The Register of Exercise Professionals (REPs) is the not-for-profit, fitness industry .. REPs trainers with access to an excellent online magazine and other. reps Magazine | Issue 16 - December Dec reps Magazine | Issue 15 - September Sep- reps Magazine |Issue 12 - December Usdaw's Magazine, Network, is sent out exclusively to Union reps six times a year and gives in-depth information on every aspect of the Union's work.
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Treatment merupakan upaya untuk mengembalikan kondisi situasi kebugaran tubuh agar kembali fit dengan perawatan yang diberikan oleh seorang ahli. Rep. Harris Fawell (R-Ill.), author of the Savings Are Vital to Everyone's Fortune magazine ranked Weyerhaeuser number one in “responsibility to the. - REP international is preparing for the K show (pdf, Kb). 1 December injection molding magazine - horizontal presses G9 H
Rep guidance: Safety representatives and worker involvement The most effective tool that we have in ensuring good health and safety at work is trade unions, because organised workplaces are safer workplaces. Evidence shows that workplaces with union safety reps and joint union-management safety committees have major injury rates less than half of those without. Unions make a difference. We reduce injuries, improve ill-health and help change the safety culture within an organisation. At the core of this are safety representatives.
Paxil, another short half-life antidepressant, caused similar problems. At the Wyeth meeting in New York, these withdrawal effects were mentioned in passing, though we were assured that Effexor withdrawal symptoms were uncommon and could usually be avoided by tapering down the dose very slowly. But in my practice, that strategy often did not work, and patients were having a very hard time coming off Effexor in order to start a trial of a different antidepressant.
I wrestled with how to handle this issue in my Effexor talks, since I believed it was a significant disadvantage of the drug. Psychiatrists frequently have to switch medications because of side effects or lack of effectiveness, and anticipating this potential need to change medications plays into our initial choice of a drug.
Knowing that Effexor was hard to give up made me think twice about prescribing it in the first place. Was I lying? Not really, since there were no solid published data, and indeed some patients had little problem coming off Effexor. But was I tweaking and pruning the truth in order to stay positive about the product? And how did I rationalize this? Not only were the newer comparative data less impressive, but the studies were short-term, lasting only 6 to 12 weeks.
It seemed entirely possible that if the clinical trials had been longer — say, six months — S. Effexor was turning out to be an antidepressant that might have a very slight effectiveness advantage over S. At my next Lunch and Learn, I mentioned toward the end of my presentation that data in support of Effexor were mainly short-term, and that there was a possibility that S.
I felt reckless, but I left the office with a restored sense of integrity. Advertisement Continue reading the main story Several days later, I was visited by the same district manager who first offered me the speaking job.
I told them that even Dr. Have you been sick?
Life After Drug Money A year after starting my educational talks for drug companies I had also given two talks for Forest Pharmaceuticals, pushing the antidepressant Lexapro , I quit. Now I publish a medical-education newsletter for psychiatrists that is not financed by the pharmaceutical industry and that tries to critically assess drug research and marketing claims. I still see patients, and I still prescribe Effexor.
While the guidelines still allow all-expenses-paid trips for physicians to attend meetings at fancy hotels, they no longer pay for spouses to attend the dinners or hand out tickets to musicals.
Did I contribute to faulty medical decision making? Did my advice lead doctors to make inappropriate drug choices, and did their patients suffer needlessly? Not likely, but possible. I still allow drug reps to visit my office and give me their pitches. While these visits are short on useful medical information, they do allow me to keep up with trends in drug marketing. Recently, a rep from Bristol-Myers Squibb came into my office and invited me to a dinner program on the antipsychotic Abilify.
PINS and needle An HSE report shows a formal safety enforcement role for trade union safety reps would make workplaces safer, free up HSE inspectors and get workplace hazards sorted before the employer ended up in the dock.
Union inspection notices: Extending safety reps' rights TUC has published an online guide to union inspection notices TUC general secretary John Monks said union safety reps "need more tools at their disposal to make workplaces as safe as they can possibly be British safety reps look at their Australian counterparts and say 'we want some of that'!
A review of Australian provisions or worker health and safety representation", HSE Worker participation in health and safety: A review of Australian provisions for worker health and safety representation PINs. Report in full [pdf format]. Only 16 per cent had stopped work for health and safety reasons but almost all - 98 per cent - said this move was effective in resolving the issue It also provides links to great resources produced by Australian unions, where their notices - PINs or Provisional Improvement Notices - have full, enforceable, legal status.
Also see Union inspection Notices - Resources and News. Union inspection notices guide. Sample union inspection notice for safety reps. Take Notice! Workplace poster. Spot it, Notice it, Stop it. Take notice! Hazards 76, centrepages.
Safety Alert! A Hazards leaflet.
Tells the workforce a Union Inspection Notice has been issued, and a deadline has been set for safety problems to be remedied The pecs, after all, are fan-shaped muscles, so angle training is important if you want to stress as many fibers as possible; however, many trainees can get good development using only dips or declines.
The best spot for the power-pulse technique is about eight to 10 inches out of the bottom position, almost halfway up. A spotter is mandatory unless you use a Smith machine or power rack with the safety bars in the correct position.
Adding mass to the lateral-delt-head accentuates that impressive V taper. This is an easy one: Overhead presses, right? So how do you hit the side head? By raising your upper arm out to the side. Ah-ha, lateral raises. But can you really get optimal muscle synergy, with the medial head being the prim e move r, with that awkward, somewhat unnatural exercise? Some people can. Larry Scott, the first Mr. Olympia, got some pretty big side delts doing heavy semicheat laterals, but what he was really doing was closer to a dumbbell upright row than a lateral raise.
Yep, the dumbbell upright row is probably the most natural exercise for overloading your medial-delt heads—as long as you r upper arms move out to your sides and become perpendicular to the floor and you lean forw a rd slightly 34 The Ultimate MASS Workout throughout the exercise. You move your upper arms into the same position as the top of a lateral raise, but because your arms are bent in a rowing motion, you get muscle synergy from the biceps and traps and you can use much more weight and overload the side heads better than with laterals.
To achieve that optimal upper-arm position, you have to pull the dumbbells out and in front of your anterior delts, simulating a wide gri p. If you have trouble developing your medial-delt heads or you just want them to have more spectacular roundness, you may want to do dumbbell upright rows first in your delt routine and then go to overhead presses.
That will put priority where it belongs—on your side-delt heads for more width. At the end of your set pull the dumbbells up about 10 inches and out away from your thighs.
You may even want to turn your hands so your palms face each other during the X Reps, which makes them more like bottom position laterals, but only do that if you feel it more than with your palms facing back. You gotta make sure your front delts are not taking over, and you must keep tension on your medial-delt heads throughout the set and all X Reps. Can one exercise cover them all?
Unfortunately, no, but we can d e t e rmine the most natural exercise for each so you can maximize efficiency. Your trapezius muscles are antagonistic to your pecs, so you can determine the most natural movement by using the same motion as you use for the pecs, only with the re s i s t a n c e coming from the opposite direction—that is, pulling your arms forward instead of pushing back against them.
In other words, you want to row but on a slight incline. For example, bent-over barbell rows are a good choice, if you can maintain a slightly elevated torso—a little higher than parallel to the floor—while pulling the bar to your sternum with your arms angled slightly away from your torso.
That last part is important because if your arms come into your body, your lats start working too hard. Think of it as a reverse decline press. So they heave the weight up, pull their arms into their torso and touch the bar to their lower abdomen. The negative, or lowering, stroke of an exercise is very important for triggering muscle growth, and weight-stack f riction tends to make the negative easier when it should actually be harder.
Perform X Reps at the end of th e set with the bar or dumbbells near the middle of the stroke. As you pulse try to re t ract and extend yo u r shoulder blades on each. For lats most bodybuilders like pulldowns. The Ultimate MASS Workout 39 your torso—and as Mother Na t u re likes synergy to make a muscle function as effectively as possible, the arms should be involved.
So should the midback to a degree, but neither the arms nor midback should take over as the prime mover. The better choice is parallel-grip pulldowns, but you have to be sure your arms come into your torso and then move back behind it. To help make that happen, set your grip at about shoulder width—or narrower for some people—and maintain an arch in your lower back.
Some of the old-time bodybuilders used to do chins with a V-handle attachment hooked over a chinning bar. Most trainees will want to graduate to that one Lats: V-handle Chins.
Use the Vhandle from the cable row machine. No matter what handle you use, keep it strict and pull all the way down to your lower chest—and keep that arch in your lower back. Pulse for as long as possible and feel your lats working. Speaking of lower back, is the one set of hyperextensions you throw in at the end of your workout doing the job for that important, injury-prone area?
Probably not. For one thing, the hyperextension is a single-joint exercise, and the re c u r ri n g theme of this book so far is that you want compound, natural movements. To help you lift things as well as stabilize the torso. From that analysis we can deduce that the best lower-back exercise is the regular deadlift. You can still do your one or two sets of hypers or iso-lower-back machine, but do them as a finishing exercise after deadlifts.
Better yet, because deadlifts can be somewhat dangerous when fatigue sets in, do X Reps on a hyperextension bench immediately after a set of deadlifts. Hold a barbell plate so your lower back, glutes and hamstrings burn. You must keep your form perfect on them as well. Be sure to read the exercise descriptions in Appendix A of this book. You may want to use straps to reinforce your grip. Do the partial pulses about one-third of the way up from the bottom position.
Start with the bar on the floor. Squat down into a deepknee bend with your back flat, grab the bar, then drive to the standing position. That position occurs when your arms are down and slightly behind your torso, elbows locked. One-arm p u s h d owns? Think multijoint exercise. How about dips? The dipping bars have to be fairly narrow, about shoulder width, you must keep your torso upri g h t — ve ry little forward lean—and you have to keep your upper arms close to your body.
If you flare your elbows, the pecs and front delts can take stress off the triceps. Bench dips, with the benches parallel, your body facing up and your hands on the edge of one and your feet on the edge of the other, is a good alternative to regular dips.
You can even 44 The Ultimate MASS Workout have a dumbbell placed on your midsection to add resistance, but as your strength increases, adding more and more weight can get awkward, not to mention downright dangerous.
A narrow grip on that bent bar will put your hands in a more natural position, taking stress off the wrists and making it easier to keep your arms in close to your torso. You can also try decline presses on a Smith machine, which can minimize balance issues and allow you to push your triceps as hard as possible without having to control a free bar.
As for X Reps, do them right at the middle of the stroke, if you can. Due to different muscle-attachment placement, you may find that you feel your triceps firing better closer to the top, near lockout. Experiment with different pulse positions to find the best X spot for you, just make sure there is enough elongation in the triceps to produce significant force to torch as many fast-twitch fibers as possible.
X Reps. On bench dips right or parallel bar dips above , the X position is about halfway down to the point at which your arms are parallel to the floor. Think pulling, as in pulling something down toward you or pulling yourself up.
You got it: pullups perf o rmed with an undergrip. Remember in the discussion of back exercises in Chapter 6, when we discarded undergrip pulldowns for lats because they used too much biceps? He used the technique on one set of each exercise for all bodyparts.
Tr y halfway up and points lower, down toward full extension. One other point: The brachialis muscle that runs under the biceps and into the forearm, is one you may want to target with a single-joint movement, like thumbs-up, or hammer, curls. When you build that muscle under the biceps, it pushes up the biceps for more peak.
It sounds as if crunches or reverse crunches would win here—but you get no muscle synergy on those, so bump them down the list. Like leg extensions for the quads and concentration curls for the biceps, however, they make good finishing exercises.
Recent EMG, or electromyograph, studies suggest that the b i c ycle exercise produces the most rectus abdominis fiber i n vo l vement. Why does the bicycle exercise produce so much electrical activity in the rectus abdominis? Can you just keep doing more reps as you get s t ronger?
By the way, those ridges are caused by tendons running across the abdomen, so you do want to develop your rectus abdominis muscle. It makes those tendons sit deeper and turns those shallow gulleys into grand canyons.
If you can do the bicycle exerc i s e continuously with good form for longer than one minute, you need to move to incline or hanging kneeups.
Keep your reps slow and be sure you curl your hips toward your torso at the top of each rep. Once you can do more than 15 perfect reps—it 52 The Ultimate MASS Workout might take a while—try the continuous-tension method, doing only the top two-thirds of the movement with a hip roll. Or you can secure a weight to your feet to increase the resistance for regular reps. As for X Reps, do them just below the middle of the action.
Some trainees may find that too difficult and need help from a training partner. If you train alone, move to incline or flat kneeups when you hit failure on the hanging ones, and pulse near the middle, where your hips come off the floor or bench.
Move your hips up and down a few inches in that range. So, in addition to hanging kneeups, you should do some type of fullrange crunches to finish off your abs.
You want a crunch that starts with your lower back arched so you get a slight stretch in your rectus abdominis.
The best full-range-crunch exercise is the Ab Bench crunch pull. The Ab Bench has a rounded lower-back pad so that when you sit on it, grab the cable from behind and hold the handles on your chest, your torso is arched over the pad, which provides the perfect ab stretch. From there you crunch down and forward into the maximally contracted position.
To do X Reps pull about halfway into the stroke and pulse. You can simulate Ab Bench crunch pulls by facing away from a high cable and sitting backward on a preacher bench so the curling pad acts as a lower-back support and lets you arch your torso back slightly on each re p. You can also try doing re g u l a r crunches on a bench press bench with your feet supported on the barbell bar and your upper back hanging off the end of the bench for ab stretch.
Use the Ab Bench after hipcurl work. It provides fullrange torso-curl work for your abs. Or do kneeling cable curls facing away from the weight stack and have your partner provide lower-back support.
Or you can stick to it for as long as you like, altering the number of reps you do for variation.