Category: Computer. Computers information technology in perspective. Material. Type. Book. Language English. Title. Computers information technology in. Essential hardware, software, and computer system terminology that will enable you to begin your information technology learning adventure with confidence. Computers book. Read reviews from world's largest community for readers. Providing an overview coverage of computing/IT concepts and applications for int .
|Language:||English, Spanish, Portuguese|
|Genre:||Academic & Education|
|ePub File Size:||20.87 MB|
|PDF File Size:||10.18 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Sign up for free]|
Computers Information Technology in Perspective - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online. Trove: Find and get Australian resources. Books, images, historic newspapers, maps, archives and more. that controls all activities within a computer system, plus common operating system platforms. □ The fundamental concepts and terminology associated with the.
IT Ethics and Issues: The Computer on a Chip Monitoring of E-mail Assistive Technology for the Disabled Does the Internet Really Change Everything?
The term information technology was coined by the Harvard Business Review, in order to make a distinction between purpose-built machines designed to perform a limited scope of functions and general-purpose computing machines that could be programmed for various tasks.
IT software and hardware IT includes several layers of physical equipment hardware , virtualization and management or automation tools, operating systems and applications software used to perform essential functions.
User devices, peripherals and software, such as laptops, smartphones or even recording equipment, can be included in the IT domain. IT can also refer to the architectures, methodologies and regulations governing the use and storage of data. Business applications include databases like SQL Server , transactional systems such as real-time order entry, email servers like Exchange , Web servers like Apache , customer relationship management and enterprise resource planning systems.
These applications execute programmed instructions to manipulate, consolidate, disperse or otherwise affect data for a business purpose. Computer servers run business applications. Servers interact with client users and other servers across one or more business networks. Storage is any kind of technology that holds information as data.
Information can take any form including file data, multimedia, telephony data and Web data, data from sensors or future formats.
Storage includes volatile random access memory RAM as well as non-volatile tape , hard disk and solid-state flash drives. IT architectures have evolved to include virtualization and cloud computing , where physical resources are abstracted and pooled in different configurations to meet application requirements.
Clouds may be distributed across locations and shared with other IT users, or contained within a corporate data center, or some combination of both deployments. IT education and job functions A team of administrators and other technical staffers deploy and manage the company's IT infrastructure and assets. IT teams depend on a wide range of specialized information and technology skills and knowledge to support equipment, applications and activities.
Any differences exhibited should be regarded as some cultural, societal or situational influences and experiences of the genders, which should be further investigated and used synergistically to improve professional service. It seems clear that effective use of technology in classrooms should be expected from all teachers irrespective of their gender in the future and positive attitudes towards IT alone is not sufficient for effective integration of technology, but an indication that teachers are willing to take-up technology.
Therefore, efforts should be directed towards their updated training and continuous support to incorporate IT into their teaching. Limitations and Recommendations Although the analyses presented reveal some interesting findings, it is acknowledged that the methodological limitations and future research need to be addressed and discussed. One limitation of the study on which the arguments are based was its sample, which included only teachers of secondary schools of Aligarh. As the study is geographically bounded, this imposes a limitation on the generalizability of the findings.
Hence, it is recommended that more research be undertaken with bigger and more diverse samples across the country. Self-report instruments may have several limitations such responding inconsistently or in a socially desirable manner. Studies should be conducted employing mixed methods of data collection.
Additional qualitative techniques, such as interviews and focus groups, could be used to explore if any differences exist in the way women and men relate to technology and if variations appear in their pattern of handling and usage of technology.
This study provides a glimpse of selected variables that were assumed to affect the attitudes of teachers towards technology. Because the findings from this study confirm that gender has little impact on teachers' attitudes, future studies should focus more on the development of effective models and frameworks in the learning and implementation of instructional and assessment technologies.
References Abuhmaid, A. Albirini, A. Teachers' attitudes toward information and communication technologies: The case of Syrian EFL teachers. Ardies, J. Reconstructing the Pupils Attitude towards Technology-survey. Athina, M. Pedagogical obstacles in teacher training in information and communication technology. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 14 2 , Bakr, S.
Attitudes of Egyptian teachers towards computers, Contemporary Education Technology, 2 4 , Bandura, A. Social cognitive theory of personality. John Eds. New York: Guilford. Bhargava, A.
Computers, gender bias, and young children. Information Technology in Childhood Education, 1 , Bitner, N. Integrating technology into the classroom: eight keys to success. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 10 1 , Buabeng-Andoh, C. Bullen, M. Digital learners in higher education: generation is not the issue. Gender and attitudes to- ward technology use: A meta- analysis. A study on science teachers' attitudes toward information and communication technologies in education.
Chigona, A. Capability approach on pedagogical use of ICT in schools. Educators' motivation on integration of ICTs into pedagogy: Case of disadvantaged areas. South African Journal of Education, 34 3 , Colley, A. Age and gender differences in computer use and attitudes among secondary school students: What has changed? Education Research, 45 2 , Connell, R. Gender: Short introductions. Cambridge: Polity. Cooper, J. The digital divide: The special case of gender.
Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 22 5 , Copley J. Barriers to utilisation of assistive technology with children who have multiple disabilities. Occupational Therapy International, 11 4 , Correa, T. Cullen, T. Preservice teachers' beliefs, attitudes, and motivation about technology integration. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 45 1 , Culley, L. Option choices and careers guidance: Gender and computing in secondary schools. British Journal of Counseling and Guidance, 16 1 , Davis, F.
Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and user acceptance of information technology. MIS Quarterly, 13 3 , , doi International Journal of Social Sciences, 2 2 , Durndell, A. Computer self-efficacy, computer anxiety, attitudes towards the Internet and reported experience with the Internet, by gender, in an East European sample.
Computers in Human Behavior, 18 5 , Predictors of cyberloafing among preservice information technology teachers. Contemporary Educational Technology, 9 1 , Ertmer, P. Teacher technology change: How knowledge, confidence, beliefs, and culture intersect. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 42 3 , Eteokleous, N. Evaluating computer technology integration in a centralized school system.
How men and women use the Internet. Pew Internet and American Life Project. Enablers and barriers to the use of ICT in primary schools in Turkey: A comparative study of The Delta Pi Epsilon Journal, 50 2 , Gujjar, A. A study of the attitudes of student teachers toward use of computer. Digital natives, digital immigrants: An analysis of age and ICT competency in teacher education. Predicting ICT integration into classroom teaching in Chinese primary schools: Exploring the complex interplay of teacher-related variables.
Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 27 2 , The participation divide: Content creation and sharing in the digital age. Harper, D. The creation and development of educational computer technology.
Oxford: Pergamon. Helsper, E. Digital natives: Where is the evidence? Teacher perspectives on integrating ICT into subject teaching: Commitment, constraints, caution, and change. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 37 2 , Hernes, F. Knowledge and competence in ICT among teachers in Norway. Factors affecting technology integration in K classrooms: A path model. Educational Technology Research and Development, 58 2 , Attitudes of students towards Internet.
Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 5 4. Converting counselor Ludites: Winning over technology resistant counselors. Walz Eds. Jennings, S. Computer attitudes as a function of age, gender, math attitude, and developmental status. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 25 4 , Kay, R. An analysis of methods used to examine gender differences in computer- related behaviour.
Journal of Educational Computing Research, 8 3 , Addressing gender differences in computer ability, attitudes and use: The laptop effect. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 34 2 , Khan, S. Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies, 2 8 , Kim, C.
Teacher beliefs and technology integration. Teaching and Teacher Education, 29, What the research says about gender differences in access, use, attitudes and achievement with computers.
Educational Technology, 38 4 , Koh, J. Examining the technological pedagogical content knowledge of Singapore pre-service teachers with a large-scale survey. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 26 6 , Kumar, B.
ICT in vocational and technical schools: Teachers' instructional, managerial and personal use matters. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 9 1 , Lee, N.
University Of Oklahoma. Publication No. Li, B. Analysis for discrepancies in educational technology ability of urban-rural primary and secondary teacher.
Modern Educational Technology, 22 4 , Li, N. Livingstone, S. Gradations in digital inclusion: Children, young people and the digital divide. New Media and Society, 9 4 , Mistaking the tool for the outcome: Using activity system theory to understand the complexity of teacher technophobia.
Phoenix, Arizona. Madhavi, C. A study on work related stress and work family issues experienced by women software professionals in Chennai. McCarthy, P.
Teacher attitudes toward computers and the relationship between attitudes toward computers and the level of involvement with computers among New York City special education teachers Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Meraz, S. Women and technology: How socialization created a gender gap.
Poindexter, S. New York: Routledge. Muralidharan, K. Disrupting education? Experimental evidence on technology-aided instruction in India. Manual for attitude scale towards information technology for teachers. Agra: Manasvi. Neyland, E. Gender influences on children's computer attitudes and cognitions. Computers in Human Behavior, 18 2 , Nunan, D. Innovation and change: Information technology and inservice teacher edu- cation. Davison Ed.
Phelps, R. A metacognitive approach to computer education for teachers: Combining theory and practice for computer capability.
Pinkard, N. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 32 1 , Plomp, T. Cross-national information and communication technology: Policies and practices in education. Charlotte, NC: Information Age. Potvin, P. Interest, motivation and attitude towards science and technology at K levels: A systematic review of 12 years of educational research. Studies in Science Education, 50 1 , Rajpoot, V. Rogers, E. Diffusion of innovation 4th ed.
New York: The Free press. Empowering teachers with technology. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. Sainz, M.