Photography • Composition. • Framing. • Rule of Thirds. • Leading Lines. • Textures and Patterns. • Lighting. • Direction. • Color coordination / balance. 2. RULES & ELEMENTS OF COMPOSITION portal7.info In this section you will learn what may be the only “rule” in photography: the rule of thirds. Of course . Sep 14, There are however, several guidelines you can use to help improve the composition of your photos. In this tutorial, I've listed 20 of these.
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Learning good composition. ✦ there are no rules. • there are only tools and heuristics. ✦ like describing wine with words, they don't mean much. • they merely . To round out the fundamentals of photography, you'll learn how to curate your own images. . the exposure of your photo, the focus, the composition, and so on . It may sound clichéd, but the only rule in photography is that there are no rules. However, there are are number of established composition guidelines which can .
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Using Auto Mode takes care of these controls, but you pay the price of not getting your photos to look the way you wanted them, and often disappointing. The recommended type of polarizer is circular because these allow your camera to use TTL through the lens metering such as auto exposure. This filter helps reduce reflections from water as well as metal and glass; it improves the colors of the sky and foliage and will help give your photos the WOW factor.
It will do all that while protecting your lens. We recommend Hoya Polarizer Filters for the best combination of performance and price.
Placing an object or person in the foreground helps give a sense of scale and emphasizes how far away the distance is. Use a tripod if possible, as a small aperture usually requires a slower shutter speed. If possible, choose a plain background — in other words, neutral colors and simple patterns.
You want the eye to be drawn to the focal point of the image rather than a patch of color or an odd building in the background. This is especially vital in a shot where the model is placed off center.
Therefore, there are various ways you can take an image indoors without resorting to flash. Use the widest aperture possible — this way more light will reach the sensor, and you will have a nice blurred background.
Image by ronsho.
How many times have you taken what you thought would be a great shot, only to find that the final image lacks impact because the subject blends into a busy background? The human eye is excellent at distinguishing between different elements in a scene, whereas a camera has a tendency to flatten the foreground and background, and this can often ruin an otherwise great photo. Thankfully this problem is usually easy to overcome at the time of shooting - look around for a plain and unobtrusive background and compose your shot so that it doesn't distract or detract from the subject.
The plain background in this composition ensures nothing distracts from the subject.
Image by Philipp Naderer. Because photography is a two-dimensional medium, we have to choose our composition carefully to conveys the sense of depth that was present in the actual scene. You can create depth in a photo by including objects in the foreground, middle ground and background. Another useful composition technique is overlapping, where you deliberately partially obscure one object with another. The human eye naturally recognises these layers and mentally separates them out, creating an image with more depth.
Emphasise your scene's depth by including interesting subjects at varying distances from the camera.
Image by Jule Berlin. The world is full of objects which make perfect natural frames, such as trees, archways and holes. By placing these around the edge of the composition you help to isolate the main subject from the outside world. The result is a more focused image which draws your eye naturally to the main point of interest.
Here, the surrounding hills form a natural frame, and the piece of wood provides a focal point. Image by Sally Crossthwaite. Often a photo will lack impact because the main subject is so small it becomes lost among the clutter of its surroundings. By cropping tight around the subject you eliminate the background "noise", ensuring the subject gets the viewer's undivided attention.
Cut out all unnecessary details to keep keep the viewer's attention focused on the subject.
Image by Hien Nguyen. Next, slightly move the camera to position your subject where the lines intersect at the upper left hand corner, then take a photo. For a third capture, move the camera to place your subject in the lower right hand section of the frame where the lines meet.
Now look at each shot on the LCD. What emotion does each image evoke? As a general rule, dividing your scene into thirds, then placing a subject where the points intersect, will make a more pleasing image. A photo where the subject lands dead center of the frame is seldom interesting.
If your camera has a lens that sits out from the body, use your left hand to support that lens from underneath. Then firmly grip the camera body with the right hand, placing the index finger on the shutter. For point and shoot cameras, make sure you have a firm grip. Use the wrist strap as an added security against dropping the camera. Left: A common mistake when holding a camera is to place the hand on top of the lens.
This is not as comfortable and also blocks the light from the flash if in use. Right: The proper way to hold your camera is by cradling the lens with your hand; this enables you to hold the camera comfortably and ensures you are not blocking the flash with your hand. Be sure your gear has this switched to ON.
Get your grounding, brace your elbow at your sides if possible , take a calming breath and click. Small subjects? Sight things up to their eye-level. Not only will your image have a more pleasing and realistic head-to-toe balance, but the grins will look wider and you gain more control over what lands as a background.