ADMINISTRATIVE ADMINISTRATIVE ADMINISTRATIVE THINKERS edited by ~global/ resources/ guides/portal7.info Retrieved on 3rd January, Sociology notes by AKSHAT KAUSHAL Pdf Download · No Comments | Read more. Apr 11 THE HINDU NEWSPAPER IMPORTANT. An Assignment On "Administrative Thinkers" Submitted To: Tasnuva Habib, Assistant Professor, Department of Public Administration, University Of Barisal.
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Administrative Thinkers D Ravindra Prasad - Free ebook download as PDF File . pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online for free. VS Prasad P Satyanarayana. Other Pub ad Optional Material. GS SCORE Public Administration Optional Test 5 & 6 With solution In “MAINS TEST”. Tags Administrative Thinkers Administrative Thinkers by Prasad And Prasad Pub ad Public Administration. thinkers identified administration as a distinct area to be studied independently. portal7.info~global/resources/guides/portal7.info Retrieved .
History[ edit ] Portrait of Woodrow Wilson Woodrow Wilson is credited with the politics-administration dichotomy via his theories on public administration in his essay, " The Study of Administration ". Wilson came up with a theory that politics and administration are inherently different and should be approached as such. It is removed from the hurry and strife of politics Administration lies outside the proper sphere of politics. Administrative questions are not political questions. Although politics sets the tasks for administration, it should not be suffered to manipulate its offices.
Chester Bernard: The function of the executive 3. Tilest, Kempner and Mills: Management Thinkers 4. Herbert Simon: Administrative Behaviour 5. Simon: The new science of Management Decision 6. March and Simon: Organization 3 7. Riggs: Administration in Developing Countries 8.
Riggs Ed. Weiduer Ed. Chandra Hirawat : Prashasanik Vicharak Hindi Ali : Eminent Administrative Thinkers Maheshwari : Administrative Thinkers Subsidiary Readings : 1.
Nicolos P. Mauzelis : Organization and Bureaucracy 2. Fermont E. East and James E. Rosenzwlew : Organization and Management 3. James March and Herbert Simon : Organization 4. William G.
Log In Sign Up. Administrative Thinkers by Siam. Obaidullah Siam. Obaidullah, Roll: The state will become successful only when the administration is good. The goal of the state is society itself. Hence, administration assumes criticality in a state. State is considered to be a deliberately created institution in order to achieve the goals of the society.
The study relating to public administration has been taking place from quite some time. In the due course of time, there have come up a number of crystallized ideas.
These ideas explain what, why and when of good government administration. There have been hundreds of individual efforts in this subject. The thinkers included in this volume have contributed substantially to the evolution of the discipline of Public Administration.
There are many more who have contributed for expanding the knowledge of Public Administration and stimulated research in the field. Space being a major limitation, including all those thinkers in this volume became very difficult. This does not, however, minimise the importance of their contributions. It, according to some, ranks in importance with Manusmri i and Kamashastra and fonns a triad with them in dealing with the three imperatives of the social philosophy of that time -Dharma, Kama, Artha.
It deals mainly with the science of Polity, which, according to Kautilya, is a combination of science of Wealth and Science of Government, Vittashastra Economics and Dandanithi Statecraft. To Kautilya, finances provide the sinews of government and financial considerations are paramount in the government's activities. Thus, his treatise adopts the political economy approach to the understanding of the problems of governance. Iyengar described Arthashastra "as an exceptionally able dissertation both on the aims of the State as well as on practical mans by which these aims can be achieved".
Arthashastra is both an analytical and a perspective document revealing amazing perception and mastery of detait Kautily's Arthashastra mainly discusses three asgects of the science of Public Administration,the principles of Public Administration, the machinery of Government and the management of perso1mel. The principles of administration are not explicitly dealt with in Arthashastra.
They are implied by the functions of the monarch, ministers, etc. The machinery of government, as described in the Arthashastra, is mainly related to the monarch, his relations with ministers, etc.
The problems of higher level personnel received greater attention than the lower level functionaries in Arthashastra. Though Fayol was criticised for evolving principles solely based on his personal experience, their importance lies in their role to build a general theory of administration.
In the history of administrative theory, Henri Fayol is assured of an enduring place, as one of the earliest known theoretical analysts of managerial activity. Woodrow Wilson, better than anyone else, integrated history, philosophy and the concept of the good society culture in a way to make order for students of Public Adminisvation. Wilson's seminal contribution "The Study of Administration" published in the Political Science Quarterly in , laid the foundation for a systematic study of public administration.
To many students, Wilson as an administrative theorist, may sound illogical as he did not propound any concept or theory but it was he who delm!
His "Study of Administration" stimulated interest among later scholars into this aspect of the functioning of the government. Wilson described administration as an art but emphasised that it be studied scientifically. He stressed the need to augment legal institutional analysis, with the panoply of science and art required to manage complex organisations of men and machines.
It was Wilson who emphasised the need for developing methods of enquiry, particularly comparative method, to study Public Administration.
His views expressed in the Study of Administration led to many controversies and varied interpretations. Taylor viewed the primary object ot management to be securing maximum prosperity to the employer and employee.
He suggested four principles-four principles of scientific management- a the development of a true science of work; b the scientific selection and progressive development of the workman; c the bringing together of the science of work and the scientifically selected and trained men; and d the constant and intimate cooperation of management and worker.
Application of these principles and the degree of success, according to Taylor, depend upon a 'mental revolution' advocated by bim, stipulates understanding and sharing of functions and responsibilities between the workers and management, for achieving increase in production logically resulting into more profits and more wages. In Taylorism's management is depend on five elements - 1. Science, not rule of thumb 2. Harmony,not discord 3.
Co-operation,not individualism 4. Maximum output, in place of restricted output 5. He defined scientific management era as superficial, oversimplified and lacked realism- criticized universal principles evolved by Fayol, Taylor, Gullick,, etc. Making Administration Rational, he recommended empirical approach to the traditionalists. Few others argued that Weber's bureaucracy which was essentially based or, the European experience-paticularly French and German'- Cannot be applieJ to the developing countries of Asia and Africa.
Notwithstanding the criticism, Weber's bureaucracy provides the very essential and basic framework, for understanding administrative organisations of the present day. The concern is primarily with the process by which the individual and the organisation adapt to the needs of each other. Argyris suggests, that the organisational objectives should reflect manifestations of individual goals. Such integration of goals could release the will on the part of the participants, to strive for the accomplishment of organisational goals.
The emergent three dimensional fusion is the basis for Argyris' fusion model. His book personality and organization deals with the relationship between individual and organization and criticizes the classical theory of organization- contributed to the growth of behavior approach- immaturity-maturity theory people in organizations have a tendency to grow from an immature state to a mature one - fusion process theory both the organization and the individual seek to attain self-realization self- actualization.
His comprehensive analysis lays emphasis on behavioural aspect within an organisation, but the relationships in a field of forces, affecting the component clements remain in a maze of confusion. His study is one of a descriptive character rather than prescriptive nature and is of interest to related academic exercises.
He analyses the blockades inhibitirtg effective fusion between organisation and its members.
His overview of leadership styles and interpersonal reactions in different organisations brings into fore the inadequacy of newtonian mechanics to describe the organisational dynamics.
His comparative analysis of organisational styies, directly discredits the authoritarian types of leadership as dysfunctional. He advocates a switchovcr, albeit gradually, from authoritarian modes to cooperative and participatory modes. He also investigates the mechanics of institutional structur.
The focus is on the systematic nature of enterprise and the motivational forces at work. The application of scientific procedures to respectively specific activities, such as selection and job- skill training are not included in his 'universe'.
This preclusion is intcntiomil. For, Likert recognises the role of psychiatrists in unravelling the mystery and leaves it to them. From the lower physiological and higher self-actualization. Abraham Maslow develops his theory of human motivation in terms of need hierarchy. He identifies five important needs, namely, physiological, security, social, self-esteem and self- actualisation.
According to Maslow, these needs can be arranged in hierarchical order wherein physiological needs arc at the bottom and self-actualisation needs on the top. If a need is not satisfied the individual experiences dissatisfaction and is always motivated to satisfy his needs.
A satisfied need, according to Maslow, ceases to be a motivator. Individuals first pay attention towards satisfying their lowest level, i. Once these basic needs arc fulfilled reasonably well, the individual loses interest in them and diverts his attention towards satisfying next level needs in the hierarchy, namely, security. When these needs arc also met, the individual addresses himself to the fulfilment of the next level needs in the hierarchy.
Maslow arranged human needs in a hierarchy. Its a system of peramid. Two factors theory involves in human behaviour theory.
Frederick Herzberg, through his studies in Pittsburgh, developed a theory of motivation which has broad implications for human resource management.
He concluded that workers have two different categories of needs which are independent of each olher but affect the human behaviour in many ways.