Dewhurst, Richard J. 20! 4 The Ancient Giants who Ruled America: The Missing. Skeletons and the Great Smithsonian Cover-Up. Bear and Company. The Ancient Giants Who Ruled America: The Missing Skeletons and the Great Smithsonian Cover-Up. Richard J. Dewhurst. Bear and. The Ancient Giants Who Ruled America: The Missing Skeletons and the Great Smithsonian Cover-Up Richard J. Dewhurst pdf download The Ancient Giants.
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GIANTS. WHO RULED. AMERICA. “This is the most comprehensive and level ancient giants who once ruled this land should end at the Pacific Ocean. the trail and perhaps answer that question, you might begin with the PDF file of a. THE ANCIENT. GIANTS. WHO RULED. AMERICA. “This ever have to past. Earth's in humanoids giant of subject the to approach level and comprehensive most. Editorial Reviews. Review. “This is the most comprehensive and level approach to the subject of giant humanoids in Earth's past to have ever been published.
Richard J. Not only are the West Virginia mound sites in Charleston, Wheeling and Moundsville, some of the most significant in size and number in United States, but in , the Smithsonian dispatched a team of archaeologists to the South Charleston Mound led by Colonel Morris of the Smithsonian to conduct an extensive dig of the 50 mounds they found there and issue a detailed report. In another mound, they found a circle of ten skeletons surrounding another giant skeleton, as well as underground vaults, various copper and mica ornaments, religious items, pipes and spearheads. In a report from the Syracuse Herald American in , anthropologists from the Buffalo Museum of Science, 1, artifacts were dug up from a site called Phoenix Hill. Further digging revealed axes, tomahawks, beads and several smoking pipes, some engraved with dogs heads.
Although there were many peaceful interactions between the Anishinaabeg and the European settlers, there were also times of turmoil and war.
Warfare cost many lives on both sides. The Anishinaabe dealt with Europeans through the fur trade , intermarriage, and performance as allies. Europeans traded with the Anishinaabe for their furs in exchange for goods, and also hired the men as guides throughout the lands of North America. The Anishinaabeg women as well as other Aboriginal groups began to intermarry with fur traders and trappers.
French colonialists[ edit ] The earliest Europeans to encounter native peoples in the Great Lakes area were the French voyageurs. These men were professional canoe-paddlers who transported furs and other merchandise over long distances in the lake and river system of northern America.
Such explorers gave French names to many places in present-day Minnesota , Michigan and Wisconsin. The French were mainly trappers and traders rather than settlers. So in general they got along with the native peoples much better than the English did, who often were settlers and took the land from the native inhabitants of the country.
Much more often French people intermarried with American native women. British colonialists[ edit ] The ethnic identities of the Ojibwa, Odawa, and Potawatomi did not develop until after the Anishinaabeg reached Michilimackinac on their journey westward from the Atlantic coast.
Consequently, when the three Anishinaabe nations are mentioned in this specific order: Ojibwe, Odawa, and Potawatomi, it implies the Council of Three Fires as well. Potawatomi is a Central Algonquian language. In southern Ontario in Canada, it is spoken by fewer than 50 people. Though the Three Fires had several meeting places, they preferred Michilimackinac due to its central location. The Council met for military and political purposes. After the Europeans came into the country, the French built Fort Michilimackinac in the 18th century.
After the Seven Years' War , the victorious English took over the fort, also using it as a trading post. Through the totem -system a totem is any entity which watches over or assists a group of people, such as a family, clan or tribe  and promotion of trade, the Council generally had a peaceful existence with its neighbours.
However, occasional unresolved disputes erupted into wars. The Council notably fought against the Iroquois Confederacy and the Sioux. During the Seven Years' War, the Council fought with France and against England, as it had longstanding trade relationships with the French. Ceremonial warfare that was the predominant mode prior to European contact parallels older forms of European chivalry, where combatants met oftentimes one-on-one honor bouts.
These matches did not always end in casualties and they had no component of political or material gain attached. Later, the Anishinaabeg established a relationship with the British similar to that they had with the French. They formed the Three Fires Confederation in reaction to conflict with encroaching settlers and continuing tensions with the British Canadian government, as well as that of the new United States after it established independence at the end of the eighteenth century.
The letters of Colonel Henry Boquet and Jeffery Amherst of the British army reveal a plan to eliminate Anishnaabe people through the intentional distribution of smallpox infected materials at Fort Pitt circa Peter Harstead's article 'Sickness and Disease on the Wisconsin frontier' chronicles similar efforts made by Americans the fur company at Mackinac circa In the later case a cask of liquor was wrapped in an American flag.
Instructions were given that this gift not be opened until the Anishnaabe people present had returned to their home communities. Opening the gift early at Fon Du Lac people began to get sick, and one who had seen the disease before in Montreal recognized it as smallpox.
United States[ edit ] The Three Fires Confederacy had conflict with the new United States after the American Revolution, as settlers kept encroaching on their territory. Many Anishinaabe refugees from the Revolutionary War, particularly Odawa and Potawatomi, migrated north to British-held areas.
Those who remained east of the Mississippi River were subjected to the Indian Removal policy of the United States; among the Anishinaabeg, the Potawatomi were most affected. The Odawa had been removed from the settlers' paths, so only a handful of communities experienced removal.
For the Ojibwa, removal attempts culminated in the Sandy Lake Tragedy and several hundred deaths. The Potawatomi avoided removal only by escaping into Ojibwa-held areas and hiding from US officials. William Whipple Warren — , a United States man of mixed Ojibwe and European descent, became an interpreter , assistant to a trader to the Ojibwe, and legislator of the Minnesota Territory.
A gifted storyteller and historian, he collected native accounts and wrote the History of the Ojibway People, Based Upon Traditions and Oral Statements, first published by the Minnesota Historical Society in , some 32 years after his early death from tuberculosis.
However, they retained friendly relations with him and considered him as a "half brother" due to his extensive knowledge of the Ojibwe language and culture and the fact that he had Ojibwe ancestry through his mixed Ojibwe-French mother, Marie Cadotte. Warren identified the Crane and Loon clans as the two Chief clans among his mother's Anishinaabe people. Crane Clan was responsible for external governmental relationships, and Loon Clan was responsible for internal governance relationships.
Warren believed that the British and United States governments had deliberately destroyed the clan system, or the polity of governance, when they forced indigenous nations to adopt representative government and direct elections of chiefs.
Further, he believed such destruction led to many wars among the Anishinaabe. His work in its entirety demonstrated the significance of the clan system. Conflict continued through the 19th century, as Native Americans and the United States had different goals. After the Dakota War of , many Anishinaabe communities in Minnesota were relocated and further consolidated. Cities with Anishinaabe population also shown. The average human weighs pounds carrying weight of lbs in group times six humans, you now have the ability to carry 1, pounds.
Now let us take into account that these six humans could not move the logs, and then they would have weighed well over 1, lbs.
These giants were carrying 1, pound logs with ease. Super human strength is often attributed to the Nephilim. Dieterle Giants are a malignant race who flourished in primordial times before they were brought into check by the great spirits.
Although they would frequently sojourn on the island earth where humans live, their home is in a Spiritland on the other side of the Ocean Sea. There the wind blows cold and fierce, and the ground can be covered in snow.
Some of them protected their mortality by removing their hearts and wrapping them in bundles of feathers which they hid away on a platform. These Giants were killed by the Thunderbird, Ocean Duck, who found their hearts and burned them to ashes. Most seem to have belonged to the tribe of Bad Giants who indulge their appetite for human flesh, but the Good Giants have belied their name by abandoning the practice of eating people. This it was that caused them to eat humans. After that, they enjoyed the same food that humans ate.
Once humans were smaller and rather uniform in size. In ancient times men took Giant women as brides, and over time the admixture of the two bloods produced a race of variable heights such as we are today. Particularly large humans merely take after their Giant ancestors. Redhorn's father gave his Giant wife, Pretty Woman, an emetic which forced her to vomit up an ice cube. This was found to be the cause of her cannibalism. The Ice Giants were unconquerable by mere mortals, but they could be placated by offerings of tobacco, red feathers, and food, which were offered in the early evening.
The Wolf Spirit won the contest because he was able, unlike the Giants, to radiate heat whenever he sat atop a mound of snow. On occasions they massacred whole villages in order to eat the inhabitants. These games, however, were not idle sport, but contests in which lives were wagered on the outcome. If the humans won, they would kill the Giants wagered; if the Giants won, they would kill and eat the humans that they had won. Since the Giants were so large, they almost always won when they played against mortal humans.
Turtle, the spirit who invented war, was the most prominent and active of these. When the Giants prepared to engage in games or in war, they would generally paint themselves black from head to toe , although on other occasions, they were known to have painted themselves completely red. To get their dice, a Giant would pound his chest and cough up birds, which he would then throw up into the air like regular dice.
In keeping with the icy associations of the Giants, the species was usually the snowbird. Nevertheless, in whatever game they engaged, they were almost always defeated by the good spirits , the single exception being wrestling.
Although they were never able to out-wrestle Turtle, they were able to defeat both Redhorn and the Thunderbird, Storms as He Walks. As a warm-up, he grappled with an oak and pulled the entire tree out by the roots and slammed it to the ground.
This so frightened the Giants, that they fled and ceased to bother the humans for decades. After this indignity, they threw them across the sea. Four Giant brothers who lived in the heavens, along with other spirits, gave this man a warbundle and sacred warpath songs that led to many a victory. It was only because he was carrying a powerful medicine with him that he was able to fend off his huge opponent until his friends could come to his rescue.
These secret treasures, often of a controversial historical or religious nature, are thought to be suppressed by the Church because they might damage it's credibility, casting doubt on their official texts. The Smithsonian has also been accused of being invoved in this coverup. They have been suppressing archaeological evidence since the late 's. In the Smithsonian began rewriting history , promoting the idea that the Native Americans were the original Mound Builders. An idea that is accepted today.
In this intellectual war that started in the s, it was held that even contact between the civilizations of the Ohio and Mississippi Valleys were rare, and certainly these civilizations did not have any contact with such advanced cultures as the Mayas, Toltecs, or Aztecs in Mexico and Central America.
By Old World standards this is an extreme, and even ridiculous idea, considering that the river system reached to the Gulf of Mexico and these civilizations were as close as the opposite shore of the gulf. It was like saying that cultures in the Black Sea area could not have had contact with the Mediterranean.
When the contents of many ancient mounds and pyramids of the Midwest were examined, it was shown that the history of the Mississippi River Valleys was that of an ancient and sophisticated culture that had been in contact with Europe and other areas.
Not only that, the contents of many mounds revealed burials of huge men, sometimes seven or eight feet tall, in full armour with swords and sometimes huge treasures. A well-known historical researcher who shall remain nameless , told that a former employee of the Smithsonian, who was dismissed for defending the view of diffusionism in the Americas i.
There he put ashore six hundred lancers, targeteers, cross-bowmen, and harquebusiers, along with two hundred and thirteen horses.
As they ventured inland, the first Indians they encountered were friendly Timucuans. While some of their leaders were giants, most of these people stood, on average, only a foot taller than the explorers.
Their vast territory extended from Tampa Bay north to the present Jacksonville area and west to the Aucilla River, which runs along the eastern border of modern Jefferson County and empties into the gulf. As De Soto marched through the various Indian provinces, he met with their caciques.
It was his custom after these conferences to courteously "detain" the cacique and some of his nobles--as a precaution against attack. He also required them to furnish him with porters. The Indians' reaction to this policy varied. After some reluctance, the cacique of Ocala, "an Indian of enormous size and amazing strength,"12 finally agreed to become De Soto's "guest. But even while being detained, Vitacucho and his tall warriors secretly managed two serious uprisings.
Copafi, the cacique of the Apalachee around Tallahassee, described as "a man of monstrous proportions,"13 refused even to meet with De Soto, but a party led by the governor himself finally captured the giant and brought him in. After wintering at Ambaica Apalachee, the Spanish explorers crossed over into Georgia.
But there they received a kindly reception, with the nation of the Creeks greeting them everywhere in a warm, friendly manner. The several other caciques who guided them through the Carolinas and into Tennessee were, for the most part, also friendly, and even those who may have been offended by the governor's invitation to accompany him offered no serious objection.
So all went well--until De Soto's company reached the borders of the giant cacique Tuscaloosa. As suzerain over many caciques, he ruled a wide territory that included most of modern Alabama and Mississippi.
Though proud and haughty, Tuscaloosa sent an embassy headed by his huge son to greet and welcome De Soto and his men. Tuscaloosa's heir apparent, who, at eighteen years, already stood as tall as his father, came to De Soto while he stayed at Tallise, a large Indian town located on the bank of a great river. The young giant delivered to the governor the following communication from Tuscaloosa: "The grand cacique of Tuscaloosa, my master, sends me to salute you.
He bids me say, that he is told how all, not without reason, are led captive by your perfection and power; that wheresoever lies your path you receive gifts and obedience, which he knows are all your due; and that he longs to see you as much as he could desire for the continuance of life. Thus, he sends me to offer you his person, his lands, his subjects; to say, that wheresoever it shall please you to go through his territories, you will find service and obedience, friendship and peace.
In requital of this wish to serve you, he asks that you so far favor him as to say when you will come; for that the sooner you do so, the greater will be the obligation, and to him the earlier pleasure. Early on the morning of the third day, the governor, his master of the camp, and fifteen cavalrymen entered the village where he was quartered. Having heard daily reports from his scouts on De Soto's progress, the Indian chieftain was prepared to receive them in state. As they rode in, they saw Tuscaloosa stationed on a high place, seated on a mat.
Around him stood one hundred of his noblemen, all dressed in richly colored mantles and plumes. Tuscaloosa appeared to be about forty years old. His physical measurements, writes Garcilaso de la Vega, who accompanied De Soto, "were like those of his son, for both were more than a half-yard taller than all the others.
He appeared to be a giant, or rather was one, and his limbs and face were in proportion to the height of his body. His countenance was handsome, and he wore a look of severity, yet a look which well revealed his ferocity and grandeur of spirit. His shoulders conformed to his height, and his waistline measured just a little more than two-thirds of a yard. His arms and legs were straight and well formed and were in proper proportion to the rest of his body.
In sum he was the tallest and most handsomely shaped Indian that the Castilians saw during all their travels. Determined to excite his at ten-ti on, some spurred their horses up to his very feet, to which "he, with great gravity, and seemingly with indifference, now and then would raise his eyes, and look on as in contempt.
So the governor took him by the hand, and they walked together to the piazza. There they sat on a bench and talked for several minutes. Two days later De Soto decided to resume his journey toward Mobile. On these marches the cacique in custody always rode alongside the governor.
So De Soto ordered a horse for Tuscaloosa. But owing to the cacique's huge size and great weight, not even the largest horse they brought forward was able to bear him. At last, a pack horse accustomed to heavy burdens proved strong enough to carry the chief. But when he mounted Tuscaloosa's feet almost touched the ground. This description accords with Garcilaso de la Vega's statement that the chief stood a half-yard taller than the tallest men around him.
Though no one recorded Tuscaloosa's actual size, these two measurements give us some idea of his height. If these descriptions are accurate, then we cannot err too much in estimating his stature at about eight feet.
Even while they were on the trail to Mobile, De Soto's party encountered an ominous sign of what awaited them. Two soldiers turned up missing. The Spaniards suspected that the Indians caught the two men some distance from camp and killed them.
When De Soto questioned Tuscaloosa about their whereabouts, the cacique testily replied that the Indians were not the white men's keepers. Vigilance was now increased, and the governor dispatched two of his best men to Mobile under the pretext of making arrangements for provisions. Four days later, as the Spaniards approached the town, the scouts rode out to De Soto and reported that many Indians had gathered inside and that some preparations had been made.
They then suggested the army camp in the woods nearby. Unfortunately, the doughty De Soto refused to heed his scouts' advice. While the army waited, the governor with his small party approached the town and its high walls. Just then a welcoming committee of painted warriors, clad in robes of skins and head-pieces with many feathers of very brilliant colors, came out to greet them.
A group of young Indian maidens followed, dancing and singing to music played on rude instruments. The governor entered the town with Tuscaloosa, his son, and the cacique's entourage. Seven or eight men of his own guard plus four cavalrymen also accompanied him.
They seated themselves in a piazza. From here, De Soto saw that there were only about eighty houses, but several of them large enough to hold one thousand to fifteen hundred people. Unknown to him, more than two thousand Indian warriors now stood in concealment behind these walls, waiting. After some of the chief men from the town joined him, Tuscaloosa withdrew a short distance from De Soto. With a severe look, he warned the governor and his party to leave at once.
In attempting to regain custody of the chief, a tussle between a Spaniard and an Indian ignited an all-out war. Under a hail of arrows, De Soto and most of his men retreated from the village. The governor then ordered the town besieged. After a time, the Spaniards gained entry, set fire to the buildings, and conducted a massacre.
According to Alvaro Fernandez, about two thousand five hundred Indians died that day, while only eighteen Spaniards fell. Among the Indian dead was Tuscaloosa's giant son and heir apparent. Tuscaloosa himself escaped.
At the start of the battle, some of his chiefs, wanting to protect his life for the good of their nation, persuaded him to flee Mobile. Tuscaloosa reluctantly agreed, departing with twenty brave bodyguards soon after the battle began. So Narvaez decided to head south for the gulf coast and escape by the sea. Arriving there after much hardship, he and his men constructed five crude boats, in order to search along the coast for a Spanish settlement.
Unfortunately, a sudden, fierce storm caught them some distance from land. The high winds drove all the boats, with all their men aboard, far out to sea. All were subsequently lost except Cabeza de Vaca and three companions who managed to reach the shore.
They walked across Texas and northern Mexico, finally reaching the Pacific coast where they linked up with Francisco Vazquez de Coronado in After gazing upon his seven-foot, sixinch frame and witnessing his feats of great strength and agility, one-time British prizefighter champion Ben Caunt decided that did not matter.
He envisioned great things for Freeman in the ring and persuaded the young man to return with him to London. Before leaving, Caunt tipped the New York press.
The writers, of course, pounced on the story. They built Freeman up, giving him a fictitious record, while the editors caught their readers' attention with headlines proclaiming that the huge American was crossing the Atlantic to lay claim to the "Championship of the World. He also did a stint with the circus. The giant barman excited the Lion and Ball's regular crowd and attracted many new patrons, who got to see him for only the price of a whiskey.
Alaska Ivan T. While building an airstrip, his crew bulldozed a group of hills and discovered under several sedimentary layers what appeared to be human remains. The Alaskan mound was in fact a graveyard of gigantic human remains, consisting of crania and long leg bones. The crania measured from 22 to 24 inches from base to crown. Since an adult skull normally measures about eight inches from back to front, such a large crania would imply an immense size for a normally proportioned human.
Furthermore, every skull was said to have been neatly trepanned a process of cutting a hole in the upper portion of the skull. In fact, the habit of flattening the skull of an infant and forcing it to grow in an elongated shape was a practice used by ancient Peruvians, the Mayas, and the Flathead Indians of Montana. Sanderson tried to gather further proof, eventually receiving a letter from another member of the unit who confirmed the report.
The letters both indicated that the Smithsonian Institution had collected the remains, yet nothing else was heard. Arizona Click Here for More Information on Discoveries of Ancient Man in Arizona a Giant was unearthed in , when workmen in Crittenden, Arizona excavated a huge stone coffine that had evidently once held the body of a man 12 feet tall.
A carving on the granite case indicated tht he had six toes. The Arizona tracks. Tracks of a barefoot human child were found, in the late s, alongside some dinosaur tracks. The location was the Moenkopi Wash, near the little Colorado River in northern Arizona In , similar tracks were found not far from the Moenkopi site.
Many human tracks, dinosaur tracks, and a handprint of a child that had fallen. More adult tracks were found in The Arizona tracks are located in the Glen Canyon geological Group, which is part of late Triassic to early Jurassic strata and supposedly to million years old.
In addition to tridactyle dinosaur tracks, sheep tracks, bivalve prints, large amphibian and lungfish marks have been found. Over 60 human tracks have been mapped and photographed.
At a depth of 10 feet, Rowlands' shovel suddenly struck something large and solid. The object appeared at first to be a boulder, but excavating around it, Rowlands soon discovered that it was a large rock-sculptured head of a man.
It stood about 4 feet high, and the figure had a squared, protruding chin, small, tight-lipped mouth, a short nose, and a furrowed brow and stare accented by two flat "buttons" of inlaid gold for eyes. Two more gold discs ornamented the figure's ears, and a heart-shaped plug of copper was embedded in the chest.
The top of the head was covered by a carved hood that draped down the nape, and attached to a piece around the neck. Near the head, and in the same layer, Rowlands dug up a number of smaller objects: a gold ring, a small coffer made of volcanic pumice which does not exist in this region , and tiny carvings of men, animals, moons and stars. The head and artifacts soon became a local attraction, and the newspapers dubbed the glowering figure "King Crowley.
The museum curators, who also examined the artifacts and had double-checked and documented their discovery, were confident in the findings' authenticity to place them on public display.
At the same time, however, some of the small carving samples were mailed to the Smithsonian in Washington. The Smithsonian - being a far more conservative institution -described the carvings as truly "unexplained items," but could not reconcile the antiquity of the strata in which they had been brought to light. Finally, after fifteen years of vacillating on the subject, orthodoxy triumphed: The Smithsonian concluded that the Crowley Ridge artifacts could not be , years old as this contradicted established theory on the age of human civilization, and therefore declared the artifacts fakes.
Conforming to this prestigious conservative pronouncement, the Little Rock museum promptly took the stone head and other objects off display, and eventually sold them to unnamed private collectors. The "King Crowley" had was shipped off to California, and the rest of the collection was similarly scattered to the four winds.
Today, the location of even a single object is unknown. California The bones of a twelve foot tall man were dug up in by a group of soldiers at Lompock Rancho,California.
The skeleton was surrounded by giant weapons, and the skull featured a double row of teeth. In , soldiers digging at Lompock Rancho, California, discovered a male skeleton 12 feet tall. The skeleton was surrounded by caved shells, stone axes, other artifacts. The skeleton had double rows of upper and lower teeth.
Unfortunately, this body was secretly buried because the local Indians became upset about the remains. Miners in Lovelock Cave, California, discovered a very tall, red-haired mummy In This mummy eventually went to a fraternal lodge where it was used for "initiation purposes. There, in the center of the quartz, they discovered a cut-iron nail, six-penny size, slightly corroded but entirely straight, with a perfect head.
Starting out from Mexico City with some three hundred Spaniards and eight hundred native Indians, the Coronado expedition marched west to the Pacific Ocean.
Then turning north-ward, they ascended the coast through regions that later became known as Sinaloa and Sonora. While this march was underway, Hemando de Alarcon set sail with two ships up the coast, transporting the baggage and supplies for the soldiers. The original plan called for Alarcon and the army to keep in frequent touch and to rendezvous at suitable harbors along the coast.
So when the army reached the province of Senora, a force under Don Rodrigo Maldonado set out to find the harbor and scan the horizon for Alarcon's ships. Maldonado sighted no ships, but he did return with an Indian who stood so tall as to astonish the Spaniards.
Pedro de Castaneda, who accompanied Coronado and later wrote the most complete and factual history of the expedition, records this unusual event as follows: "Don Rodrigo Maldonado, who was captain of those who went in search of the ships, did not find them, but he brought back with him an Indian so large and tall that the best man in the army reached only to his chest.
It was said that other Indians were even taller on the coast. This great Indian tribe occupied the island of Tiburon and the adjacent Sonora coast on the Gulf of California. Historians testify to their tall stature. Soon after this, while still trying to establish contact with Alarcon, Captain Melchior Diaz came across another tribe of giants.