The Revised Penal Code: Articles Front Cover. Philippines, Luis B. Reyes. Rex Book Store, - Criminal law · 0 Reviews. The Revised Penal Code: Articles Front Cover. Philippines, Luis B. Reyes. Published & distributed by Rex Book Store, - Criminal law · 0 Reviews. Title, The Revised Penal Code: Articles , Book 1. Volume 1 of The Revised Penal Code: Act No. , as Amended Up to Republic Act, Carolina C. Griño-.
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AN ACT REVISING THE PENAL CODE AND OTHER PENAL LAWS. Act No. December 8, The Revised Penal Code of the Philippines. Preliminary. Get this from a library! The Revised penal code: criminal law. [Luis B Reyes; Philippines (Republic)]. Full text of the Revised Penal Code of the Philippines [Act No. ]. Featured on the World Wide Web by The Law Firm of Chan Robles & Associates.
These e-books will help Philippine law students. The National Internal Revenue Code of the Philippines, also known as the Tax Reform Act of is the law establishing the system of national taxation in the Philippines. The most recent extensive revision of the Code occurred in , although the Code was amended in to expand the coverage and rates of value-added tax. The taxes imposed by the Code include a graduated income tax on all income earned by natural and juridical persons within the Philippines, a capital gains tax, excise tax on certain products, a donor's tax, an estate tax, and a value-added tax on the sale of most goods and services in the Philippines. Download it for free in. The Philippine Rules of Court.
While the law mentions RH services, it is silent on contraception for adolescents. There is a strong mandate to provide comprehensive RH education in all mainstream and alternative schools.
The curriculum must be age- and development- appropriate. The comprehensive and developmental approach would correct the old practice of doing isolated lessons in specific grades, such as teaching contraceptive methods in Grade The law identifies critical subjects that should be taught but does not explicitly include sexuality and contraception. Two reasons can explain this caution.
In , the education department was stopped and brought to court by a pro-life group for pilot-testing a high school sexuality education module. Though the education department eventually won the case, it never reintroduced the module [ 40 ]. In , pro-life groups argued that sexuality education violates the primary duty of parents over their children, which makes the RH law unconstitutional. The Supreme Court dismissed this argument for being premature as there was no curriculum yet to oppose [ 12 ].
Pro-life groups could revive their case once a comprehensive curriculum is released. The technical guides on contraceptive services and information reflect the equivocation of the law. Most guidance materials recommend abstinence as the best behavior for all adolescents regardless of their specific life situation. The guides are silent on relevant factors such as age, marital status, experience of sexual violence, and capacity for responsible decision-making.
They promote abstinence-only or abstinence-centered values and practices. A representative guide, the Behavior Change Communication sourcebook [ 24 ], presents abstinence as the best way to prevent adolescent pregnancies; advises sexually active adolescents to return to abstinence; and recommends the exclusion of abstinent adolescents from public education sessions on contraception for fear they get the misimpression that sex is permissible as long as it is protected. Devolution and health policies system The Philippine health system is highly decentralized with significant powers and functions transferred to local governments i.
The restructuring was part of a broader government devolution mandated by the Constitution and implemented by a law [ 43 , 44 ]. Devolved health functions include financing and budgeting, operating facilities from health posts to provincial hospitals, hiring and managing health personnel, and creating local health policies and programmes. There are, in effect, two parallel health systems: national and local health systems.
The national health department develops policies for the national health system and operates some tertiary care hospitals. Local health offices implement programmes under the authority of local chief executives. For example, the mayor of Manila banned contraceptive services in local health facilities in because of his objections based on his religious beliefs. It took a new mayor to partly restore services in [ 45 ].
Local officials may also refuse to cooperate with other local officials because of political or personal differences. The health department has identified fragmentation as a critical problem for many years now but has been unable to address it because of local government autonomy. The RH law and its implementing policies provide measures for health system strengthening and integration, but only an amendment of the devolution law may provide a strategic solution.
To continue progress, we recommend the following: Encourage the further elaboration of policies that are in agreement with WHO recommendations, and based on scientific evidence Encourage government offices involved in implementing the RH law to create policies for institutionalizing the involvement of adolescents and young people decision-making on SRH, particularly contraception, and provide for their training and ongoing support.
Issuance by the health department of a legal opinion clarifying that the prohibition on the procurement, distribution, and provision of emergency contraception pertains only to government hospitals and therefore does not apply to private and nongovernment providers. Explore the amendment of restrictive laws or restrictive parts in these laws.
Conduct legal research, including on the impact of restrictive policies and legal options.
Popularize ethical and human rights norms. Limitations The research focused on the content of normative documents, not their actual implementation in practice. It is possible that reality may not correspond with what is written. The study occurred amidst two major political changes: the national elections in mid that resulted in a new set of elected officials at the highest levels; and Supreme Court rulings on contraception in , , and , which affected contraceptive access generally.
We incorporated new documents released during these years but may have missed important developing changes or trends. Acknowledgments The authors would like to acknowledge Bernabe Marinduque of the University of the Philippines Manila who reviewed and made comments on the document, and Rubee Dev for her careful proof reading of the final draft.
The BMGF did not have any other roles in the conduct of the study nor the preparation of the manuscript. Availability of data and materials The data and material used in the analyses of the paper are available upon request from the authors.
VCM and AH had previously used similar analyses in two previous papers. JM supported by MF reviewed the policies from to and wrote the draft; AM developed the categories and the tables for the policies from to and edited the final draft with MF ; VCM, MF, and AH provided inputs in the analyses and discussions.
All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Notes Ethics approval and consent to participate As this was a review of existing legal and policy documents, and no human participants were involved in a research study, no ethics approval and consent to participate were required.
Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Contributor Information Junice L. Melgar, Email: gro. Alfredo R. Mario Philip R. Festin, Email: tni. Andrea J.
Hoopes, Email: gro. Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Email: tni.
References 1. Sexual and Reprod Health of young women in the Philippines: data update. Accessed 28 Feb World Health Organization; Adolescent pregnancy fact sheet.
Guidelines on preventing early pregnancy and poor Reprod Health outcomes among adolescents in developing countries. Philippines 5th progress report millennium development goals. National Economic Development Authority; Trends in maternal mortality: to Finer L, Hussain R.
Unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortion in the Philippines: context and consequences. New York; Herrin AN. The global family planning revolution: three decades of population policies and programs. The World Bank; Family planning in the Philippines. Family planning in Asia and the Pacific: addressing the challenges.
Republic Act No. Supreme Court of the Philippines en banc ; Ensuring human rights in the provision of contraceptive information and services: guidance and recommendations. Advisory — In: Food and Drug Administration; Supreme court second division; Revised penal code articles — The Philippine clinical standards manual on family planning edition. The report also stated that there have been over 20 local government units that have adopted local ordinances on gender equality, but only two cities — Quezon City and Cebu City — have existing implementing rules and regulations IRR.
Grave Scandal. No person or entity has yet to challenge the ordinance in court. Since , three anti-same sex marriage bills have been introduced to the Senate and Congress. In early , Representative Rene Relampagos of Bohol filed a bill to amend Article 26 of the Philippine Family Code, to prohibit "forbidden marriages. The bill did not advance. To the extent of even stating that same-sex marriage and "falling for the same sex is wrong".
It is the foundation of the family and an inviolable social institution whose nature, consequences, and incidents are governed by law and not subject to stipulation, except that marriage settlements may fix the property relations during the marriage within the limits provided by this Code. In March , however, Duterte said that he personally opposes same-sex marriage. In October , Speaker of the House of Representatives Pantaleon Alvarez announced that he would file a bill to legalize civil unions for both opposite-sex and same-sex couples.
As of 25 October , more than lawmakers have signified their support for the bill. On the other hand, the bill is supported by senators Risa Hontiveros and Grace Poe.
If the historic bill passes Congress, the Philippines would become the second country in Asia to legalize civil unions, regardless of gender. Rights of a Public Social Worker. This bill seeks that all persons regardless of sex, sexual orientation or gender identity be treated the same as everyone else, wherein conditions do not differ in the privileges granted and the liabilities enforced.
The bill was introduced by Hon. Kaka J. More than lawmakers backed its complete passage and legislation in the first month of its reintroduction to Congress in alone. After passage in the House, the bill had to be voted upon in the Senate. Senator Risa Hontiveros , the principal author and backer of the bill, championed the bill's passage in the Senate. In January , the bill finally reached the period of amendments after the period of interpolations was deemed finished.
It took almost a year before it reached the period of amendments due to conservative senators who vowed to block the bill until the very end. In February and March , senators Sotto, Pacquiao and Villanueva renewed their call against the passage of the bill in any of its possible forms. The bill has become one of the slowest-moving bills in the country's history. Various cities, barangays and municipalities throughout the Philippines also have non-discrimination ordinances.
The city of Dagupan enacted an anti-discrimination ordinance in , which includes sexual orientation as a protected characteristic. The anti-discrimination ordinance does not explicitly mention gender identity. However, the terms "sex", "gender" and "other status" could be interpreted as covering it. In , it amended that ordinance and banned discrimination against anyone on the basis of both sexual orientation and gender identity.
Anti-bullying laws[ edit ] Sexual orientation and gender identity are included as prohibited grounds of bullying in the Implementing Rules and Regulations IRR of the Anti-Bullying Law, approved by Congress in These different faiths have their own views and opinions towards the topic of homosexuality. Roman Catholicism[ edit ] The Philippines is a predominantly Catholic country with approximately Want to Read saving….
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