculpted examples of humility. Oderisi of Gubbio is an example of pride in achievements — he was a noted artist of illuminated manuscripts.
In Canto XIII, Dante points out, with "frank self-awareness,"  that pride is also a serious flaw of his own: "I fear much more the punishment below; my soul is anxious, in suspense; already I feel the heavy weights of the first terrace"  After his conversations with the proud, Dante notes further sculptures on the pavement below, this time illustrating pride itself.
The poets reach the stairway to the second terrace at noon. Dante is surprised to discover that climbing now seems easier than it did before.
Virgil tells him that one of the initials has been removed from his forehead by the angel and that the effort will be increasingly lessened as he climbs higher. Dante compares the stairway to the easy ascent from the Rubiconte, a bridge in Florence, up to San Miniato al Monte , overlooking the city.
Second terrace Envy [ edit ] Dante's classical example of generosity is the friendship between Orestes and Pylades. According to Cicero 's De Amicitia , Pylades pretended to be Orestes in order to save his friend from execution, Canto Envy is the sin that "looks with grudging hatred upon other men's gifts and good fortune, taking every opportunity to run them down or deprive them of their happiness".
There is, as in all the other terraces, an episode from the life of the Virgin Mary ; this time, the scene from the Life of the Virgin is the Wedding at Cana , in which she expresses her joy for the newly married couple and encourages Christ to perform his first miracle. There is also Jesus' saying "Love your enemies. Cain 's jealousy of his brother Abel is Dante's Biblical example of envy. Painting by James Tissot , Canto The souls of the envious include Guido del Duca, who speaks bitterly about the ethics of people in towns along the River Arno : "That river starts its miserable course among foul hogs, more fit for acorns than for food devised to serve the needs of man.
Then, as that stream descends, it comes on curs that, though their force is feeble, snap and snarl; scornful of them, it swerves its snout away. And, downward, it flows on; and when that ditch, ill-fated and accursed, grows wider, it finds, more and more, the dogs becoming wolves. Descending then through many dark ravines, it comes on foxes so full of deceit there is no trap that they cannot defeat.
The classical example is Aglauros , who, according to Ovid , was turned to stone because she was jealous of Hermes ' love for her older sister Herse. The Biblical example is Cain ,  mentioned here not for his act of fratricide, but for the jealousy of his younger brother Abel that led to it Canto XIV.
It is mid afternoon and the poets are walking westward along the terrace with the sun in their faces. A dazzling brightness suddenly smites Dante on the brow, which he supposes is caused by the sun; but when he shades his eyes from it, the new brightness persists, and he is forced to close his eyes. Virgil reminds him that the approach of an angel is still too powerful for his earthly senses but says that this will not always be so. The Angel of Charity, having brushed away another "P" from Dante's brow, invites him to mount to the next terrace.
As he is leaving the terrace, the dazzling light of the terrace's angel causes Dante to reveal his scientific knowledge, observing that the angle of incidence is equal to the angle of reflection  "as theory and experiment will show"  Canto XV.
Third terrace Wrath [ edit ] The stoning of Saint Stephen provides an example of wrath, as well as of meekness, its opposite virtue.
Painting by Rembrandt , Canto On the terrace of the wrathful , which the poets reach at 3 PM,  examples of meekness the opposite virtue are given to Dante as visions in his mind. The scene from the Life of the Virgin in this terrace of purgation is the Finding in the Temple.
Whereas most parents would be angry at their child for worrying them, Mary is loving and understanding of Christ's motives behind his three-day disappearance. I saw him now, weighed down by death, sink to the ground, although his eyes were bent always on Heaven: they were Heaven's gates, Praying to his high Lord, despite the torture, to pardon those who were his persecutors; his look was such that it unlocked compassion.
Marco Lombardo discourses with Dante on free will — a relevant topic, since there is no point being angry with someone who has no choice over his actions  Canto XVI. Dante also sees visions with examples of wrath, such as Procne , Haman and Lavinia. When the visions have passed, the Angel of Peace appears to greet them.
Again the brightness overpowers Dante's sight, but he hears the angel's invitation to mount to the next terrace and feels a wing brush his forehead, erasing the third "P". Then follows the pronouncing of the beatitude Beati pacifici "Blessed are the peacemakers". While staying on the fourth terrace, Virgil is able to explain to Dante the organization of Purgatory and its relationship to perverted, deficient, or misdirected love.
Deficient and misdirected loves are about to follow.
Fourth terrace Sloth [ edit ] On the fourth terrace we find souls whose sin was that of deficient love — that is, sloth or acedia. Since they had failed in life to act in pursuit of love, here they are engaged in ceaseless activity.
The examples of sloth and of zeal, its opposite virtue, are called out by these souls as they run around the terrace.
A scene from the life of the Virgin outlined in this terrace is the Visitation , with Mary going "in haste" to visit her cousin Elizabeth. These examples also include episodes from the lives of Julius Caesar and Aeneas. This activity also replaces a verbal prayer for this terrace.
Since the formerly slothful are now too busy to converse at length, this section of the poem is a short one. Allegorically, spiritual laziness and lack of caring lead to sadness,  and so the beatitude for this terrace is Beati qui lugent "Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted," Matthew  Canto XVIII and XIX. Dante's second night's sleep occurs while the poets are on this terrace, and Dante dreams shortly before Tuesday's dawn  of a Siren , symbol of disordered or excessive love represented by greed , gluttony and lust.
Upon awakening from the dream in the light of the sun, Dante is visited by the Angel of Zeal, who removes another "P" from his brow, and the two poets climb toward the fifth terrace  Canto XIX. On the last three terraces are those who sinned by loving good things, but loving them in an excessive or disordered way. On the fifth terrace, excessive concern for earthly goods — whether in the form of greed, ambition or extravagance — is punished and purified.
The avaricious and prodigal lie face-down on the ground, reciting the psalm Adhaesit pavimento anima mea, taken from Psalm "My soul cleaveth unto the dust: quicken thou me according to thy word"  , which is a prayer expressing the desire to follow God's law.
Dante meets the shade of Pope Adrian V , an exemplar of desire for ecclesiastical power and prestige, who directs the poets on their way Canto XIX. The scene from the Life of the Virgin, used here to counter the sin of avarice, is the humble birth of Christ.
Further down the terrace, Hugh the Great personifies greed for worldly wealth and possessions. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email.
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