Gone with the Wind. Margaret Mitchell. This web edition published by [email protected] Adelaide. Last updated Wednesday, December 17, at To the best of . Scarlett O'Hara was not beautiful, but men seldom realized it when caught by her charm as the Tarleton twins were. In her face were too sharply blended the. Gone With the Wind At the Southern heart of the Civil War A still from the movie, Gone With the Wind, directed by Victor Fleming. The Great Invader is.
|Language:||English, Spanish, French|
|ePub File Size:||24.55 MB|
|PDF File Size:||8.68 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Sign up for free]|
GONE WITH THE WIND. Margaret Mitchell (). PART ONE. CHAPTER I . Scarlett O'Hara was not beautiful, but men seldom realized it when caught by. realized it when caught by her charm as the Tarleton twins were. In her face were too sharply blended the delicate features of her mother, a Coast aristocrat of. turned off and the lights in the studio go down, and I think about what women them the way Act Like a Lady, Think Like Head First Design Patterns.
We watched the movie as part of our unit on the American Civil War, and I was entranced. The epic scope, the romance and drama, and the lavish costumes all seemed tailor-made to sweep a thirteen-year-old girl off her feet. At around a thousand pages, it was the longest book I had ever read. And, again, I was enthralled. The book was full of subplots and secondary characters—a fully imagined world in which to immerse myself. This was the first time I realized that a book could be better than the movie.
To her, freeing them is nonsense and many Southerners thought the same. Unfortunately, they have to bear the tensions of the war with the Yankees invading Atlanta and Georgia and have no say on the matter. When Scarlett asks why the Yankees did not burn the house, her father replies that the house was used as their Head Quarters. However, all the Yankees did not cause havoc or harm them. Gerald O Hara goes on and explains that he could not possibly have left Tara. So he stayed. Soldiers needed food and places to live as the town was under siege.
Some preferred to get a few miles away from Atlanta and concentrate on their strategies. It should be noted that high-ranking officers and soldiers took the house, because it was not possible to seize every house for such purposes.
Many raids only meant that Yankees would storm to some inhabitants' houses and steal whatever valuable things they could find. We are in the middle of a crisis. Americans, stealing things from their citizens, violating the Fourth Amendment: Search and Seizure. When it is known that principles are not respected in time of wars, those tensions appear illegitimate in the eyes of slave owners. Apart from this battle at Fort Sumter and the protests after Lincoln was elected, Southerners did not control anything else and the machinery of the war was launched against them.
In the novel, they are clearly portrayed as the victims. The slaves help their masters and they try to cling onto anything left. The invading Yankee is the only foe and the only reason to explain their woes.
So, as Scarlett had the idea to go back home, all she wanted to do was rely on her mother that she missed, but Ellen is dead. Now, nothing will ever be like it used to be.
Prosperous and heaven- sent times definitely did fade away in the wind of cannons and cries. A few pages later, she repeats that sense of lost security due to the war; to the point the reader realizes she is obsessed with it.
Scarlet also wants to know whether cotton is still there or not, because Georgia was a huge cotton producer at the time and the Yankees had often requested to download their product because the North is not warm enough to harvest and crop it. But this, also, is gone.
One hundred and fifty million dollars worth of cotton lost—at the time, it was a huge amount of money. Under the Fugitive Slave Act for instance, they would give a Southerner a Century Note to capture a runaway slave, as it was the case with a female slave, Emily. The young O Hara witnesses this wreck helplessly: People in ravaged villages have to fight against the enemy, either directly or indirectly by bearing their offenses and surviving them.
Trying to further see what is left during the twenty-fifth chapter, we learn that the Confederate States will now use cotton to levy taxes with it instead of money.
To make matters worse, The Confederate government will take cotton for taxes in lieu of money, but three bales will not even cover a part of the taxes. Therefore, old days are gone. While she is alone, a Yankee comes to Tara with a horse. Silver was thrown in the well to avoid a seizure and valuable things were hidden. She killed a man, she realizes with horror that she had become a murderer, bold enough to defend her honor and life in front of the enemy.
In the end, it turns out that she was rather proud of her courage and of her actions. She then buries his body. In the following chapter, the Yankees return and Scarlett hides the money in Melanie's son's diaper. Soldiers rip open mattresses looking for money and when trying to take away Charles' sword, Wade knows that his father's sword belongs to him: For Gallantry. Buena Vista. Part Four: Chapter January We learn that Rhett was seen killing a ''nigger'' as that ''nigger'' insulted a black woman, so since Scarlett needs money to pay the taxes in Tara, three hundred dollars to be exact, she goes to the jail to see him when she learns that he might be hanged and tries to tell him that she would like to receive money from him in return she will be his mistress.
But Rhett replies that his money is not available now, so he had to decline her offer. However, the divide is still there.
Although the battles of The Civil War are over now and Atlanta recovers step by step, the good old days are gone and the population has to consent living with The Yankees, settled in town among Southerners. Former slaves, now free men, start to have an important role in the city, they are dressed with dignity and they can run their own business. Rhett and Scarlett meet again and he lends her money to download a sawmill, in the thirty-sixth chapter.
In the spring of as the Reconstruction period begins, work is available and there are many Yankees in town. The Reconstruction period was the time after the American Civil War when the Southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union.
Hereafter, Scarlett starts to call such reintegrated people "carpetbaggers", a person from the North who went down to the South after the Civil War to make a profit. She says they would steal anything, they were Yankees nevertheless and she despises them: From her sawmill, she is now selling lumber to Yankees and Yankees are building houses for the ''carpetbaggers''.
Atlanta turns a blind-eye to it, but they whispered She still hates the Yankees just as much as before, but she silences her principles for now. She also has to meet Yankee women and she hates them. Scarlett notes with scorn that mulattoes, interracial black and white couples, are beginning to appear in town. However, even though she thinks that Yankees were stupid and nothing else is expected from them anyway, the divide between the North and the South is still deep, despite the end of the war.
As proof, secret organizations were still protesting against this newly established nationwide order to defend The Cause, Ashley and Rhett were members of the Ku Klux Klan, a secret society of white Southerners in the United States, formed in the 19th century to resist the emancipation of slaves, which used terrorist tactics to suppress Black people From the , American English, ''Kuklux Klan'', also known as KKK is a made-up name, supposedly from Gk.
Originally an organization of former Confederate officers and soldiers, it was put down by the U. Revived in as a national racist Protestant fraternal organization, it gained prominence but died out in the s.
The group had a smaller national revival in the s as an anti-civil rights group, later with anti-government leanings.
But, had the men not promised they would not belong to the Klan? Again, we face a crisis within the minds of rebellious Southerners, who still think that this war was fought just to humiliate them, and they gradually despise former slaves because African Americans are now in power in town, over white people, as the fiftieth chapter opens.
Part Five: Elections are held in Atlanta and Democrats temporarily won, but during Christmas , when Scarlett is twenty-eight years old and Rhett forty-five and now married; the Republicans are back in power. The supremacy of the North over the South is complete. And Rhett is now gone with the wind, so Scarlett goes back to Tara because nothing ever mattered to her except her land.
She just needed The Civil War to realize that very fact. The selected and analyzed historical elements are a part of a recreated universe. An in medias res travel back to through a vision allows the reader to understand what the Civil War meant for a Southern State like Georgia. Atlanta is the symbol of the resistance of the South against the North. Before the war, it was a prosperous, productive and rich city, whose equilibrium, like Sparta's helots, relied upon cotton gathered by enslaved and black hands.
As the storm of the Civil War passed over the town, it swept away the old times when slave owners were in power and could produce the goods that the North needed but could not grow on its own. It is in this atmosphere that the reader got to know the points of views of many men and of a woman, whose fate was torn by the war.
Wedded three times, tortured by the course of the war, losing her first two husbands due to it, and helplessly watching her third going away, filled with scorn and desolation that the old times would never come back, to her, Scarlett embodies the figure of the South.
She is this careless and prosperous Atlanta at first, who had to understand the war and kill a man to defend her liberty, who was stronger than a man because she always believed in her land and that her roots were her only source of courage.
She never gave up: At the end of the novel, she is left alone With Tara, her land, and the promise that, over this desolation, she will grow something new. In a way then, she is also the future visage of a new nation, mending its wounds and believing that the future should be built on what it is good. Maybe, this is the reason why this novel is so famous. Not only did it tell one of the bloodiest event in American history, but it also opened up to a new world, to new promises, to a new age.
The novel finishes on these words: She stood for a moment remembering small things, the avenue of dark cedars leading to Tara, the banks of cape Jessamine bushes, vivid green against the white walls, the fluttering white curtains. And Mammy would be there. Mammy, the last link with the old days. With the spirit of her people who would not know defeat, even when it stared them in the face, she raised her chin. She could get Rhett back. She knew she could.
I can stand it then. After all, tomorrow is another day. What would Pa say?
Pa always told me that Beaux and love and quarrels had little to no importance. And Mother, oh dear and gentle mother! Why did you have to go! And Rhett, oh Rhett, that rascal, that boasting Charlestonian left me all alone. So what if he did? I have an empire before my eyes, and the horizon line is drawn above my future success. I have a legacy, I am an half Irish woman, Fiddle-dee-dee! I will not let anyone block my way now! Oh, Tara, dear, dear Tara! Rising and opening the doors of her home, letting a new morning gleam in Oh Pa!
No matter what the war did to me, no matter if I was ashamed when a negro forcefully opened my basque and if Ashley was wounded through the shoulder and my second husband, Frank Kennedy killed because they had to avenge me by going to this meeting with the Klan. Yes, I had to lie all my young life, but those lies were nothing compared to my stolen childhood!
Damn Yankees! To think, to think that I had to sell them lumbers to survive as they invaded Atlanta even after the war.
Yes, many respectable women in town thought I was ill-bred with no morals. I stole my sister's beau, Frank, because I needed to pay a stupid and enormous tax of three hundred dollars on Tara.
And I had to kill a man. Do I regret it when I pulled the trigger? Not one bit! He deserved it, he had to pay for all the violence and all the injustices I had to face. Oh, me, a O Hara, forced to stain my hands with blood, almost fainting before hideous faces of soldiers, me, a O Hara, forced to gather the last balls of cotton, under the hell of a sun, burning my tired back. However, my tears of perspiration meant nothing compared to my tears of desperation.
I was the only one who cared about what my beloved parents had built. I did not flee, I did not flinch before the name of Sherman. Everybody was afraid but I knew that if I wanted to survive, I had, like Rhett, to smile and trade with the enemy, my iron hand handed to them in a velvet glove. As a woman, I knew I needed the money of a man to start saving for Tara and building up my future.
No, I didn't love neither Charles nor Frank, although they made me carry their babies. I did love this arrogant and violent Rhett Butler and my little four-year-old passed-away daughter, Bonnie Blue Butler. She meant the victory of what was left of the Confederacy but fell as she was horseback riding. Why did God take her? He could have claimed that stupid Ella Kennedy, or even little Wade.
And Rhett was a man who gambled with women and money, he even paid regular visits to a lady of a bad reputation, oh, curse them all! He, who left me one mile away from Tara, as I had to take care of a fainted Melanie and her newborn baby, trying to silence Prissy's screams of terror as she heard cannons echoing near. That stupid darkie who pretended she knew how to deliver and in fact lied, as I had to help Melanie to deliver her child, reminding me of my own pain and torture as I had to beget my first Oh, just to recall all the flies and the terrible smell of blood in the room, in a war-torn town, and screams, and patriotic voices of negroes Never, never, it should never happen again, as God is my witness!
They said they would fight the war in a few days, that they'd draw the Yankees back into the North! And Abe Lincoln was elected! I mean, really, what a foolish idea to keep women away from politics! I, I, I would have joined the army and I would have shown them how they should fight!
To fill what purposes? Free our darkies!? Foolish Northerners! They cannot understand that our land, our Southern land is blessed with fertile and luxuriant cotton fields, ah, but they knew how much each ball costs, for sure, because they destroyed our lives and properties to seize it! Seize it! They stole from us and their so- called laws allowed them to do so! First, it was the railroad, then, Atlanta as a whole, and then, oh, horrible thing that a war is, I had to see them build houses for themselves with my lumbers But I knew my revenge would soon come.
During meetings with those stupid and rich Yankee women, I listened, containing my anger, answering their silly questions, patiently, meditating on how I could make them pay back for the injustice!
Because it destroyed us all Landscapes I knew like the back of my hand were blown away Those brutes Oh, I swear to God, I hate them! Pouring herself another glass of brandy and drinking it down Oh, Mother, what would you say if you could see your daughter, with her disheveled hair, drink that brandy To think that I even had to drink some Eau de Cologne to conceal the smell of my brandy when Rhett knocked on my door I have done so many things, so many things Mother, because I could not stand grazing the thought of being hungry again, of having to tear a green velvet curtain and ask Mammy to make me a new dress to charm Rhett when he was jailed.
I needed that money from him for Tara and I knew I could not in my state because the other were stained and dirty from my labor in the cotton field Like a slave, like a stupid slave, the sun smote my back with its burning lashes No better than a slave Oh, that brandy I know that women should not drink, but who cares now?
I am the only one to decide what do to and I am not inclined to let them tell me what I can or cannot do. Back when I was with Rhett, I could download what I wanted and say what I fancied, I could finally tell those who despised me and disapproved of me to go to hell!
And I see no reason why this time should be over. I will go back to this period, I am young and beautiful, I will get a hold of myself and fight back, gather, mend and build. No one, not even Sherman or any man should ever stand in my way!
I will take care of Pa's and Mother's legacy, and if they could see me, they would say they had a courageous daughter who grew into a charming and cunning woman They would be so proud of me I will be the new Belle again This young man I loved for years did not love me one bit and, during all this time, Rhett could not take his eyes off me, and I did not know, but now, I know!
Oh, Rhett! The only one who helped me escape from the hospital collapsing with screams of agony and crawling lice on dead fleshes, who called me his ''pet'' and who would hold me in his arms when the terrible specter of doom, famine and chaos on Tara, would come back. But, the despicable rascal, he said: I will stand it until the end!
I don't care if I'm alone in my struggle whatsoever! Ah, they thought they won, they thought they were right to free our slaves! I think not! What's left now is a desolated land, as those stupid, stupid slaves are probably preening their plumages, oh, those boasting birds! No better than a Yankee! Well, they can sit tight right where they are now, for all I care!
I did not ask for this series of troubles! I had neither a point of view nor a mixed feeling knowing that Abe Lincoln could be sworn into office! Did women say anything for that matter? They did not. And what did they gain from it? The loss of their beloved husbands and families And for what? To give freedom to some slaves!
But those dear slaves, those serving in my household were gently and equally treated, I loved my faithful darkie, Pork, and Mammy, oh, sweet and rough Mammy! I did not want them to go away with the other who deserted the house, running like a bat out of hell And those two did not! Tell me I have no heart toward them darkies!
I even offered Pork Pa's watch for his loyal services Really, those damn Yankees did not understand a single thing about the relationship a Southerner had with their slaves Why should we hand over our slaves! You Yankees treated us cruelly, mockingly, far worse than what I ever did to a darkie For instance, when Prissy was idling as Melanie was in a critical condition because her son would soon come, I slapped my slave's thirteen years old back, but Melly's screams stopped me Us, Southerners, barbarous?
Them Yankees sure despised us more than they pretended we'd with our slaves Did our slaves burn down our house? Did our slaves threaten us with a gun?
Did our slaves steal our food? They did not, they never did, whereas Yankees did. Oh, I'm so glad to have killed one of them vulgar thief! In the official credits filed with the Screen Writers Guild , Sidney Howard was of course awarded the sole screen credit, but four other writers were appended Jo Swerling for contributing to the treatment, Oliver H.
Garrett and Barbara Keon to screenplay construction, and Hecht, to dialogue Director George Cukor , with whom Selznick had a long working relationship and who had spent almost two years in pre-production on Gone with the Wind, was replaced after less than three weeks of shooting. Emanuel Levy , Cukor's biographer, claimed that Clark Gable had worked Hollywood's gay circuit as a hustler and that Cukor knew of his past, so Gable used his influence to have him discharged.
Although some of Cukor's scenes were later reshot, Selznick estimated that "three solid reels" of his work remained in the picture. As of the end of principal photography, Cukor had undertaken eighteen days of filming, Fleming ninety-three, and Wood twenty-four.
Garmes completed the first third of the film—mostly everything prior to Melanie having the baby—but did not receive a credit.
With that amendment, the Production Code Administration had no further objection to Rhett's closing line.
Warner Bros. Steiner spent twelve weeks working on the score, the longest period that he had ever spent writing one, and at two hours and thirty-six minutes long it was also the longest that he had ever written.
The score is characterized by two love themes, one for Ashley's and Melanie's sweet love and another that evokes Scarlett's passion for Ashley, though notably there is no Scarlett and Rhett love theme. The theme that is most associated with the film today is the melody that accompanies Tara, the O'Hara plantation; in the early s, "Tara's Theme" formed the musical basis of the song "My Own True Love" by Mack David. In all, there are ninety-nine separate pieces of music featured in the score.
Due to the pressure of completing on time, Steiner received some assistance in composing from Friedhofer, Deutsch and Heinz Roemheld , and in addition, two short cues—by Franz Waxman and William Axt —were taken from scores in the MGM library. The film was still a rough cut at this stage, missing completed titles and lacking special optical effects. It ran for four hours and twenty-five minutes, but later was cut to under four hours for its proper release.
A double bill of Hawaiian Nights and Beau Geste was playing, and after the first feature it was announced that the theater would be screening a preview; the audience were informed they could leave but would not be readmitted once the film had begun, nor would phone calls be allowed once the theater had been sealed. When the title appeared on the screen the audience cheered, and after it had finished it received a standing ovation. Sometimes I think it's the greatest picture ever made. But if it's only a great picture, I'll still be satisfied.
It was the climax of three days of festivities hosted by Mayor William B. Hartsfield , which included a parade of limousines featuring stars from the film, receptions, thousands of Confederate flags and a costume ball. Eurith D.
Rivers , the governor of Georgia, declared December 15 a state holiday. An estimated three hundred thousand residents and visitors to Atlanta lined the streets for up to seven miles to watch a procession of limousines bring the stars from the airport.
Upon learning that McDaniel had been barred from the premiere, Clark Gable threatened to boycott the event, but McDaniel persuaded him to attend.
After reaching saturation as a roadshow, MGM revised its terms to a 50 percent cut and halved the prices, before it finally entered general release in at "popular" prices. In doing so, a number of shots were optically re-framed and cut into the three-strip camera negatives, forever altering five shots in the film.
It was attended by Selznick and many other stars of the film, including Vivien Leigh and Olivia de Havilland;  Clark Gable had died the previous year.
It was released theatrically one more time in the United States, in It became at that time the highest-rated television program ever presented on a single network, watched by Frank S.