PDF | Soil contamination has severely increased over the last years, especially due to petroleum hydrocarbons, heavy metals and pesticides from industrial. and chemical processes assist in the formation of the soil, (e.g. environmental pollution: → soil acidification, releases, etc.) FACTORS OF SOIL FORMATION (4) . Mark Hodson, Soil pollution and its impact on soil life. 2. Structure. • Sources of soil pollution. • How wide spread is the problem? • When is a pollutant a problem.
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Soil Pollution: a hidden reality. Rome, FAO. pp. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the. GLOBAL SYMPOSIUM ON SOIL POLLUTION | OUTCOME DOCUMENT . drivers of soil pollution in different land uses; 2) the assessment of negative impacts. PDF | World Soil Day was established in by the International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) to celebrate the importance of soil and its vital.
About this book Introduction Despite having been published about two years ago for the first time, the continuous demand for this book encouraged me to prepare this revised and enlarged edition. Many parts of the text have been rewritten, type errors traced and corrected, and the bibliography largely modified to include many of the references published about the subject of soil pollution in the previous ten years. I should like to express my thanks to the staff of Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, for their cooperative efforts in preparing this edition. I also would like to thank Mr. Michael Sidwell B. I hope that, in this new edition, the book may continue to serve the needs of students and professionals alike interested in the subject of soil pollution. Ibrahim A.
Water pollution can contribute to soil pollution and vice versa [ 7 , 8 ]. Interestingly and despite governmental legislations, environmental chemicals cross the borders of several countries through business trades of materials, food, and water, exposing humans and animals to them through ingestion, inhalation, and even skin [ 9 ].
Some environmental chemicals can disrupt adipogenesis and energy balance thus inducing obesity; additionally, they can alter insulin effect, thus increasing the susceptibility for type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular system problems [ 10 , 11 ]. These environmental chemicals now became a major public health concern given that exposure to them, particularly during the sensitive windows of human reproduction, could cause adverse reproductive outcomes both structural and functional , especially that some have endocrine-disrupting properties [ 12 ].
These chemicals can alter multiple physiologic processes and, in case of endocrine disruptors, can interfere with many facets of hormone activity, and their actions depend on the time of exposure as well as the dose and duration of exposure [ 10 ]. According to the Endocrine Society, studies have shown that some endocrine disruptors impair germ cell nest breakdown and follicle formation in animal ovarian development, inhibit follicle growth post-natally in animal models, and disrupt steroid hormone levels in humans and animals [ 10 ].
These chemicals are also associated with abnormal puberty, irregular cyclicity, reduced fertility, polycystic ovarian syndrome PCOS , and endometriosis [ 10 ]. They can partly mimic or alter the metabolism of the naturally occurring hormones like estradiol E2 , androgen and even thyroid hormones [ 13 ].
In this review, we will focus on a subset of well-investigated chemicals that have proven to cause endocrine and reproductive adverse outcomes in females. Thus, this review will present some of the potential impacts, in both humans and animals, of Bisphenol A BPA , Phthalates, and Perfluoroalkyl substances PFAS on female reproduction, in particular on puberty, PCOS pathogenesis, infertility, ovarian function, endometriosis, and recurrent pregnancy loss.
Search strategy and data extraction A review was performed for all available basic science, experimental animal studies, and clinical peer-reviewed articles prospective, retrospective and review articles published in English from to date in PubMed. Data were extracted from the text, tables and graphs in the manuscripts.
In the United States, almost a million tons of BPA are used yearly as a raw material for manufacturing polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resins [ 14 ]. Ultimately, BPA reintroduces itself into the aquatic systems via wastewater treatment plants through direct discharge into sewers, sludge, landfills, ground water, river water, canal water, lagoon water, stream water, and estuaries [ 14 ]. China Waste to Energy Outlook Chen J.
Rapid urbanization in China: A real challenge to soil protection and food security. Catena, DOI: Chen N.
Chen X. An overview of municipal solid waste management in China. Waste Management, 30 4 : — China Water Risk April. China Water Risk Top 4 Farmers. Cnal March. Main nonferrous metal producing provinces in China in China nonferrous metals. Delang C.
Routledge, London. Springer, Heidelberg. Duan Q. Public Data Package. MSW oxy-enriched incineration technology applied in China: Combustion temperature, flue gas loss and economic considerations.
Waste Management, Greenpeace August. Greenpeace April. About coal mining impacts. Effects of heavy metal pollution of highway origin on soil nematode guilds in north Shenyang, China.
Mercury Emissions from Biomass Burning in China. Utilization and management of organic wastes in Chinese agriculture: Past, present and perspectives.
Rome: FAO. A comparison of metal distribution in surface dust and soil among super city, town, and rural area. DOI Liu G. Heavy metal speciation and risk assessment in dry land and paddy soils near mining areas at Southern China.
Liu Q. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 47 18 : The national soil pollution condition investigation communique. NBSC Beijing: China Statistics Press. Patton D.