by Karen B. Strier September This comprehensive introductory text integrates evolutionary, Primate Behavioral Ecology 5th Edition also examines how anthropogenic activities are negatively PDF MB Password: vetbooks. ir Help. to provide an invaluable overview of the field of primate behavioral ecology and Primate Behavioral. Ecology. Fifth Edition. Karen B. Strier. Copyrighted. In her new book, Karen Strier makes a laudable attempt at producing a com- prehensive introduction to the field of primate behavioral ecology. Strier is one of.
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Request PDF on ResearchGate | Primate behavioral ecology: Fifth edition | This on behavioral responses to changes in demographic conditions (e.g., Strier. Get this from a library! Primate behavioral ecology. [Karen B Strier] -- Primate Behavioral Ecology, described as "an engaging, cutting-edge exposition,". This comprehensive introductory text integrates evolutionary, ecological, and demographic perspectives with new results from field studies and contemporary.
This 2,acre protected forest reserve is situated on a coffee plantation near the Brazilian city of Caratinga. It is also one of the only places where the critically endangered northern muriqui monkey can still be found. It took years of observations to decipher their exceptionally peaceful, egalitarian society, which distinguishes the northern muriqui from nearly all other primates. Muriquis are the largest New World primates except for humans , and they live correspondingly long lives. Some of the original individuals present at the start of my study are now in their late 30s, if not older. There are grandmothers and even some great-grandmothers; I have known them for more than half of my life.
Strier also touches on the recent debate about classifications of subspecies of Pan troglodytes, explaining that deforestation increases their separation, which has conser- vational implications. The chapter ends upbeat with the news that many new species of primates have been found in the last decade, including Callithrix saterei, a marmoset from the site, Hapalemur aureus, a lemur from Madagascar, and many nocturnal bush babies. Chapter four on Evolution and Social behavior begins with a day in the life of a young male baboon in his savanna habitat.
Suddenly a hyena attacks him, and though an adult female valiantly attempts to rescue him, he is devoured in the bushes. From there we are led into a discussion of natural selection, populations genetics, kin selection, reciprocal altruism, conflict and cooperation.
Strier begins the fifth chapter with an amusing paragraph about sexually dimorphic male primates, adorned with electric blue testicles, or thick beards, or razor sharp canines, which seem like cumbersome attachments compared to svelte, streamlined female forms.
Then the reader is led through sexual se- lection theory and mating patterns. Again, Strier speaks directly and clearly. It is an honest advertisement. Different strategies are invoked by some of the seasonally-breeding primates such as the squirrel monkeys of the Neotropics.
Males in some species of squirrel monkey undergo a physical metamorpho- sis, putting on fat with testosterone and cortisol build-ups, then aggressively challenge each other when all the females more-or-less synchronously come into estrus.
In chapter 6 Strier discusses food and females, beginning on a wintry morning in the Atlantic Coastal forest of Brazil, as the muriquis are just beginning to forage for the day. An added bonus is the dis- cussion of the new field of zoopharmacognosy, research into self-medication by wild animals, especially chimpanzees and baboons.
Moving from food back into social strategies in chapter 7, Strier explains the ecology of female relationships and all the variations, and the negotia- tions of complex interactions and associations with other group members. Because the ecology of primate social relationships affects the variance in female reproductive success within and between groups, and across different species, there is a direct effect on population growth rates. Understanding the causes of this variance is a necessary step in predicting and monitoring the effects of habitat disturbance on fertility of endangered and threatened primate populations and developing informed conservation management plans.
In chapter 8 Strier discusses male strategies including rank acquisi- tion, coalitions and dispersal. The controversies over the male baboon and macaque habit of carrying infants into combat are evenhandedly explained. Dispersal patterns play a big role in the lives of males, and the discussion on patrilineal societies with little male dispersal is excellent.
Life history strategies, including all life stages of primates between birth and mortality are brought up-to-date in chapter 9. The importance of these precarious juvenile years, which set the stage for lifetime reproductive suc- cess, is a topic that has only recently been investigated.
The latest research on primate prolactin, a hormone higher in females with infants, shows that some males that exhibit high levels of paternal care, have high levels of prolactin, emphasizing the importance of understanding reproductive endocrinology.
Recent laboratory techniques have opened the door to monitoring gonadal and adrenal hormones in wild primates, providing crucial information on the interactions between the proximate and ultimate mechanisms regulat- ing behavior.
The chapter on communication and cognition touches on the recent discoveries of ecological intelligence—spatial memory and tool use—as well as social intelligence: The chapter ends connecting cognitive abilities of nonhuman primates with its implications for the ethical treatment of primates. The ethical dilemmas of reintroduction, rehabilitation and sanctuaries are presented in a fair, realistic light.
Primates are put in the context of their ecological communities in Chapter Studies of niche divergence and polyspecific associations explain how different species interact with one another. Studies of primate-plant interactions explain how primates may affect their ecological communities and the continuation of the forests where they live.
To understand the long-term effects of primate extinctions it is necessary to appreciate the primates within a broad ecological context.
Conservation of the flagship primates involves protection of the whole eco- system. This is an excellent chapter, containing material often absent in other texts. The final chapter gives convincing arguments of why primate conserva- tion is crucial and how primate behavioral ecology and conservation biology are inextricably linked, converging at both theoretical and methodological levels.
In summary, Primate Behavioral Ecology is excellent as an undergrad- uate text. It is also a fine introduction to the subject for nonscientists, as well as our colleagues who seek a succinct view of current primate research and issues. Strier presents a coherent theoretical framework for understand- ing the processes that influence all the variation in the behavior we see in Primates. If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username.
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