Recently, the Kinesio Taping (KT) method is popularly used in sports  D. C. K. Kase, Illustrated Kinesio Taping Manual, Kent-Kai,. Tokyo. All images and text are copyrighted and property of the Kinesio Taping Association. ▫ Tape applied to paper substrate with. 10% stretch. ▫ Elasticity to 60% of. Views 12MB Size Report. DOWNLOAD PDF Birgit Kumbrink K Taping An Illustrated Guide 4 Basics 4 Techniques 4 Indications Birgit Kumbrink K Taping An.
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KENZO KASE OVER 30 YEARS AGO, KINESIO TAPING HAS BECOME THE GOLD STANDARD . The Illustrated Kinesio Taping Manual covers the essentials. Ilustrated Kinesio Taping - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. A Kinesio Taping é Illustrated Kinesio Taping' Introduction . in a stretched position. Then the tape is applied from one end of the muscle to the other with very little to no stretch on the tape.
The region from the axilla to the elbow is known as the arm upper arm , and from the elbow to the wrist is the forearm. The front of anterior surface of the arm and forearm is separated from the back or posterior surface. The anterior palmar or volar muscles act in fiexion while the posterior dorsal muscles work in extension. In the upper extrernity the arm is connected to the forearm by the elbow joint, and the hand is connected to the forearrn by the wrist. There is also sorne contribution from C4. As the nerve roots pass betwecn the anterior and rniddle scalene muscles in tile neck, they group together to forrn the upper C5, C6 , middle C7 and! Deep to the middle of the clavicle, the trunks split into anterior and posterior divisions.
Deep to the middle of the clavicle, the trunks split into anterior and posterior divisions. The anterior divisions then separate into medial and lateral cords while the posterior division changes its name to posterior cord. The final branches from the cords are narned as peripheral nerves which innervate the upper extrernity stnictures.
The periphcral nerve branches and the muscles they inncrvate are as foliows. The dorsal scapular nerve to the rhomboids, the suprascapular nerve to supraspinatus and infraspinatus, thc nerve to subclavius muscle, and the long thoracic nerve to the serratus anterior muscle al!
No nerves come from the leve! The medial cord gives risc to the media! The lateral cord of thc plexus gives rise to the lateral pectoral nerve which innervates pectoralis major but The posterior cord gives off the axillary nerve to the deltoid and teres minor muscles, the upper and lower subscapular nerves that innervate the subscapularis muscle, the rniddle subscapular also called the thoracodorsal nerve goes to the latissirnus dorsi muscle, and the radial nerve.
The ulnar nerve innervates the flexor carpi ulnaris and part of the flexor digitorum profundus, then traveis to the hand where it is motor to the muscles associated with the little finger and the deep intrinsic hand muscles dorsal and volar interosseii, and adductor pollicis. It is also sensory to the volar and dorsal surfaces of the little finger and half of the ring finger. The radial nerve innervates all of the extensor muscles of the arm triceps brachii, aconeus, supinator, brachioradialis , then divides into a deep branch which innervates ah of the extensor muscles of the forcarm extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis, extensor digitorum, extensor pollicis longus and brevis, extensor indicis, extensor ulnaris, abductor pollicis longus.
The superficial branch of the radial nerve traveis to the dorsum of the hand where it is a sensory nerve. The median nerve innervates the flexor muscles of the forearm including the palmaris longus, flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris, pronator teres, flexor digitorum superficiahis, part of the flexor digitorum proflindus, flexor pollicis longus and pronator quadratus. The nerve then traveis into the hand where it gives off a motor nerve to the short muscles of the thumb flexor pollicis brevis, abductor pollicis brevis and opponens pollicis and a sensory nerve that supphies the volar surface of the thumb, mdcx and long fingers, and halfofthe ring finger.
These symptoms and associated signs may be described as cervical dise or cervical vertebral syndrome. It is not uncommon that inflammation of periphetal nerves, without neccssarily having a direct link to the cervical vertebrae, can cause stiffneck and shoulder pain.
Certain occupational overuse conditions of the upper extremity may cause chronic inflammation of the brachial plexus cornponents. Generaily, brachial plexus syndrome, cervical pain, shoulder pain, arm pain and paresthesias are groupcd together as shoulder-arrn-ncck syndrome cervical syndrome.
Adhcre "V" section of tape to 4th and 5th carpo-metacarpo joints in cxtension. Extend elbow, and puil tape to posterior section of shoulder. Affix tape over upper part of scapula as far as spinous process of first thoracic vertebrae. They also rotate the neck to the opposite side when used unilaterally.
The scalene muscles elevate the lst and 2nd ribs during inspiration, so they havc a large influence on respiration. The involvement of the anterior scalene can be detected whcn the neck is flexed to the painful side where the referred pain extends from the 3rd to 4th cervical vertebrae to the upper border of the clavicle. The referral pattern from posterior scalene is from mid-cervical leveis to the upper shoulder region as well as the medial bordcr of the scapula.
Adhere along side of neck to finish. They also rotate the neck to the opposite side when used uni! The scalene muscles elevate the lst and 2nd ribs during forced inspiration, so they have a large influence on respiration.
The involvement of the anterior sca! The referral pattern from posterior scalene is from mid-cervical leve! Cervical sprain, cervical spine syndrorne, shoulder girdle syndrornes, cervical disc hernia. Adhere tape along side of neck to finish. Bilateral contraction causes neck flexion so that the chin is thrust forward.
The muscle may also help in respiration by elevating the sternum. Place tape base on mastoid process of temporal bone of skull. Apply medial tape tail over sternal head of muscle. Apply tape over clavicular fibers to finish. Be sure to check whether or not tape is pulling on client's neck. Posterior surface of manubrium of sternum and medial end of clavicle.
Longus capitis and longus colli muscles act bilaterally to fiex the neck and head against the puil of the posteriorly located sernispinalis and suboccipital muscles which are extensors of thc cervical region. Ifthe longus muscles act unilaterally, they will side bend the neck and head to the same side. Longus colli rotates the neck to the opposite side if it acts by itself. Sternohyoid and thyrohyoid muscles act to stabilize the hyoid bone in swallowing, coughing and speech functions.
Last 3 or 4 ribs. Spinous processes of sacrum and inferior angle of scapula. From thc lower haif of the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae, the belly of the muscic graduahly becomes thinner, and at the lateral border, it winds medially forward. In both adduction and internal rotation of the shoulder joint, latissimus dorsi has a rnuch stronger action than does the pectoralis major.
Latissimus also pulis the hurnerus and scapula inferiorly. If this action ceases, it is not possible to support the body weight by the upper extremity. It has been suggested that there may be a relationship bctween latissimus dorsi and the pancreas whereby dysfunctions in this muscle may affect diabetes, hyperinsuhinism, hypoglycernia, and other sucrose metabolic diseases.
However, this relationship has not been well studied. Gradually fiex trunk away and apply tape along course of muscle belly. Adhere the tape to the lesser tubercie of humerus.
The upper fibers can bc further subdivided into superior and inferior regions. Fibers of the superior region help in raising the upper cxtrernity, while those of the inferior region help to raise the cxtremity while at the same time act to upwardly rotate and adduct the scapula. When carrying objects, the upper trapezius works to support the distal end of the clavicle and acromion, thus acting as a countcrweight. Cervical disc bernia, cervical and brachial symptoms, stiff shouldcr, cervical sprain.
Apply other end of tape to acromion while rotating the head toward the involved sidc. Spinous processes of 7th cervical and upper thoracic vertebrae.
The middle trapezius assists in adduction of the scapula. If the middle trapezius becomes weak, then as the upper Iimb is raised the scapula slides lateraily. Cervical disc bernia, cervical and brachial symptorns, stiff shoulder, cervical sprain.
The lower trapezius assists in upward rotation of the scapula, but it also depresscs and adducts the scapula. When the lower trapezius is not working, the scapula is not stabilized and there is not sufficient upward rotation of the glenoid for full flexion of the humerus. Cervical dise bernia, cervical and brachi al symptoms, sti ff shou ider, cervical sprain.
Fully extend the shoulder and retract scapula. Then adduct arrn across front of body, and side bend upper tumk to opposite side to affixed tape taus. When one side is involved in movement, it helps in side flexion of the vertebral column. When the head is raised and when standing straight as in good posture, this muscle becomes active.
It also functions to compress the abdominal contents. If thc rectus abdominis is weak, the lower back beconies tircd and frequently pain or aching is felt. When only one side is wcak, the movement of the shoulder on the opposite side becomes less active and more difficu!
In many cases during prcgnancy, supp! The transversus abdominis helps the rectus abdominis during trunk flexion, and also in compressing the abdominal viscera during the expiration phase of respiration. When the fibers of one side act, the result is lateral flexion and rotation of thc trunk to the opposite side. Gradually rotate trunk away from the side of involvernent. Anterior haif of crest of iliurn. Lumbar fascia. Linea alba by aponeurosis.
Inferior border of th ribs. FUNCTION The interna] abdorninis oblique runs in 3 directions, and helps in flexion of the lum bar spine and in rotation of the spine to the same side. This muscle is mainly concerned in active rotation of the spinal colurnn. Adhere base of tape to region of anterior superior iliac spine ASIS. Dorsum of xyphoid process.
Inner surface of lower 6 costal cartilages and lower 6 ribs on either side, interdigitating with the transversus abdom ini s. Bodies of upper lumbar vertebrae and by 2 fibrous arches on either side which span from the vertebrae to the transverse processes. FUNCTION The diaphragm is a thin, dome-shaped muscle which separates the chest from the abdominal cavity by its skeletal attachments to the sternum, ribs and lumbar vertebrae.
In the center of the diaphragm is thc central tendon in the shape of an inverted "y" and into which insert all of the diaphragmatic muscle fibers. When the diaphragrn contracts, the abdominal viscera are compressed and a negative pressure is formed in the thoracic cavities. This results in the inspiratory phase of respiration. Expiration occurs when the diaphragm relaxes. Thc lower ribs expand to allow decp breathing. When diaphragmatic muse le imbalance occurs, the diaphragm will be either raised or lowered.
This in turn may be related to such complicated symptorns as hiccups, breathing difficulties, visceroptosis, and may also be associated with angina pectoris. Elevated diaphragm with increased intrathoracic pressure, angina pectoris, stomach ache. Adhere the base of about in. Affix tape taus at the point of maximLlm rib cage expansion. Inner surface of lower 6 costal cartilages and lower 6 ribs on either side, interdigitating with the transversus abdominis.
FUNCTION The diaphragm is a thin dome-shaped muscle which separates the chest from the abdominal cavity by its skelctal attachments to the sternum, ribs and lumbar vertebrac. In the center of the diaphragm is the central tendon in the shape of an inverted "V" and into which insert all of the diaphragmatic muscle fibers.
When the diaphragm contract, the abdominal viscera are compressed and a negative pressure is formed in the thoracic cavities. This results in the inspiratory phase ofrespiration. The lower ribs expand to aflow deep breathing. When diaphragmatic muscle imbalance occurs, the diaphragm will be either rai sed or lowered.
This in tum may be related to such complicated symptoms as hiccups, breathing difficulties, visceroptosis, and may also be associated with angina pectoris. Adhere base of about inches of the tape to spinous process ofTl2. Bend body slightly forward and adduct both amis to open the posterior section of the lower rib cage.
Affix tape at the point of maximum rib cage expansion. ORIGIN Comrnon origins of the erector spinae muscle group are the posterior sacrum, ji iac crest, sacrotuberous ligarnent, dorsal sacroiliac ligamcnt, spinous processes ofTi vertebrae and their interspinous ligarnents, and thoracolurnbar aponeurosis. Their overail function is to extend the vertebral column which is of major importance in maintenance of upright posture and the ability to move the body forward.
Thc iliocostalis is the most iaterally located, followed by the longissirnus and the spinalis most mcdially. Iliocostalis and longissirnus also lateraily bend the trunk. Superior fibers of longissimus and spinalis also extend the head.
Lumbar pain syrnptorns myofascial pain syndrome , lumbar disc hernia, lumbar deformation, inflamrnation of floating ribs. Appilcation can be utilized on a bilateral basis. As client gradually bends forward, apply one of the tape taus along the course of the muscle. Apply 2nd tape tail in the same manner along the course of the muscle to finish.
Posterior surface of sacrum and coccyx. Sacrotuberous ligament. Thus, this rnuscic extcnds approximately 15' , adducts , externally rotates approximately 45 and slightly abducts the thigh. The gluteus maxirnus is especially active when it is used to risc from a sitting position or when climbing stairs.
Lumbago, sciatica, coxitis inflarnrnation of hip joint , inflammation of sacro-iliac joint. T lex fernur, a!
Abduct thigh and adhere anterior tape tall as femur is gradually lowered to starting position. Gluteal aponeurosis. They also internally rotate the femur. Their prirnary function is to keep the pelvis level when the opposite leg and foot are raised.
When the superior fibers of gluteus maximus are unable to act as abductors of the thigh, gluteus medius and minirnus are strong enough to perform this function thernselves. Anterior fibers of gluteus medius assist in flexion of the femur while posterior fibers help in extension.
Gluteus minirnus works in abduction and interna] rotation of the hipjoint, and it also helps the gluteus rncdius in its functions.
The anterior tape tajl is affixcd as the abducted hip is Iowered to starting pos i tion. By itself, this muscle abducts, internally rotates and flexes the thigh. Because it courses anterior to the axis of the knee, it also helps keep the knee extended. Intervertebral dise herniation, inflammation of the hipjoint, irritation of the lateral kneejoint, sciatica from the upper lumbar vertebrae.
While gradually adducting leg, adhere tape at the point of maximum adduction. Although the rnajority of this muscle is found in the anterior compartrnent of the thigh, it functions to fiex and intcrnally rotate thc knee joint.
When sartorius is weak, it causes angling of the pelvis and knee pain, most frequcntly seen in the medial part of the knee joint. The name of the muscle comes from thc position of sitting cross-legged on the fioor, a position once used by tailors hundreds of years ago. Completed taping in supine position.
When waiking, care should be taken that tape does not puli. Adhere tape base to region of proxirnal part of medial surtce to tibia, medial border. Inferior ramus of pubis, ranius of ischium.
Body of pubis inferior pubic crcst. Body and inferior ramus of pubis. Superior ramus of pubis. Gluteal tuberosity, linea aspera, medial supracondy!
Middlc third of linea aspera. Pectineal une and proximal linca aspera. Superior part of medial tibia. Pectineal line of femur. The adductor magnus is divided into an adductor portion and a harnstring portion. The adductor portion adducts and flexes the thigh, while the harnstring portion adducts and extcnds the thigh. Adductor magnus is also a weak internal rotator of the hip joiflt. Thc adductor longus adducts and flexes the fernur, and also helps in rotation of the femur, but weakly.
The adductor brevis adducts and flexes the femur, arid is a weak hip rotator.
The graci! The pectineus muscle adducts and flexes thc thigh, and also helps with internal rotation at the hip joint. L2, L3, L4; Obturator and Tibial nerves. L2, L3, L4; Obturator nerve. L2, L3; Obturator nerve. L2, L3 Obturator and femoral nerves.
F Adhere one end of tape just dista] to groin. This muscic acts with the obturator internus, superior and inferior gemcllae, and quadratus femoris to steady thc head of the femur in the acetabu!
Paresthcsias or pain may result from this iiip 1 ngcrnent. While fiexing hip towards chest, affix tape. First adhere the base at greater trochanter. Next adhere one end of tape towards sacrum.
Anterior inferior iliac spine, groove aboy e acetabulurn. Distal half of intertrochanteric une, medial hip of tinca aspera and proximal part of medial supracondylar une. Upper haif of intertrochanteric une, anterior and inferior rim of greater trochanter, lateral 1 ip of gluteal tuberosity, proximal haif of lateral hp of linea aspera.
There appears to not be a reason to differentiate a speciatized subdivision called vastus medialis obliquus. Within this group only rectus femoris traverses two joints. This means that this muscle is used in the movement oftwojoints. This subdivision of thc quadriceps acts to help iliopsoas to fiex the thigh.
S Adhere base of tape to the belly of quadraceps fernoris and une tape up towards patella. Ischial tuberosity. Linea aspera. Posterior part of medial tibial condyle. Anteromedial part of proximal tibia. Fibular head. Cornmon peroneal nerve Short head of Biceps femoris. FUNCTION Thc semimembranosus, semitendinosus and long head of the biceps femoris act to extend the thigh and they also are strong fiexors of the knee joint.
The semimembranosus and semitendinosus muscles can internally rotate the leo. The short head of the biceps femoris flexes the leo and externally rotates it at the kneejoint.
When the thigh and leo are flexed, thesc muscles can also extend thc trunk through tileir action on thc pelvis. In short, the hamstring muscles are able to stabilize the lumbar region, cxtend the thigh from the fiexed position, and help in internal and external rotation of the leg at thc kneejoint. Internal derangement of the knee, osteoarthritis of the knee, damage to the tibial collateral ligament, damage to the semi-lunar cartilage. As knee R is gradually extended, adhere 2nd tape tail to other side of knee.
Adhere tape base of proxirnal thigh in une with ischial tuberosity. As knee is gradually extended, apply tape tail to one side of knee. Lateral condyle and posterior part of medial condyle. Proximal and posterior part of medial condyl e. This group consists of soleus, gastrocncmius and plantaris muscles. Since they enter the foot on the medial side, they also are veiy strong invertors of the ankle and foot.
WIDTH Inflamrnation of the Achille's tendon, ankle conditions, pain on the plantar surface of the heel. First, adhere base of tape to plantar surface of heel. Adhere tape overAchille's tendon as ankle is dorsiflexed. Adherc tape overAchille's tendon as ankle is dorsifiexed.
With ankle plantar flexed to maximum, adherc tape. Start by fixing "y" section of tape to great toe. Planter fiex ankle to maxirnum and affix tape. Plantar surface of base of 1 st metatarsal and medial cuneiform bones. Because they enter the foot posterior to fue joint axis, they also plantar fiex the ankle and foot.
These muscles act to resist inversion ankle sprain. Adhere base of tape to base of 5tth metatarsal for peroneus brevis, or along medial part of instep just in front of calcaneus for peroneus longus.
Apply tape and hoid tape down on latera! This muscle is extrernely necessary in maintaining balance and in support of the longitudinal arch. Pain in the base of the heel, longitudinal arch, dropped arch fiat foot ; turf toe in athietes. Firstly wrap the "V" section around great toe. Affix tape to posterior aspect of heel to finish. There are also instances wherc the fee!
Ncxt, if the intervertebral disc of L5-S exerts pressure on the nerve root of SI, then paresthesia and pain can result. These are noted in thc back of the thigh, calfand along the Achille's tendon into the heel and lateral borders of the 4th and Sth toes.
There may be associated weakness of the plantar fiexors of the ankle, both superficial and deep, and toe fiexors as well. The lumbar plexus is formed from spinal roots of L and part of L4. This plexus innervated the anterior and medial parts of the thigh for both motor and sensory activity. Thus, both the femoral and obturator nerves come fi-orn this part of the nervous system. The lumbosacral plexus comes from part of L4 plus LS.
Si, S2, S3 and S4. It is from this plexus that the sciatic nerve is formed. The L4 and LS branch forrns the superior gluteal nerve, whi! The sciatic nerve has two components which may exit the pelvis separately as the tibial nerve and the cornmon peroneal cornrnon fibular nerve.
These alterations from normal may he the cause of periphcral nerve impingement syndromes of the lower extrern i ty. The tibial nerve innervates most of the posterior thigh, and all of ieg and plantar structures of the foot. The comrnon peroneal common fihular nerve innervates the short hcad of the biceps femoris.
The nerve curves around the fibular neck then splits to enter the lateral and anterior compart In the! The superficial peroneal nerve is sensory to most of the dorsum of the foot while the deep peroneal nerve innervates the extensor digitorum brevis muscle and then is sensory to thc dorsal web space betwecn the firsi two toes. Pressure applied iii the le e, tu either thc tibial or common peroneal nerves can result in paresthesias or pain in the foot.
First, with ankle dorsiflexed, here tape to lateral surface of Achille's tendon. FIex hip and knee, then apply tape along sciatic nerve path on buttocks.
Affixed tape is affixed as hip and knee are gradually extended. Knee is flexed, thcn tape is applied to posterior lateral thigh. The tape is adhered as the knee is gradual! Continue tape affliciation to lower lumber vertebal colurnn whule knee and hip are flexed and trunk is flexed and side bent to opposite side.
The Completed Sciatic Taping. In standing position, patient forward flexes with sciatic tape. In this position, decrease in the sciatic pain should be checked.
Certified D. He invented and developed the Kinesio Taping Method. Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles.
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When kinesiology tape was first displayed on the scantily clad bodies of athletes at the Beijing Olympics, very few people had any idea what it was.
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